Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

TMF: a minimal testing tool for ruby

branch: master

Fetching latest commit…

Octocat-spinner-32-eaf2f5

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore
Octocat-spinner-32 README.md
Octocat-spinner-32 tmf.rake.example
Octocat-spinner-32 tmf.rb
README.md

TMF: a minimal testing tool for ruby

Intro

RSpec is powerful and vast, but after using it extensively, I came to realize that really good tests only use a small sliver of its feature set. I looked at alternatives like minitest and Bacon, but then I had an interesting thought: you could write awesome tests using just 2 methods:

  • assert
  • stub

TMF is an attempt to provide a minimal but useful testing tool for ruby. It's not even a gem, just copy the code and you're done. It's about 30 LOC at the moment.

There are no automated tests for TMF itself. My goal is to keep it as simple as possible. Using another testing tool to test TMF seems wrong, and using TMF to test itself is also not right. Since I strive to keep the code simple enough that its correctness can be verified by hand, for now I test TMF manually (with rigor!) using the examples in the README.

I will use TMF in my projects and discover if such a minimalistic tool can be practical. Along the way, I will refine its features and look forward to hearing what you think about TMF!

Usage:

    require 'tmf'
    include TMF

    assert(1 + 1, :== => 2)
    # => true

    assert(1 + 1, :== => 3)
    # => TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected 2 == 3

    assert(1, :> => 0)
    # true

    assert(1, :eql? => 1.0)
    # TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected 1 eql? 1.0

    assert(1,
      :<     => 2,
      :>=    => 1,
      :is_a? => Fixnum
    )
    # => true

    assert(Object.foo, :== => :bar)
    # => NoMethodError: undefined method `foo' for Object:Class

    stub(Object, :method => :foo) do
      # within this block, Object.foo returns nil
      assert Object.foo, :== => nil
    end
    # => true

    stub(Object, :method => :foo, :return => :bar) do
      # within this block, Object.foo returns :bar
      assert(Object.foo, :== => :bar)
    end
    # => true

    # Object.foo is no longer defined
    Object.foo
    # => NoMethodError: undefined method `foo' for Object:Class

    stub(Object, :method => :bar, :error => RuntimeError) do
      # within this block, Object.bar raises a RuntimeError
      Object.bar
    end
    # => RuntimeError: RuntimeError

    stub(Object, :method => :bar, :error => ZeroDivisionError.new('any message you want')) do
      # within this block, Object.bar raises a ZeroDivisionError
      Object.bar
    end
    # => ZeroDivisionError: any message you want

    Object.methods.grep /foo/
    # => []

    stub(Object, :method => :foo){ Object.methods.grep /foo/ }
    # => [:foo]

    Object.methods.grep /foo/
    # => []

    # stub can also override existing methods
    Object.to_s
    # => "Object"

    stub(Object, :method => :to_s, :return => :cheezburger) do
      Object.to_s
    end
    # => :cheezburger

    # outside the stub block, Object.to_s is back to normal
    Object.to_s
    # => "Object"

    # set a spy to check if the stub was called
    stub(Object, :spy => :foo) do
      'y u no call ?'
    end
    # => TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected Object to receive foo

    stub(Object, :spy => :foo) do
      Object.foo
    end
    # => nil

A more detailed example

Let's say you have a file PROJECT_ROOT/lib/foo.rb with the following:

    class Foo
      def bar
        :bar
      end
    end

And you also have a file PROJECT_ROOT/test/foo_test.rb with the following:

    require_relative '../lib/foo.rb'
    require_relative './tmf.rb'

    include TMF

    f = Foo.new

    # passing test
    assert(f.class, :== => Foo)
    # => true

    # failing test
    assert(f.class, :== => 'Bar')
    # => TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected Foo == Bar

    # stub with passing test
    stub(f, :method => :class, :return => 'Bar') do
      assert(f.class, :== => 'Bar')
    end
    # => true

    # stub with failing test
    stub(f, :method => :bar, :return => :baz) do
      assert(f.bar, :== => :snafu)
    end
    # TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected baz == snafu

    # testing a raised error
    begin
      f.nothingthere
    rescue NoMethodError
      assert(
        $!.message.include?("undefined method `nothingthere'"),
        :== => true
      )
    end
    # => true

    # stub to raise an error
    stub(f, :method => :bar, :error => ZeroDivisionError) do
      begin
        f.bar
      rescue
        assert $!, :is_a? => ZeroDivisionError
      end
    end
    # => true

    # stub to raise an error
    stub(f, :method => :bar, :error => ZeroDivisionError) do
      begin
        f.bar
      rescue
        assert $!, :is_a? => RuntimeError
      end
    end
    # => TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected ZeroDivisionError is_a? RuntimeError

    # stub with spy and return value
    stub(f, :spy => :bar, :return => :baz) do
      'all your base are belong to us'
    end
    # => TMF::ExpectationNotMet: Expected #<Foo:0x007f85331b4ee0> to receive bar

    # stub with spy and return value
    stub(f, :spy => :bar, :return => :baz) do
      assert(f.bar, :== => :baz)
    end
    # => true

    # Multiple stubs via nesting
    stub(f, :method => :foo, :return => :bar) do
      stub(f, :method => :sna, :return => :fu) do
        assert(
          [f.foo, f.sna],
          :== => [:bar, :fu]
        )
      end
    end
    # => true

    # Override previous stubs
    stub(f, :method => :foo, :return => :bar) do
      assert(f.foo, :== => :bar)

      stub(f, :method => :foo, :return => :baz) do
        assert(f.foo, :== => :baz)

        stub(f, :method => :foo, :return => :snafu) do
          assert(f.foo, :== => :snafu)
        end
      end
    end
    # => true

    # Chained stubs
    # e.g. f.foo.bar
    stub(f, :method => :foo) do
      stub( f.foo, :method => :bar, :return => :baz ) do
        assert(f.foo.bar, :== => :baz)
      end
    end
    # => true

Then, you can run the tests above with:


    $ ruby test/foo_test.rb && echo "all tests pass"
    # => all tests pass

For a real-world example of TMF in action, have a look at these uses of TMF in the wild:

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.