Performs basic database operations using credentials stored in wp-config.php.
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wp-cli/db-command

Performs basic database operations using credentials stored in wp-config.php.

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Using

This package implements the following commands:

wp db

Performs basic database operations using credentials stored in wp-config.php.

wp db

EXAMPLES

# Create a new database.
$ wp db create
Success: Database created.

# Drop an existing database.
$ wp db drop --yes
Success: Database dropped.

# Reset the current database.
$ wp db reset --yes
Success: Database reset.

# Execute a SQL query stored in a file.
$ wp db query < debug.sql

wp db clean

Removes all tables with $table_prefix from the database.

wp db clean [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--yes]

Runs DROP_TABLE for each table that has a $table_prefix as specified in wp-config.php.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--yes]
	Answer yes to the confirmation message.

EXAMPLES

# Delete all tables that match the current site prefix.
$ wp db clean --yes
Success: Tables dropped.

wp db create

Creates a new database.

wp db create [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>]

Runs CREATE_DATABASE SQL statement using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db create
Success: Database created.

wp db drop

Deletes the existing database.

wp db drop [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--yes]

Runs DROP_DATABASE SQL statement using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--yes]
	Answer yes to the confirmation message.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db drop --yes
Success: Database dropped.

wp db reset

Removes all tables from the database.

wp db reset [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--yes]

Runs DROP_DATABASE and CREATE_DATABASE SQL statements using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--yes]
	Answer yes to the confirmation message.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db reset --yes
Success: Database reset.

wp db check

Checks the current status of the database.

wp db check [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--<field>=<value>]

Runs mysqlcheck utility with --check using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

See docs for more details on the CHECK TABLE statement.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysqlcheck. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysqlcheck. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--<field>=<value>]
	Extra arguments to pass to mysqlcheck.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db check
Success: Database checked.

wp db optimize

Optimizes the database.

wp db optimize [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--<field>=<value>]

Runs mysqlcheck utility with --optimize=true using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

See docs for more details on the OPTIMIZE TABLE statement.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysqlcheck. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysqlcheck. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--<field>=<value>]
	Extra arguments to pass to mysqlcheck.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db optimize
Success: Database optimized.

wp db prefix

Displays the database table prefix.

wp db prefix 

Display the database table prefix, as defined by the database handler's interpretation of the current site.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db prefix
wp_

wp db repair

Repairs the database.

wp db repair [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--<field>=<value>]

Runs mysqlcheck utility with --repair=true using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

See docs for more details on the REPAIR TABLE statement.

OPTIONS

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysqlcheck. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysqlcheck. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--<field>=<value>]
	Extra arguments to pass to mysqlcheck.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db repair
Success: Database repaired.

wp db cli

Opens a MySQL console using credentials from wp-config.php

wp db cli [--database=<database>] [--default-character-set=<character-set>] [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--<field>=<value>]

OPTIONS

[--database=<database>]
	Use a specific database. Defaults to DB_NAME.

[--default-character-set=<character-set>]
	Use a specific character set. Defaults to DB_CHARSET when defined.

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--<field>=<value>]
	Extra arguments to pass to mysql.

EXAMPLES

# Open MySQL console
$ wp db cli
mysql>

wp db query

Executes a SQL query against the database.

wp db query [<sql>] [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--<field>=<value>]

Executes an arbitrary SQL query using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

OPTIONS

[<sql>]
	A SQL query. If not passed, will try to read from STDIN.

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--<field>=<value>]
	Extra arguments to pass to mysql.

EXAMPLES

# Execute a query stored in a file
$ wp db query < debug.sql

# Check all tables in the database
$ wp db query "CHECK TABLE $(wp db tables | paste -s -d, -);"
+---------------------------------------+-------+----------+----------+
| Table                                 | Op    | Msg_type | Msg_text |
+---------------------------------------+-------+----------+----------+
| wordpress_dbase.wp_users              | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_usermeta           | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_posts              | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_comments           | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_links              | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_options            | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_postmeta           | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_terms              | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_term_taxonomy      | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_term_relationships | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_termmeta           | check | status   | OK       |
| wordpress_dbase.wp_commentmeta        | check | status   | OK       |
+---------------------------------------+-------+----------+----------+

# Pass extra arguments through to MySQL
$ wp db query 'SELECT * FROM wp_options WHERE option_name="home"' --skip-column-names
+---+------+------------------------------+-----+
| 2 | home | http://wordpress-develop.dev | yes |
+---+------+------------------------------+-----+

wp db export

Exports the database to a file or to STDOUT.

wp db export [<file>] [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--<field>=<value>] [--tables=<tables>] [--exclude_tables=<tables>] [--porcelain]

Runs mysqldump utility using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php.

OPTIONS

[<file>]
	The name of the SQL file to export. If '-', then outputs to STDOUT. If
	omitted, it will be '{dbname}-{Y-m-d}-{random-hash}.sql'.

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysqldump. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysqldump. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--<field>=<value>]
	Extra arguments to pass to mysqldump.

[--tables=<tables>]
	The comma separated list of specific tables to export. Excluding this parameter will export all tables in the database.

[--exclude_tables=<tables>]
	The comma separated list of specific tables that should be skipped from exporting. Excluding this parameter will export all tables in the database.

[--porcelain]
	Output filename for the exported database.

EXAMPLES

# Export database with drop query included
$ wp db export --add-drop-table
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Export certain tables
$ wp db export --tables=wp_options,wp_users
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Export all tables matching a wildcard
$ wp db export --tables=$(wp db tables 'wp_user*' --format=csv)
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Export all tables matching prefix
$ wp db export --tables=$(wp db tables --all-tables-with-prefix --format=csv)
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Export certain posts without create table statements
$ wp db export --no-create-info=true --tables=wp_posts --where="ID in (100,101,102)"
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Export relating meta for certain posts without create table statements
$ wp db export --no-create-info=true --tables=wp_postmeta --where="post_id in (100,101,102)"
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Skip certain tables from the exported database
$ wp db export --exclude_tables=wp_options,wp_users
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Skip all tables matching a wildcard from the exported database
$ wp db export --exclude_tables=$(wp db tables 'wp_user*' --format=csv)
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Skip all tables matching prefix from the exported database
$ wp db export --exclude_tables=$(wp db tables --all-tables-with-prefix --format=csv)
Success: Exported to 'wordpress_dbase-db72bb5.sql'.

# Export database to STDOUT.
$ wp db export -
-- MySQL dump 10.13  Distrib 5.7.19, for osx10.12 (x86_64)
--
-- Host: localhost    Database: wpdev
-- ------------------------------------------------------
-- Server version	5.7.19
...

wp db import

Imports a database from a file or from STDIN.

wp db import [<file>] [--dbuser=<value>] [--dbpass=<value>] [--skip-optimization]

Runs SQL queries using DB_HOST, DB_NAME, DB_USER and DB_PASSWORD database credentials specified in wp-config.php. This does not create database by itself and only performs whatever tasks are defined in the SQL.

OPTIONS

[<file>]
	The name of the SQL file to import. If '-', then reads from STDIN. If omitted, it will look for '{dbname}.sql'.

[--dbuser=<value>]
	Username to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_USER.

[--dbpass=<value>]
	Password to pass to mysql. Defaults to DB_PASSWORD.

[--skip-optimization]
	When using an SQL file, do not include speed optimization such as disabling auto-commit and key checks.

EXAMPLES

# Import MySQL from a file.
$ wp db import wordpress_dbase.sql
Success: Imported from 'wordpress_dbase.sql'.

wp db search

Finds a string in the database.

wp db search <search> [<tables>...] [--network] [--all-tables-with-prefix] [--all-tables] [--before_context=<num>] [--after_context=<num>] [--regex] [--regex-flags=<regex-flags>] [--regex-delimiter=<regex-delimiter>] [--table_column_once] [--one_line] [--matches_only] [--stats] [--table_column_color=<color_code>] [--id_color=<color_code>] [--match_color=<color_code>]

Searches through all or a selection of database tables for a given string, Outputs colorized references to the string.

Defaults to searching through all tables registered to $wpdb. On multisite, this default is limited to the tables for the current site.

OPTIONS

<search>
	String to search for. The search is case-insensitive by default.

[<tables>...]
	One or more tables to search through for the string.

[--network]
	Search through all the tables registered to $wpdb in a multisite install.

[--all-tables-with-prefix]
	Search through all tables that match the registered table prefix, even if not registered on $wpdb. On one hand, sometimes plugins use tables without registering them to $wpdb. On another hand, this could return tables you don't expect. Overrides --network.

[--all-tables]
	Search through ALL tables in the database, regardless of the prefix, and even if not registered on $wpdb. Overrides --network and --all-tables-with-prefix.

[--before_context=<num>]
	Number of characters to display before the match.
	---
	default: 40
	---

[--after_context=<num>]
	Number of characters to display after the match.
	---
	default: 40
	---

[--regex]
	Runs the search as a regular expression (without delimiters). The search becomes case-sensitive (i.e. no PCRE flags are added). Delimiters must be escaped if they occur in the expression.

[--regex-flags=<regex-flags>]
	Pass PCRE modifiers to the regex search (e.g. 'i' for case-insensitivity).

[--regex-delimiter=<regex-delimiter>]
	The delimiter to use for the regex. It must be escaped if it appears in the search string. The default value is the result of `chr(1)`.

[--table_column_once]
	Output the 'table:column' line once before all matching row lines in the table column rather than before each matching row.

[--one_line]
	Place the 'table:column' output on the same line as the row id and match ('table:column:id:match'). Overrides --table_column_once.

[--matches_only]
	Only output the string matches (including context). No 'table:column's or row ids are outputted.

[--stats]
	Output stats on the number of matches found, time taken, tables/columns/rows searched, tables skipped.

[--table_column_color=<color_code>]
	Percent color code to use for the 'table:column' output. For a list of available percent color codes, see below. Default '%G' (bright green).

[--id_color=<color_code>]
	Percent color code to use for the row id output. For a list of available percent color codes, see below. Default '%Y' (bright yellow).

[--match_color=<color_code>]
	Percent color code to use for the match (unless both before and after context are 0, when no color code is used). For a list of available percent color codes, see below. Default '%3%k' (black on a mustard background).

The percent color codes available are:

Code Color
%y Yellow (dark) (mustard)
%g Green (dark)
%b Blue (dark)
%r Red (dark)
%m Magenta (dark)
%c Cyan (dark)
%w White (dark) (light gray)
%k Black
%Y Yellow (bright)
%G Green (bright)
%B Blue (bright)
%R Red (bright)
%M Magenta (bright)
%C Cyan (bright)
%W White
%K Black (bright) (dark gray)
%3 Yellow background (dark) (mustard)
%2 Green background (dark)
%4 Blue background (dark)
%1 Red background (dark)
%5 Magenta background (dark)
%6 Cyan background (dark)
%7 White background (dark) (light gray)
%0 Black background
%8 Reverse
%U Underline
%F Blink (unlikely to work)

They can be concatenated. For instance, the default match color of black on a mustard (dark yellow) background %3%k can be made black on a bright yellow background with %Y%0%8.

EXAMPLES

# Search through the database for the 'wordpress-develop' string
$ wp db search wordpress-develop
wp_options:option_value
1:http://wordpress-develop.dev
wp_options:option_value
1:http://example.com/foo
    ...

# Search through a multisite database on the subsite 'foo' for the 'example.com' string
$ wp db search example.com --url=example.com/foo
wp_2_comments:comment_author_url
1:http://example.com/
wp_2_options:option_value
    ...

# Search through the database for the 'https?://' regular expression, printing stats.
$ wp db search 'https?://' --regex --stats
wp_comments:comment_author_url
1:https://wordpress.org/
    ...
Success: Found 99146 matches in 10.752s (10.559s searching). Searched 12 tables, 53 columns, 1358907 rows. 1 table skipped: wp_term_relationships.

wp db tables

Lists the database tables.

wp db tables [<table>...] [--scope=<scope>] [--network] [--all-tables-with-prefix] [--all-tables] [--format=<format>]

Defaults to all tables registered to the $wpdb database handler.

OPTIONS

[<table>...]
	List tables based on wildcard search, e.g. 'wp_*_options' or 'wp_post?'.

[--scope=<scope>]
	Can be all, global, ms_global, blog, or old tables. Defaults to all.

[--network]
	List all the tables in a multisite install.

[--all-tables-with-prefix]
	List all tables that match the table prefix even if not registered on $wpdb. Overrides --network.

[--all-tables]
	List all tables in the database, regardless of the prefix, and even if not registered on $wpdb. Overrides --all-tables-with-prefix.

[--format=<format>]
	Render output in a particular format.
	---
	default: list
	options:
	  - list
	  - csv
	---

EXAMPLES

# List tables for a single site, without shared tables like 'wp_users'
$ wp db tables --scope=blog --url=sub.example.com
wp_3_posts
wp_3_comments
wp_3_options
wp_3_postmeta
wp_3_terms
wp_3_term_taxonomy
wp_3_term_relationships
wp_3_termmeta
wp_3_commentmeta

# Export only tables for a single site
$ wp db export --tables=$(wp db tables --url=sub.example.com --format=csv)
Success: Exported to wordpress_dbase.sql

wp db size

Displays the database name and size.

wp db size [--size_format] [--tables] [--format] [--scope=<scope>] [--network] [--all-tables-with-prefix] [--all-tables]

Display the database name and size for DB_NAME specified in wp-config.php. The size defaults to a human-readable number.

OPTIONS

[--size_format]
	Display the database size only, as a bare number.
	---
	default: b
	options:
	 - b (bytes)
	 - kb (kilobytes)
	 - mb (megabytes)
	 - gb (gigabytes)
	 - tb (terabytes)
	 - B   (ISO Byte setting, with no conversion)
	 - KB  (ISO Kilobyte setting, with 1 KB  = 1,000 B)
	 - KiB (ISO Kibibyte setting, with 1 KiB = 1,024 B)
	 - MB  (ISO Megabyte setting, with 1 MB  = 1,000 KB)
	 - MiB (ISO Mebibyte setting, with 1 MiB = 1,024 KiB)
	 - GB  (ISO Gigabyte setting, with 1 GB  = 1,000 MB)
	 - GiB (ISO Gibibyte setting, with 1 GiB = 1,024 MiB)
	 - TB  (ISO Terabyte setting, with 1 TB  = 1,000 GB)
	 - TiB (ISO Tebibyte setting, with 1 TiB = 1,024 GiB)
	 ---

[--tables]
	Display each table name and size instead of the database size.

[--format]
	table, csv, json
	---
	default: table
	options:
	  - table
	  - csv
	  - json
	---

[--scope=<scope>]
	Can be all, global, ms_global, blog, or old tables. Defaults to all.

[--network]
	List all the tables in a multisite install.

[--all-tables-with-prefix]
	List all tables that match the table prefix even if not registered on $wpdb. Overrides --network.

[--all-tables]
	List all tables in the database, regardless of the prefix, and even if not registered on $wpdb. Overrides --all-tables-with-prefix.

EXAMPLES

$ wp db size
+-------------------+------+
| Name              | Size |
+-------------------+------+
| wordpress_default | 6 MB |
+-------------------+------+

$ wp db size --tables
+-----------------------+-------+
| Name                  | Size  |
+-----------------------+-------+
| wp_users              | 64 KB |
| wp_usermeta           | 48 KB |
| wp_posts              | 80 KB |
| wp_comments           | 96 KB |
| wp_links              | 32 KB |
| wp_options            | 32 KB |
| wp_postmeta           | 48 KB |
| wp_terms              | 48 KB |
| wp_term_taxonomy      | 48 KB |
| wp_term_relationships | 32 KB |
| wp_termmeta           | 48 KB |
| wp_commentmeta        | 48 KB |
+-----------------------+-------+

$ wp db size --size_format=b
5865472

$ wp db size --size_format=kb
5728

$ wp db size --size_format=mb
6

wp db columns

Displays information about a given table.

wp db columns [<table>] [--format]

OPTIONS

[<table>]
	Name of the database table.

[--format]
	Render output in a particular format.
	---
	default: table
	options:
	  - table
	  - csv
	  - json
	  - yaml
	---

EXAMPLES

$ wp db columns wp_posts
+-----------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------------------+----------------+
|         Field         |        Type         | Null | Key |       Default       |     Extra      |
+-----------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------------------+----------------+
| ID                    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI |                     | auto_increment |
| post_author           | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0                   |                |
| post_date             | datetime            | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |                |
| post_date_gmt         | datetime            | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |                |
| post_content          | longtext            | NO   |     |                     |                |
| post_title            | text                | NO   |     |                     |                |
| post_excerpt          | text                | NO   |     |                     |                |
| post_status           | varchar(20)         | NO   |     | publish             |                |
| comment_status        | varchar(20)         | NO   |     | open                |                |
| ping_status           | varchar(20)         | NO   |     | open                |                |
| post_password         | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |                     |                |
| post_name             | varchar(200)        | NO   | MUL |                     |                |
| to_ping               | text                | NO   |     |                     |                |
| pinged                | text                | NO   |     |                     |                |
| post_modified         | datetime            | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |                |
| post_modified_gmt     | datetime            | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |                |
| post_content_filtered | longtext            | NO   |     |                     |                |
| post_parent           | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0                   |                |
| guid                  | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |                     |                |
| menu_order            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0                   |                |
| post_type             | varchar(20)         | NO   | MUL | post                |                |
| post_mime_type        | varchar(100)        | NO   |     |                     |                |
| comment_count         | bigint(20)          | NO   |     | 0                   |                |
+-----------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------------------+----------------+

Installing

This package is included with WP-CLI itself, no additional installation necessary.

To install the latest version of this package over what's included in WP-CLI, run:

wp package install git@github.com:wp-cli/db-command.git

Contributing

We appreciate you taking the initiative to contribute to this project.

Contributing isn’t limited to just code. We encourage you to contribute in the way that best fits your abilities, by writing tutorials, giving a demo at your local meetup, helping other users with their support questions, or revising our documentation.

For a more thorough introduction, check out WP-CLI's guide to contributing. This package follows those policy and guidelines.

Reporting a bug

Think you’ve found a bug? We’d love for you to help us get it fixed.

Before you create a new issue, you should search existing issues to see if there’s an existing resolution to it, or if it’s already been fixed in a newer version.

Once you’ve done a bit of searching and discovered there isn’t an open or fixed issue for your bug, please create a new issue. Include as much detail as you can, and clear steps to reproduce if possible. For more guidance, review our bug report documentation.

Creating a pull request

Want to contribute a new feature? Please first open a new issue to discuss whether the feature is a good fit for the project.

Once you've decided to commit the time to seeing your pull request through, please follow our guidelines for creating a pull request to make sure it's a pleasant experience. See "Setting up" for details specific to working on this package locally.

Support

Github issues aren't for general support questions, but there are other venues you can try: https://wp-cli.org/#support

This README.md is generated dynamically from the project's codebase using wp scaffold package-readme (doc). To suggest changes, please submit a pull request against the corresponding part of the codebase.