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SALTO - Xerox Alto I/II Simulator.
Copyright by Juergen Buchmueller <>
Partially based on info found in Eric Smith's Alto simulator: Altogether.

1.) Building

Things you need before you can give it a try.

1.1) Prerequisites

You need the GNU compiler collection. SALTO was developed and tested with
GCC 3.3.3, while others should work. You also need GNU make.
Both can be found at

apt-get install build-essential

You also need SDL - Simple Direct Media Layer - installed, and "sdl-config"
in your path. It is used to determine the required compiler switches and
the path to the SDL libraries. SDL can be found at

apt-get install libsdl1.2-dev

Some build tools are required, such as (g)make, ar, ranlib, flex, yacc.
You should have these ready, if you installed the GNU binutils, and if
you installed the flex and yacc lexer and parser generators.

apt-get install flex bison

1.2) Settings

The only really maintainable switch in tha Makefile is the DEBUG=1 or
DEBUG=0 switch. With DEBUG=1 you can (and should) select the output generated
by running bin/salto. If you just want to execute some code, you should
choose DEBUG=0, which removes all the logprintf calls from the code and
makes it a lot smaller and faster.

2.) Running

After building a binary by running "make" or "gmake" on the command line,
and assuming all went wll, you can now run

	bin/salto disks/games.dsk.Z

2.1) Running the debug build

There's a whole lot of command line switches to disable and enable
the logging for certain tasks and other sections of the emulation.
The default settings for logging are:

switch	name			default
emu	emulator task		on
task1	task 1			on
task2	task 2			on
task3	task 3			on
ksec	disk sector task	on
task5	task 5			on
task6	task 6			on
ether	ethernet task		on
mrt	memory refresh task	on
dwt	display word task	on
curt	cursor task		on
dht	display horizontal task	on
dvt	display vertical task	on
part	parity error task	on
kwd	disk word task		on
task17	task 17			on
mem	memory functions	off
tmr	timer functions		off
dsp	display functions	off
dsk	disk functions		on
drv	disk drive emulation	on

To turn everything off you use "-all", to turn everything on you use "+all".
To disable a single type "-switch", to enable it "+switch".
Thus if you want to log just the display word task and display functions,
your command line would look like this:

	bin/salto -all +dwt +dsp

If you want to supply a software image to load when pressing the "insert" key,
you just specify its name after the switches:

	bin/salto -all +dwt +dsp helloworld.bin

To start the emulation in a paused mode and with the debugger window shown
first, you add a switch "-d" to the command line:

	bin/salto -all +dwt +dsp -d helloworld.bin

You can toggle between paused mode and running with the "pause" key
on your keyboard, and you can toggle between the debugger window and the
Alto display with the "scroll lock" key.

You can even fine-tune the loglevels with -switch=value or +switch=value.
If you want to see just the most important disk function log output:
	bin/salto -all +dsk=1

While the debugger window is visible, you can use the cursor keys to move
the flashing memory cursor:
	left		previous word
	right		next word
	up		previous row (-8 words)
	down		next row (+8 words)
	page up		previous page (-256 words)
	ctrl + page up	16 pages back
	page down	next page (+256 words)
	ctrl + page dn	16 pages forward
	home		cursor to top, left in page
	end		cursor to bottom, right in page
	ctrl + home	go to page 0
	ctrl + end	go to last page
	space		stack address, and follow the address at the cursor
	back space	return to stacked address

You can also toggle the display base between octal (o), decimal (d),
hexadecimal (h), and ASCII (a) by pressing the corresponding key.

If you don't want to see the log output that's written to the console, too,
you can just redirect it to /dev/null:

	bin/salto -all +dwt +dsp -d helloworld.bin >/dev/null

Or if you want to keep it for later, you can of course redirect it to
a file:

	bin/salto -all +dwt +dsp -d helloworld.bin >hw.log

2.2) Running the normal build

The only thing you can specify on the command line is the name of a
disk image file to open up. Dual disks do not (yet) work right, because
there are still bugs to find in the disk drive selection emulation.

You can toggle to the debugger window with "scroll lock", and
you can inspect memory just like described above.

2.3) Included disks


SALTO - Xerox Alto I/II Simulator




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