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An extremely alpha version of an asynchronous analog to the existing node-libdtrace module
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README.md

node-libdtrace-async

node-libdtrace-async is a Node.js add-on that interfaces to libdtrace, allowing Node programs to control DTrace enablings. The implementation and documentation are heavily based on node-libdtrace.

This module should still be considered a prototype. The interface is subject to change, and there may be stability issues.

Installation

$ npm install joyent/node-libdtrace-async

Synopsis

Here's "hello, world", using vasync to manage the asynchrony:

var lda = require('dtrace-async');
var vasync = require('vasync');
var prog = 'BEGIN{ trace("hello, world"); }';
var consumer;
vasync.pipeline({
    'funcs': [
    function setup(_, callback) {
        consumer = lda.createConsumer();
        console.log('dtrace version: ', consumer.version());
        consumer.on('ready', callback);
    },
    function compile(_, callback) {
        console.log('consumer ready, compiling');
        consumer.strcompile(prog, callback);
    },
    function enable(_, callback) {
        console.log('compiled, enabling');
        consumer.go(callback);
    },
    function consume(_, callback) {
        console.log('enabled, consuming');
        consumer.consume(function (probe, value) {
            if (!value)
                return;
            console.log('consume: ', value.data);
        });
        consumer.stop(callback);
    }
    ]
}, function (err) {
    if (err)
        throw (err);
    console.log('stopped');
});

If you want a more concise, synchronous interface, see the original node-libdtrace. See below for the differences between this version and the original.

API

createConsumer()

Create a new libdtrace consumer, which will correspond to a new libdtrace state. createConsumer returns a Consumer object, but it will not be ready for use until it emits the ready event.

If DTrace cannot be initalized for any reason, an error event will be emitted instead of ready. One particularly common failure mode is attempting to initialize DTrace without the necessary level of privilege; in this case, for example, the message will be something like:

  DTrace requires additional privileges

If you hit this, you will need to be a user that has DTrace privileges.

consumer.strcompile(str, callback)

Compile the specified str as a D program and invoke callback when that completes. This is required before any call to consumer.go().

See "Liveness" below.

consumer.go(callback)

Instruments the system using the specified enabling. Before consumer.go() is called, the specified D program has been compiled but not executed; once consumer.go() is called, no further D compilation is possible. callback is invoked when the instrumentation has been enabled.

See "Liveness" below.

consumer.stop(callback)

Disables instrumentation and frees resources associated with this consumer. After calling this function, you cannot call strcompile, go, or stop again on this consumer. callback is invoked when the operation completes.

See "Liveness" below.

consumer.setopt(option, value)

Sets the specified option (a string) to value (an integer, boolean, string, or string representation of an integer or boolean, as denoted by the option being set).

consumer.consume(function func (probe, rec) {})

Consume any DTrace data traced to the principal buffer since the last call to consumer.consume() (or the call to consumer.go() if consumer.consume() has not been called). For each trace record, func will be called and passed two arguments:

  • probe is an object that specifies the probe that corresponds to the trace record in terms of the probe tuple: provider, module, function and name.

  • rec is an object that has a single member, data, that corresponds to the datum within the trace record. If the trace record has been entirely consumed, rec will be undefined.

In terms of implementation, a call to consumer.consume() will result in a call to dtrace_status() and a principal buffer switch. Note that if the rate of consumption exceeds the specified switchrate (set via either #pragma D option switchrate or consumer.setopt()), this will result in no new data processing.

This function is synchronous. (func will be invoked during the call to consume, not some time later.)

consumer.aggwalk(function func (varid, key, value) {})

Snapshot and iterate over all aggregation data accumulated since the last call to consumer.aggwalk() (or the call to consumer.go() if consumer.aggwalk() has not been called). For each aggregate record, func will be called and passed three arguments:

  • varid is the identifier of the aggregation variable. These IDs are assigned in program order, starting with 1.

  • key is an array of keys that, taken with the variable identifier, uniquely specifies the aggregation record.

  • value is the value of the aggregation record, the meaning of which depends on the aggregating action:

    • For count(), sum(), max() and min(), the value is the integer value of the aggregation action

    • For avg(), the value is the numeric value of the aggregating action

    • For quantize(), lquantize(), and llquantize(), the value is an array of 2-tuples denoting ranges and value: each element consists of a two element array denoting the range (minimum followed by maximum, both inclusive) and the value for that range.

Upon return from consumer.aggwalk(), the aggregation data for the specified variable and key(s) is removed.

Note that the rate of consumer.aggwalk() actually consumes the aggregation buffer is clamped by the aggrate option; if consumer.aggwalk() is called more frequently than the specified rate, consumer.aggwalk() will not induce any additional data processing.

consumer.aggwalk() does not iterate over aggregation data in any guaranteed order, and may interleave aggregation variables and/or keys.

This function is synchronous. (func will be invoked during the call to aggwalk, not some time later.)

consumer.version()

Returns the version string, as returned from dtrace -V.

Liveness

strcompile, go, and stop can take tens to hundreds of milliseconds. To keep the Node program responsive, these are executed using the libuv thread pool. However, these operations are CPU-bound, and the thread pool is typically limited to only a few threads, so it's not recommended to run a lot of strcompile, go, and stop methods concurrently. If you do, they'll queue up and potentially starve network and filesystem operations.

Differences from node-libdtrace

The strcompile, go, and stop methods are asynchronous, since they can take tens to hundreds of milliseconds.

This implementation uses the prototype node-addon-layer to provide a stable binary interface.

Internally, this implementation passes quantized values in a format closer to what libdtrace uses, which makes it possible to experiment with more efficient ways of transmitting and packing those values. This isn't yet exposed to consumers.

Platforms

This should work on any platform that supports DTrace, and is known to work on illumos (tested on SmartOS).

TODO

  • add automated tests for happy paths
  • add automated tests for quantize(), lquantize(), llquantize() data representations
  • add automated tests for invalid paths
  • stress-test and check for memory leaks
  • stress-test and check for liveness
  • stress-test and check for stability issues (make sure stop() always does stop)
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