Bento is a project that encapsulates Packer templates for building Vagrant base boxes. A subset of templates are built and published to the bento org on Vagrant Cloud. The boxes also serve as default boxes for kitchen-vagrant.
Using Public Boxes
Adding a bento box to Vagrant
$ vagrant box add bento/ubuntu-16.04
Using a bento box in a Vagrantfile
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| config.vm.box = "bento/ubuntu-16.04" end
- At least one of the following virtualization providers:
*NOTE: support for these providers is considered experimental and corresponding Vagrant Cloud images may or may not exist.
To build an Ubuntu 16.04 box for only the VirtualBox provider
$ cd ubuntu $ packer build -only=virtualbox-iso ubuntu-16.04-amd64.json
To build Debian 9.1 32bit boxes for all possible providers (simultaneously)
$ cd debian $ packer build debian-9.1-i386.json
To build CentOS 7.3 boxes for all providers except VMware and Parallels
$ cd centos $ packer build -except=parallels-iso,vmware-iso centos-7.3-x86_64.json
To use an alternate mirror
$ cd fedora $ packer build -var 'mirror=http://mirror.utexas.edu/fedora/linux' fedora-26-x86_64.json
If the build is successful, ready to import box files will be in the
builds directory at the root of the repository.
*NOTE: box_basename can be overridden like other Packer vars with
Templates for operating systems only available via license or subscription are also available in the repository, these include but are not limited to: Mac OS X, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and SUSE Linux Enterprise. As the ISOs are not publicly available the URL values will need to be overridden as appropriate. We rely on the efforts of those with access to licensed versions of the operating systems to keep these up-to-date.
macOS / OSX
See our wiki page
The project does not include many definitions for building Windows boxes. For other approaches to building Windows boxes, please see the following community projects:
Bugs and Issues
Please use GitHub issues to report bugs, features, or other problems.
License & Authors
Mac OS X templates were adopted wholesale from Fletcher Nichol's packer templates.
- Author: Seth Chisamore (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Author: Stephen Delano (email@example.com)
- Author: Joshua Timberman (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Author: Tim Dysinger (email@example.com)
- Author: Chris McClimans (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Author: Julian Dunn (email@example.com)
- Author: Tom Duffield (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Author: Ross Timson (email@example.com)
- Author: Fletcher Nichol (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Copyright 2012-2017, Chef Software, Inc. (<email@example.com>) Copyright 2011-2012, Tim Dysinger (<firstname.lastname@example.org>) Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.