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CIDER is a Clojure Interactive Development Environment that Rocks for Emacs
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README.md

License GPL 3 MELPA MELPA Stable Build Status Gratipay Paypal

CIDER Logo

CIDER (formerly nrepl.el) is the Clojure Interactive Development Environment that Rocks for Emacs, built on top of nREPL, the Clojure networked REPL server. It's a great alternative to the now deprecated combination of SLIME + swank-clojure.

Gitter

CIDER packs plenty of features. Here are some of them (in no particular order):

  • Powerful REPL
  • Interactive code evaluation
  • Compilation notes (error and warning highlighting)
  • Human-friendly stacktraces
  • Smart code completion
  • Definition lookup
  • Documentation lookup
  • Resource lookup
  • Apropos
  • Debugger
  • Value inspector
  • Function tracing
  • Interactive macroexpansion
  • Grimoire integration
  • clojure.test integration
  • Classpath browser
  • Namespace browser
  • nREPL session management
  • Scratchpad
  • Minibuffer code evaluation
  • Integration with company-mode and auto-complete-mode

CIDER Screenshot


Installation

The canonical way to install CIDER is via package.el, but plenty of other options exist. (see wiki).

Prerequisites

You'll need to have Emacs installed (preferably the latest stable release). If you're new to Emacs you might want to read this tutorial, dedicated to setting up Emacs for Clojure development, first.

Upgrading from nrepl.el

Before installing CIDER make sure you've removed the old nrepl.el package and all packages that depend on it. Use only packages updated to work with CIDER!

You'll also need to adjust your config accordingly, as most settings were renamed in CIDER. Consult the Configuration section of the README for more details.

Upgrading from clojure-test-mode

CIDER 0.7 ships a replacement for the deprecated clojure-test-mode called cider-test. Please, make sure you've uninstalled clojure-test-mode if you're using CIDER 0.7 as clojure-test-mode sometimes interferes with CIDER's REPL initialization.

Installation via package.el

package.el is the built-in package manager in Emacs.

CIDER is available on all major package.el community maintained repos - MELPA Stable, MELPA and Marmalade.

You can install CIDER with the following command:

M-x package-install [RET] cider [RET]

or by adding this bit of Emacs Lisp code to your Emacs initialization file (.emacs or init.el):

(unless (package-installed-p 'cider)
  (package-install 'cider))

If the installation doesn't work try refreshing the package list:

M-x package-refresh-contents [RET]

Keep in mind that MELPA packages are built automatically from the master branch, meaning bugs might creep in there from time to time. Never-the-less, installing from MELPA is the recommended way of obtaining CIDER, as the master branch is normally quite stable and "stable" (tagged) builds are released somewhat infrequently.

With the most recent builds of Emacs, you can pin CIDER to always use MELPA Stable (or Marmalade) by adding this to your Emacs initialization:

(add-to-list 'package-pinned-packages '(cider . "melpa-stable") t)

CIDER has deps (e.g. queue) that are only available in the GNU ELPA repository. It's the only repository enabled by default and you should not disable it!

CIDER nREPL middleware

Using Leiningen

Much of CIDER's functionality depends on the presence of CIDER's own nREPL middleware.

Use the convenient plugin for defaults, either in your project's project.clj file or in the :user profile in ~/.lein/profiles.clj.

:plugins [[cider/cider-nrepl "x.y.z"]]

A minimal profiles.clj for CIDER would be:

{:user {:plugins [[cider/cider-nrepl "0.8.2"]]}}

Using Boot

Boot users can configure the tool to include the middleware automatically in all of their projects using a ~/.profile.boot file like so:

(require 'boot.repl)

(swap! boot.repl/*default-dependencies*
       concat '[[cider/cider-nrepl "0.8.2"]])

(swap! boot.repl/*default-middleware*
       conj 'cider.nrepl/cider-middleware)

Using embedded nREPL server

If you're embedding nREPL in your application you'll have to start the server with CIDER's own nREPL handler.

(ns my-app
  (:require [clojure.tools.nrepl.server :as nrepl-server]
            [cider.nrepl :refer (cider-nrepl-handler)]))

(defn -main
  []
  (nrepl-server/start-server :port 7888 :handler cider-nrepl-handler))

It goes without saying that your project should depend on cider-nrepl.


x.y.z should match the version of CIDER you're currently using (say 0.7.1). For snapshot releases of CIDER you should use the snapshot of the plugin as well (say 0.7.1-SNAPSHOT).

Note that you need to use at least CIDER 0.7 for the nREPL middleware to work properly. Don't use cider-nrepl with CIDER 0.6.

Configuration

You can certainly use CIDER without configuring it any further, but here are some ways other folks are adjusting their CIDER experience.

Basic configuration

  • Enable eldoc in Clojure buffers:
(add-hook 'cider-mode-hook #'eldoc-mode)
  • Log communication with the nREPL server (extremely useful for debugging CIDER problems):
(setq nrepl-log-messages t)

The log will go to the buffer *nrepl-messages*.

  • You can hide the *nrepl-connection* and *nrepl-server* buffers from appearing in some buffer switching commands like switch-to-buffer(C-x b) like this:
(setq nrepl-hide-special-buffers t)

When using switch-to-buffer, pressing SPC after the command will make the hidden buffers visible. They'll always be visible in list-buffers (C-x C-b).

  • By default, interactive commands that require a symbol will prompt for the symbol, with the prompt defaulting to the symbol at point. You can set cider-prompt-for-symbol to nil to instead try the command with the symbol at point first, and only prompt if that fails.

  • You can control the TAB key behavior in the REPL via the cider-repl-tab-command variable. While the default command cider-repl-indent-and-complete-symbol should be an adequate choice for most users, it's very easy to switch to another command if you wish to. For instance if you'd like TAB to only indent (maybe because you're used to completing with M-TAB) use the following snippet:

(setq cider-repl-tab-command #'indent-for-tab-command)
  • To prefer local resources to remote (tramp) ones when both are available:
(setq cider-prefer-local-resources t)
  • Prevent the auto-display of the REPL buffer in a separate window after connection is established:
(setq cider-repl-pop-to-buffer-on-connect nil)
  • Configure whether the error buffer with stacktraces should be automatically shown on error:

    • Don't show on error:

      (setq cider-show-error-buffer nil)

    Independently of the value of cider-show-error-buffer, the error buffer is always generated in the background. Use cider-visit-error-buffer to visit this buffer.

    • Selective strategies:

      (setq cider-show-error-buffer 'except-in-repl) ; or
      (setq cider-show-error-buffer 'only-in-repl)
  • To disable auto-selection of the error buffer when it's displayed:

(setq cider-auto-select-error-buffer nil)
  • If using the wrap-stacktrace middleware from cider-nrepl, error buffer stacktraces may be filtered by default. Valid filter types include java, clj, repl, tooling, and dup. Setting this to nil will show all stacktrace frames.
(setq cider-stacktrace-default-filters '(tooling dup))
  • Error messages may be wrapped for readability. If this value is nil, messages will not be wrapped; if it is truthy but non-numeric, the default fill-column will be used.
(setq cider-stacktrace-fill-column 80)
  • The REPL buffer name has the format *cider-repl project-name*. Change the separator from space to something else by overriding nrepl-buffer-name-separator.
(setq nrepl-buffer-name-separator "-")
  • The REPL buffer name can also display the port on which the nREPL server is running. Buffer name will look like cider-repl project-name:port.
(setq nrepl-buffer-name-show-port t)
  • Make C-c C-z switch to the CIDER REPL buffer in the current window:
(setq cider-repl-display-in-current-window t)
  • Prevent C-c C-k from prompting to save the file corresponding to the buffer being loaded, if it's modified:
(setq cider-prompt-save-file-on-load nil)
  • Change the result prefix for REPL evaluation (by default there's no prefix):
(setq cider-repl-result-prefix ";; => ")

And here's the result of that change:

user> (+ 1 2)
;; => 3
  • Change the result prefix for interactive evaluation (by default it's =>):
(setq cider-interactive-eval-result-prefix ";; => ")

To remove the prefix altogether just set it to an empty string("").

  • Normally code you input in the REPL is font-locked with cider-repl-input-face (after you press RET) and results are font-locked with cider-repl-result-face. If you want them to be font-locked as in clojure-mode use the following:
(setq cider-repl-use-clojure-font-lock t)
  • You can control the C-c C-z key behavior of switching to the REPL buffer with the cider-switch-to-repl-command variable. While the default command cider-switch-to-relevant-repl-buffer should be an adequate choice for most users, cider-switch-to-current-repl-buffer offers a simpler alternative where CIDER will not attempt to match the correct REPL buffer based on underlying project directories:
(setq cider-switch-to-repl-command #'cider-switch-to-current-repl-buffer)
  • You can configure known endpoints used by the cider command offered via a completing read. This is useful if you have a list of common host/ports you want to establish remote nREPL connections to. Using an optional label is helpful for identifying each host.
(setq cider-known-endpoints '(("host-a" "10.10.10.1" "7888") ("host-b" "7888")))
  • If you are targeting the JVM and prefer a local copy of the JDK API documentation over Oracle's official copy (e.g., for JavaSE 8), per nREPL's javadoc-info logic (accurate as of 29 Dec 2014), you can arrange your project to include the root path of the local API doc (i.e., where the index.html is located) to be included on your classpath (i.e., where the doc HTML files can be located by clojure.java.io/resource). For example, for Leiningen, with the local API path being /usr/share/doc/java/api/, put the following line in project.clj:
:dev {:resource-paths ["/usr/share/doc/java/api/"]}

or the following line in $HOME/.lein/profiles.clj:

:user {:resource-paths ["/usr/share/doc/java/api/"]}

More detail can be found here.

Running tests

  • If your tests are not following the some.ns-test naming convention you can customize the variable cider-test-infer-test-ns. It should be bound to a function that takes the current ns and returns the matching test ns (which may be the same as the current ns).

  • If you want to view the test report regardless of whether the tests have passed or failed:

(setq cider-test-show-report-on-success t)

REPL history

  • To make the REPL history wrap around when its end is reached:
(setq cider-repl-wrap-history t)
  • To adjust the maximum number of items kept in the REPL history:
(setq cider-repl-history-size 1000) ; the default is 500
  • To store the REPL history in a file:
(setq cider-repl-history-file "path/to/file")

Note that the history is written to the file when you kill the REPL buffer (which includes invoking cider-quit) or you quit Emacs.

Minibuffer completion

Out-of-the box CIDER uses the standard completing-read Emacs mechanism. While it's not fancy it certainly gets the job done (just press TAB). There are, however, ways to improve upon the standard completion if you wish to.

icomplete

icomplete is bundled with Emacs and enhances the default minubuffer completion:

(require 'icomplete)

ido

ido is also bundled with Emacs and offers more features than icomplete. If you are using ido, be sure to use both ido-everywhere and ido-ubiquitous. You might also want to install ido-flex.

Auto-completion

CIDER users are advised to use company-mode to enable auto-completion inside of source code and REPL buffers. This can be done globally, like so --

(global-company-mode)

-- or through mode-specific hooks:

(add-hook 'cider-repl-mode-hook #'company-mode)
(add-hook 'cider-mode-hook #'company-mode)

When company-mode is thus enabled, it will receive completion information from cider-complete-at-point, and requires no additional setup or plugins.

Migrating from auto-complete-mode

  • Disable ac-cider-setup or ac-nrepl-setup from running on CIDER hooks

  • Remove cider-mode and cider-repl-mode from the ac-modes list

Completion annotations

Completion candidates will be annotated by default with an abbreviation corresponding to their type, and (contextually) their ns. The function used to format the annotation can be configured by cider-annotate-completion-function. The abbreviations used are configured by cider-completion-annotations-alist and the context in which their namespace is included is configured by cider-completion-annotations-include-ns.

Completion annotations can be disabled by setting cider-annotate-completion-candidates to nil.

Integration with other modes

  • Enabling CamelCase support for editing commands(like forward-word, backward-word, etc) in the REPL is quite useful since we often have to deal with Java class and method names. The built-in Emacs minor mode subword-mode provides such functionality:
(add-hook 'cider-repl-mode-hook #'subword-mode)
  • The use of paredit when editing Clojure (or any other Lisp) code is highly recommended. You're probably using it already in your clojure-mode buffers (if you're not you probably should). You might also want to enable paredit in the REPL buffer as well:
(add-hook 'cider-repl-mode-hook #'paredit-mode)
  • smartparens is an excellent alternative to paredit. Many Clojure hackers have adopted it recently and you might want to give it a try as well. To enable smartparens in the REPL buffer use the following code:
(add-hook 'cider-repl-mode-hook #'smartparens-strict-mode)
  • RainbowDelimiters is a minor mode which highlights parentheses, brackets, and braces according to their depth. Each successive level is highlighted in a different color. This makes it easy to spot matching delimiters, orient yourself in the code, and tell which statements are at a given depth. Assuming you've already installed RainbowDelimiters you can enable it in the REPL like this:
(add-hook 'cider-repl-mode-hook #'rainbow-delimiters-mode)
  • auto-complete is a popular Emacs interactive auto-completion framework. ac-cider provides a completion source for auto-complete-mode, including, where CIDER provides it, pop-up documentation for completed symbols.

Basic Usage

The only requirement to use CIDER is to have a nREPL server to which it may connect. Many Clojurians favour the use of the Leiningen or Boot tools to start an nREPL server, but the use of Leiningen or Boot is not a prerequisite to use CIDER (but it is required if you want to use the cider-jack-in command).

Setting up a Leiningen or Boot project (optional)

Leiningen is the de facto standard build/project management tool for Clojure. Boot is a newer build tool offering abstractions and libraries to construct more complex build scenarios. Both have a similar scope to the Maven build tool favoured by Java developers (and they actually reuse many things from the Maven ecosystem).

CIDER features a command called cider-jack-in that will start an nREPL server for a particular Leiningen or Boot project and connect to it automatically. This functionality depends on Leiningen 2.x (preferably 2.5+) or Boot 2.0.0+. Older versions are not supported. For Leiningen, follow the installation instructions on its web site to get it up and running and afterwards create a project like this:

$ lein new demo

The two main ways to obtain an nREPL connection are discussed in the following sections of the manual.

Launch a nREPL server and client from Emacs

Simply open in Emacs a file belonging to your lein or boot project (like foo.clj) and type M-x cider-jack-in. This will start a nREPL with all the deps loaded in, plus a CIDER client connected to it.

Alternative you can use C-u M-x cider-jack-in to specify the name of a lein or boot project, without having to visit any file in it.

Connect to a running nREPL server

You can go to your project's dir in a terminal and type there (assuming you're using Leiningen that is):

$ lein repl

Or with Boot:

$ boot repl wait

Alternatively you can start nREPL either manually or by the facilities provided by your project build tool (Maven, etc).

After you get your nREPL server running go back to Emacs. Typing there M-x cider-connect will allow you to connect to the running nREPL server.

Using the cider minor mode

CIDER comes with a handy minor mode called cider-mode (complementing clojure-mode) that allows you to evaluate code in your Clojure source files and load it directly in the REPL. A list of all available commands is available in the CIDER menu and in the following section of this manual.

Pretty printing in the REPL

Make the REPL always pretty-print the results of your commands. Note that this will not work correctly with forms such as (def a 1) (def b2) and it expects clojure.pprint to have been required already (the default in more recent versions of Clojure):

M-x cider-repl-toggle-pretty-printing

Limiting printed output in the REPL

Accidentally printing large objects can be detrimental to your productivity. Clojure provides the *print-length* var which, if set, controls how many items of each collection the printer will print. You can supply a default value for REPL sessions via the global-vars section of your Leiningen project's configuration.

:global-vars {*print-length* 100}

ClojureScript usage

ClojureScript support relies on the piggieback nREPL middleware being present in your REPL session. This is supported by (and is the recommended method for using) both the Austin and Weasel ClojureScript REPLs.

  • Example usage of a non-browser connected Austin REPL (requires e.g. [com.cemerick/austin "0.1.5"] in your project's :plugins):

    • At the Clojure REPL:

      (cemerick.piggieback/cljs-repl
        :repl-env (cemerick.austin/exec-env))
  • Example usage of browser-connected Weasel REPL (requires e.g. [weasel "0.4.2"] in your project's :dependencies):

    • At the Clojure REPL:

      (require 'weasel.repl.websocket)
      (cemerick.piggieback/cljs-repl
        :repl-env (weasel.repl.websocket/repl-env :ip "127.0.0.1"
                                                  :port 9001))
    • and in your ClojureScript:

      (ns my.cljs.core
        (:require [weasel.repl :as ws-repl]))
      
      (ws-repl/connect "ws://localhost:9001")

The clojure-quick-repls library provides helper functions to automate REPL creation for both Clojure and Clojurescript, and will also automatically route requests to the correct REPL according to the file extension of the current buffer (note that CIDER does not provide the latter functionality out-of-the-box).

Provided that a Piggieback-enabled ClojureScript environment is active in your REPL session, code loading and evaluation will work seamlessly regardless of the presence of the cider-nrepl middleware. If the middleware is present then most other features of CIDER will also be enabled (including code completion, documentation lookup, the namespace browser, and macroexpansion).

Keyboard shortcuts

  • M-x cider-jack-in: Launch an nREPL server and a REPL client. Prompts for a project root if given a prefix argument.
  • M-x cider: Connect to an already-running nREPL server.

While you're in clojure-mode, cider-jack-in is bound for convenience to C-c M-j and cider-connect is bound to C-c M-c.

cider-mode

Keyboard shortcut Description
C-x C-e C-c C-e Evaluate the form preceding point and display the result in the echo area. If invoked with a prefix argument, insert the result into the current buffer.
C-c C-w Evaluate the form preceding point and replace it with its result.
C-c M-e Evaluate the form preceding point and output it result to the REPL buffer. If invoked with a prefix argument, takes you to the REPL buffer after being invoked.
C-c M-p Load the form preceding point in the REPL buffer.
C-c C-p Evaluate the form preceding point and pretty-print the result in a popup buffer.
C-c C-f Evaluate the top level form under point and pretty-print the result in a popup buffer.
C-M-x C-c C-c Evaluate the top level form under point and display the result in the echo area.
C-u C-M-x C-u C-c C-c Debug the top level form under point and walk through its evaluation
C-c C-r Evaluate the region and display the result in the echo area.
C-c C-b Interrupt any pending evaluations.
C-c C-m Invoke macroexpand-1 on the form at point and display the result in a macroexpansion buffer. If invoked with a prefix argument, macroexpand is used instead of macroexpand-1.
C-c M-m Invoke clojure.walk/macroexpand-all on the form at point and display the result in a macroexpansion buffer.
C-c C-n Eval the ns form.
C-c M-n Switch the namespace of the REPL buffer to the namespace of the current buffer.
C-c C-z Switch to the relevant REPL buffer. Use a prefix argument to change the namespace of the REPL buffer to match the currently visited source file.
C-u C-u C-c C-z Switch to the REPL buffer based on a user prompt for a directory.
C-c M-d Display default REPL connection details, including project directory name, buffer namespace, host and port.
C-c M-r Rotate and display the default nREPL connection.
C-c M-o Clear the entire REPL buffer, leaving only a prompt. Useful if you're running the REPL buffer in a side by side buffer.
C-c C-k Load (eval) the current buffer.
C-c C-l Load (eval) a Clojure file.
C-c C-d d Display doc string for the symbol at point. If invoked with a prefix argument, or no symbol is found at point, prompt for a symbol.
C-c C-d j Display JavaDoc (in your default browser) for the symbol at point. If invoked with a prefix argument, or no symbol is found at point, prompt for a symbol.
C-c M-i Inspect expression. Will act on expression at point if present.
C-c M-t v Toggle var tracing.
C-c M-t n Toggle namespace tracing.
C-c C-u Undefine a symbol. If invoked with a prefix argument, or no symbol is found at point, prompt for a symbol.
C-c , Run tests for namespace.
C-c C-, Re-run test failures/errors for namespace.
C-c M-, Run test at point.
C-c C-t Show the test report buffer.
M-. Jump to the definition of a symbol. If invoked with a prefix argument, or no symbol is found at point, prompt for a symbol.
C-c M-. Jump to the resource referenced by the string at point.
M-, Return to your pre-jump location.
M-TAB Complete the symbol at point.
C-c C-d g Lookup symbol in Grimoire.
C-c C-d a Apropos search for functions/vars.
C-c C-d A Apropos search for documentation.

cider-repl-mode

Keyboard shortcut Description
RET Evaluate the current input in Clojure if it is complete. If incomplete, open a new line and indent. If invoked with a prefix argument is given then the input is evaluated without checking for completeness.
C-RET Close any unmatched parenthesis and then evaluate the current input in Clojure.
C-j Open a new line and indent.
C-c M-o Clear the entire REPL buffer, leaving only a prompt.
C-c C-o Remove the output of the previous evaluation from the REPL buffer.
C-c C-u Kill all text from the prompt to the current point.
C-c C-b C-c C-c Interrupt any pending evaluations.
C-up C-down Goto to previous/next input in history.
M-p M-n Search the previous/next item in history using the current input as search pattern. If M-p/M-n is typed two times in a row, the second invocation uses the same search pattern (even if the current input has changed).
M-s M-r Search forward/reverse through command history with regex.
C-c C-n C-c C-p Move between the current and previous prompts in the REPL buffer. Pressing RET on a line with old input copies that line to the newest prompt.
TAB Complete symbol at point.
C-c C-d d Display doc string for the symbol at point. If invoked with a prefix argument, or no symbol is found at point, prompt for a symbol
C-c C-d j Display JavaDoc (in your default browser) for the symbol at point. If invoked with a prefix argument, or no symbol is found at point, prompt for a symbol.
C-c C-d g Lookup symbol in Grimoire.
C-c C-d a Apropos search for functions/vars.
C-c C-d A Apropos search for documentation.
C-c C-z Switch to the previous Clojure buffer. This complements C-c C-z used in cider-mode.
C-c M-f Select a function from the current namespace and insert into the REPL buffer.
C-c M-i Inspect expression. Will act on expression at point if present.
C-c M-n Select a namespace and switch to it.
C-c M-t v Toggle var tracing.
C-c M-t n Toggle namespace tracing.

In the REPL you can also use "shortcut commands" by pressing , at the beginning of a REPL line. You'll be presented with a list of commands you can quickly run (like quitting, displaying some info, clearing the REPL, etc). The character used to trigger the shortcuts is configurable via cider-repl-shortcut-dispatch-char. Here's how you can change it to ::

(setq cider-repl-shortcut-dispatch-char ?\:)

cider-macroexpansion-mode

Keyboard shortcut Description
C-c C-m Invoke macroexpand-1 on the form at point and replace the original form with its expansion. If invoked with a prefix argument, macroexpand is used instead of macroexpand-1.
C-c M-m Invoke clojure.walk/macroexpand-all on the form at point and replace the original form with its expansion.
g The prior macroexpansion is performed again and the current contents of the macroexpansion buffer are replaced with the new expansion.
C-/ C-x u Undo the last inplace expansion performed in the macroexpansion buffer.

cider-inspector-mode

Keyboard shortcut Description
Tab and Shift-Tab navigate inspectable sub-objects
Return inspect sub-objects
l pop to the parent object
g refresh the inspector (e.g. if viewing an atom/ref/agent)

cider-test-report-mode

Keyboard shortcut Description
C-c , Run tests for namespace.
C-c C-, Re-run test failures/errors for namespace.
C-c M-, Run test at point.
M-p Move point to previous test.
M-n Move point to next test.
t and M-. Jump to test definition.
d Display diff of actual vs expected.
e Display test error cause and stacktrace info.

cider-stacktrace-mode

Keyboard shortcut Description
M-p move point to previous cause
M-n move point to next cause
M-. and Return navigate to the source location (if available) for the stacktrace frame
Tab Cycle current cause detail
0 and S-Tab Cycle all cause detail
1 Cycle cause #1 detail
2 Cycle cause #2 detail
3 Cycle cause #3 detail
4 Cycle cause #4 detail
5 Cycle cause #5 detail
j toggle display of java frames
c toggle display of clj frames
r toggle display of repl frames
t toggle display of tooling frames (e.g. compiler, nREPL middleware)
d toggle display of duplicate frames
a toggle display of all frames

cider-debug

cider-debug (invoked with C-u C-M-x) tries to be consistent with Edebug. So it makes available the following bindings while stepping through code.

Keyboard shortcut Description
n Next step
c Continue without stopping
i Inject a value into running code

Managing multiple sessions

You can connect to multiple nREPL servers using M-x cider-jack-in multiple times. To close the current nREPL connection, use M-x nrepl-close. M-x cider-quit closes all connections.

CIDER maintains a list of nREPL connections and a single 'default' connection. When you execute CIDER commands in a Clojure editing buffer such as to compile a namespace, these commands are executed against the default connection.

You can display the default nREPL connection using C-c M-d and rotate the default connection using C-c M-r. Another option for setting the default connection is to execute the command M-x nrepl-make-connection-default in the appropriate REPL buffer.

To switch to the relevant REPL buffer based on the Clojure namespace in the current Clojure buffer, use: C-c C-z. You can then use the same key combination to switch back to the Clojure buffer you came from.

The single prefix C-u C-c C-z, will switch you to the relevant REPL buffer and set the namespace in that buffer based on namespace in the current Clojure buffer.

To explicitly choose the REPL buffer that C-c C-z uses based on project directory, use a double prefix C-u C-u C-c C-z. This assumes you have cider-switch-to-relevant-repl mapped to the var cider-switch-to-repl-command which is the default configuration.

To change the designation used for CIDER buffers use M-x cider-change-buffers-designation. This changes the CIDER REPL buffer, nREPL connection buffer and nREPL server buffer. For example using cider-change-buffers-designation with the string "foo" would change *cider-repl localhost* to *cider-repl foo*.

Requirements

Caveats

ClojureScript limitations

Currently, the following features are not supported for ClojureScript development:

  • Grimoire lookup
  • The inspector
  • Reloading
  • Running tests
  • Tracing

There is currently no support for both Clojure and ClojureScript evaluation in the same nREPL session. If Piggieback is active, code evaluation and all features will assume ClojureScript.

The aforementioned clojure-quick-repls aids this situation by routing requests to the correct REPL according to the file extension of the current buffer.

Microsoft Windows

On Microsoft Windows the JVM default line separator string is \r\n which can appear in Emacs as ^M characters at the end of lines printed out by the JVM. One option is to set the buffer-display-table to not show these characters as detailed here (changing slime-repl-mode-hook to cider-repl-mode-hook). Alternatively, setting the system property line.separator to \n at JVM startup will stop the carriage return from being printed and will fix output in all cider buffers. To do so add "-Dline.separator=\"\n\"" to :jvm-opts in ~/.lein/profiles.clj.

powershell.el

The powershell inferior shell mode truncates CIDER's REPL output when loaded. As a workaround remove

(require 'powershell)

from your Emacs config.

Documentation

A single-page quick reference PDF for CIDER commands is available here. This PDF can be created manually by running pdflatex on the CIDER refcard LaTeX file.

Changelog

An extensive changelog is available here.

Team

Release policy

We’re following SemVer (as much as one can be following it when the major version is 0). At this point bumps of the minor (second) version number are considered major releases and always include new features or significant changes to existing features. API compatibility between major releases is not a (big) concern (although we try to break the API rarely and only for a good reason).

The development cycle for the next major release starts immediately after the previous one has been shipped. Bugfix/point releases (if any) address only serious bugs and never contain new features.

The versions of CIDER and cider-nrepl are always kept in sync. If you're tracking the master branch of CIDER, you should also be tracking the master branch of cider-nrepl.

Logo

CIDER's logo was created by @ndr-qef. You can find the logo in various formats here.

The logo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Contributing

Discussion

For questions, suggestions and support refer to our official mailing list , the Freenode channel #clojure-emacs or our gitter channel. Please, don't report issues there, as this makes them harder to track.

Issues

Report issues and suggest features and improvements on the GitHub issue tracker. Don't ask questions on the issue tracker - the mailing list and the IRC channel are the places for questions.

Patches

Patches under any form are always welcome! GitHub pull requests are even better! :-)

Before submitting a patch or a pull request make sure all tests are passing and that your patch is in line with the contribution guidelines.

Documentation

Consider improving and extending the community wiki.

Donations

You can support my work on CIDER, clojure-mode and all my other projects via gratipay and PayPal.

Support via Gratipay

Paypal

Running the tests in batch mode

Install cask if you haven't already, then:

$ cd /path/to/cider
$ cask

Run all tests with:

$ make test

(Note: tests may not run correctly inside Emacs' shell-mode buffers. Running in a terminal is recommended.)

License

Copyright © 2012-2015 Tim King, Phil Hagelberg, Bozhidar Batsov, Hugo Duncan, Steve Purcell and contributors.

Distributed under the GNU General Public License, version 3

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