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DOjS

A DOS JavaScript Canvas with sound.

DOjS is a JavaScript programming environment for systems running MS-DOS, FreeDOS or any DOS based Windows (like 95, 98, ME). It features an integrated editor, graphics & sound output, mouse/keyboard/joystick input and more (see below). It was inspired by Processing which is described on Wikipedia as:

Processing is an open-source graphical library and integrated development environment (IDE) / playground built for the electronic arts, new media art, and visual design communities with the purpose of teaching non-programmers the fundamentals of computer programming in a visual context.

It also has a p5js compatibility mode where some of the functions of p5js are available and scripts can have a similar structure to Processing sketches.

You can type in a script with the builtin or your favorite text editor and then run it on a DOS command prompt.

DOjS is pronounces like doge, but ending with an "s".

DOjS was only possible due to the work of these people/projects:

Contact

You can find me on Twitter, Mastodon or in the DOjS Discord if you want...

Download and quick start

You can find binary releases on the GitHub release page. Just extract the contents of the archive and run DOjS.exe.

DOjS runs in Dosbox and on real hardware or a virtual machine with MS-DOS, FreeDOS or any DOS based Windows like Windows 95/98/ME. To use 3Dfx/Glide support you need a Voodoo card or DOSBox-X (see below).

If you run it on real hardware you need at least a 80386 with 4MB. I recommend a Pentium class machine (>= 100MHz) with at least 32MB RAM. The example files run fine on an Athlon 1GHz and with 256MB RAM.

The following hardware/functions are available:

  • 8/16/24 and 32 bit 2D graphics. On 24/32bit display modes alpha channel transparency is available.
  • BMP, PCX, TGA and PNG image reading and writing, JPEG and SVG loading
  • GRX font loading and rendering
  • Keyboard input
  • Mouse input
  • Joystick/Joyport input
  • File IO
  • MIDI output
  • WAV output
  • Audio input/sampling
  • Allegro 3D rendering (software)
  • 3dfx/Glide3 3D rendering output (hardware)
  • p5js compatibility
  • direct io-port access (inb, outb, etc)
  • LPT or parallel port access (bi-directional)
  • COM or serial port access
  • IPX and TCP/IP networking
  • ZIP file access
  • GIF-Animation, FLC/FLI, MPEG1 or OggVorbis playback

Examples

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

DOjS example

A minimal script

You can find the following example in examples/exampl.js:

/*
** This function is called once when the script is started.
*/
function Setup() {
    pink = new Color(241, 66, 244, 255); // define the color pink
}

/*
** This function is called repeatedly until ESC is pressed or Stop() is called.
*/
function Loop() {
    ClearScreen(EGA.BLACK);
    TextXY(SizeX() / 2, SizeY() / 2, "Hello World!", pink, NO_COLOR);

    TextXY(10, 10, "rate=" + GetFramerate(), EGA.BLACK, EGA.LIGHT_BLUE);
}

/*
** This function is called on any input.
*/
function Input(event) {
    str = JSON.stringify(event);
}

Open this script with DOjS.EXE examples\exampl.js or use DOjS.EXE -r examples\exampl.js to run it without starting the integrated editor first. If the script does not exist the editor loads the template for a new script.

p5js compatibility

If you want to write scripts using the syntax of p5js you need to use Include('p5'); as first line of your script. You can find the following example in examples/examplp5.js:

Include('p5');

/*
** This function is called once when the script is started.
*/
function setup() {
    pink = color(241, 66, 244); // define the color pink
}

/*
** This function is called repeatedly until ESC is pressed or Stop() is called.
*/
function draw() {
    background(EGA.BLACK);
    stroke(pink);
    fill(pink);
    text("Hello p5js World!", width / 2, height / 2);

    stroke(EGA.LIGHT_BLUE);
    fill(EGA.LIGHT_BLUE);
    text("rate=" + getFrameRate(), 10, 10);
}

More info can be found at the end of this README in the section Usage and in the API documentation. Take a look at the examples/ as well.

additional packages

DOjS has a very simple integrated package manager (DPM). It can be started with DPM.BAT. A working packet driver is needed to connect to the package index and download packages using HTTPS. Packages (and the package index) are fetched from the DOjS/jSH package repository. Downloaded packages are put into JSBOOT.ZIP in the PACKAGE/ directory. Feel free to submit any packages you want to include in that repository using a pull request. DPM commands:

  • installed - list installed packages.
  • remove - remove package.
  • fetch - fetch package index from server.
  • install - install a package (and its dependencies) from package index.
  • list - list available packages in index.
  • setindex - set index URL (HTTP or HTTPS).
  • help - this help.;
  • quit - exit dpm.

3dfx/Glide support

DOjS supports most of the Glide3 API that was used with 3dfx accelerator cards. The following hardware is supported:

  • Voodoo 1 [tested]
  • Voodoo 2 [tested]
  • Voodoo 3 [tested]
  • Voodoo 4 [tested by tunguska]
  • Voodoo 5 [tested by tunguska]
  • Voodoo Rush (all versions) [tested]
  • Voodoo Banshee (PCI and AGP) [tested]

Additionally you can use DOSBox-X which emulates a Voodoo 1 card. Glide functions can be found in the 3dfx-module in the documentation, Javascript support functions have a "FX" prefix, all native functions are prefixed with "fx". Detailed Glide3-API documentation can be found on the internet, e.g. on FalconFly Central. Make sure you grab the Glide3 SDK and not Glide2!

You can use the included DOS version of TEXUS.EXE to convert bitmaps to 3df texture files that can be loaded as textures.

!!! Attention !!! 3dfx/Glide3 support ONLY works in plain DOS, NOT in the DOS/command window of Windows 9x! Be sure to always boot into a pure DOS prompt before trying to use any of the fx-functions! Before using 3dfx/Glide3 support you need to copy the appropriate GLIDE3X.DXE into the same directory as DOJS.EXE. You can do so by using the V_XXX.BAT scripts in the distribution ZIP archive.

Compilation

You can compile DOjS on any modern Linux (the instructions below are for Debian based distributions) or on Windows 10 using Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). Setup Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) according to this guide (I used Ubuntu 18.04 LTS).

Preparation

Build and install DJGPP 7.2.0 according to this guide. Install NVM. I used the following command lines to update/install my dependencies:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get install bison flex curl gcc g++ make texinfo zlib1g-dev g++ unzip htop screen git bash-completion build-essential zip dos2unix python3
nvm install node
npm install -g jsdoc
npm install -g better-docs

And the following commands to build and install DJGPP to /home/ilu/djgpp.:

git clone https://github.com/andrewwutw/build-djgpp.git
cd build-djgpp
export DJGPP_PREFIX=/home/ilu/djgpp
./build-djgpp.sh 7.2.0

Getting & Compiling DOjS

Open a shell/command line in the directory where you want the source to reside.

Checkout DOjS from Github:

git clone https://github.com/SuperIlu/DOjS.git

Make sure DJGPP is in your PATH and DJDIR is set (e.g. I have these lines in my ~/.profile):

# DJGPP
export PATH=/home/ilu/djgpp/bin/:/home/ilu/djgpp/i586-pc-msdosdjgpp/bin/:$PATH
export DJDIR=/home/ilu/djgpp/

If you used Windows-Tools to check out DOjS from git you may need to fix the newlines of the shell scripts by using make fixnewlines.

Now you are ready to compile DOjS with make clean all. This might take some time as the dependencies are quite large. make distclean will clean dependencies as well. make zip will create the distribution ZIP and make doc will re-create the HTML help.

Notes

3dfx/Glide3

In order to compile DOjS you need Glide3 includes and binaries. The ones included with the DOjS sources were created using my glide repository on GitHub.

GRX Fonts

DOjS comes pre-bundled with all fonts included with GRX (files ending with ".FNT"). If you want/need additional fonts you can find a very simple tool to convert TTF/BDF fonts to GRX format here. Results may vary... A minimal version capable of converting BDF fonts to FNT is included with DOjS (FONTCONV.EXE). You can find information on how to convert a TTF to BDF here.

Live coding

If you run DOjS on a computer with network interface and a matching packet driver you can (sort of) live code using the VSCode extension in vscode\livedojs-0.0.4.vsix. You need to start DOjS -r examples/websvr.js and then set the IP address in VSCode using the command DOjS: Set hostname. Live coding sketches must look like below to work:

// livedojs
exports.Setup = function () {
}

exports.Loop = function () {
    ClearScreen(EGA.BLACK);

    FilledBox(10, 10, 70, 20, EGA.GREEN);
}
  • The first line must be exactly // livedojs
  • The file must end with .js
  • Only Setup() and Loop() are available, Input() does not work.
  • p5js compatibility does not work, you must code using DOjS native API
  • If the hostname is set the sketch will be automatically be uploaded on save
  • The sketch can be uploaded using DOjS: Upload sketch manually
  • you can access the JSLOG.TXT of the running server by using DOjS: get logfile

History

See the changelog for the projects history.

Planed work

Licenses

See LICENSE file for all licenses.

DOjS

All code from me is released under MIT license.

MuJS

MuJS is released under ISC license. See COPYING in the MuJS folder for details.

Allegro

Allegro 4 is released under the Giftware license (https://liballeg.org/license.html).

GRX fonts

The GRX fonts are under MIT and other licenses. See copying.grx in LICENSE for details. The converted fonts from the Linux Font Project are in the public domain.

IPX and dosbuffer sub-system

This code is taken from the game Cylindrix by Hotwarez LLC, Goldtree Enterprises. It was released under GPLv2.

CWSDPMI.EXE

CWSDPMI DPMI host is licensed under GPL. The documentation states:

The files in this binary distribution may be redistributed under the GPL (with source) or without the source code provided.

3dfx/Glide3

The code is licensed under "3DFX GLIDE Source Code General Public License". Source code is available at https://github.com/SuperIlu/glide

DZComm

DZComm serial library is release as gift-ware. See readme.txt in the dzcomm folder for details.

Logo

The DOjS logo dog was downloaded from Pexels and kindly provided by Iago Garcia Garcia.

The logo font is Comic relief by Jeff Davis provided under SIL OPEN FONT LICENSE Version 1.1.

WAVs

All WAV files were downloaded from BigSoundBank and are licensed under WTFPL

MIDs

The MIDI files were downloaded from the FreeDOOM project and are licensed under this license.

p5js and examples

p5js is is released under LGPL.

The examples are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

zlib

zlib is released under zlib license.

alpng

Copyright (c) 2006 Michal Molhanec

This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the use of this software.

Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose, including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it freely, subject to the following restrictions:

  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be appreciated but is not required.

  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be misrepresented as being the original software.

  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.

zip code

See UNLICENSE in zip directory.

WATTCP

See manual.txt in watt32 directory.

OpenSSL

The OpenSSL toolkit stays under a double license, i.e. both the conditions of the OpenSSL License and the original SSLeay license apply to the toolkit.

cURL

See COPYING in curl directory.

genann

See LICENSE in neural.dxelib.

sqlite

See LICENSE.md in sqlite.dxelib.

libcpuid

See COPYING in cpuid.dxelib.

nanosvg

See LICENSE.txt in nanosvg.dxelib.

noise

See LICENSE.md in noise.dxelib.

nanojpeg

See nanojpeg.c in jpeg.dxelib.

nanojpeg

See LICENSE in gifanim.dxelib.

Usage

Command line

Usage: DOjS.EXE [<flags>] <script> [script parameters]
    -r             : Do not invoke the editor, just run the script.
    -l             : Use 50-line mode in the editor.
    -w <width>     : Screen width: 320 or 640, Default: 640.
    -b <bpp>       : Bit per pixel:8, 16, 24, 32. Default: 32.
    -s             : No wave sound.
    -f             : No FM sound.
    -a             : Disable alpha (speeds up rendering).
    -x             : Allow raw disk write (CAUTION!)
    -t             : Disable TCP-stack
    -n             : Disable JSLOG.TXT.
    -j <file>      : Redirect JSLOG.TXT to <file>.

dojs.ini

All command line options can also be provided in dojs.ini (which is read at startup from the current directory). See the included example for details.

Editor keys

    F1        : Open/Close help
    SHIFT-F1  : Function context help
    F3        : Save script
    F4        : Run script
    F7        : Find text
    F9        : Show/Close logfile
    F10       : Quit

    Shift-F4       : Truncate logfile and run script
    Shift-F7       : Find again
    CTRL-D         : Delete current line
    SHIFT+Movement : Select text, releasing SHIFT deselects
    CTRL-C         : Copy selection
    CTRL-X         : Cut selection
    CTRL-V         : Paste
    CTRL-LEFT      : Previous word
    CTRL-RIGHT     : Next word
    CTRL/PAGE-UP   : One page up
    CTRL/PAGE-DOWN : One page down
    HOME           : Go to start of line
    END            : Go to end of line
    CTRL-HOME      : Go to start of line
    CTRL-END       : Go to end of line
    TAB            : Insert spaces until next TAB-stop at cursor
    SHIFT-TAB      : Reduce indentation of line

    TAB size is 4.
    The help viewer will remember the current position.

    The logfile can be truncated by pressing DEL in the log viewer.

Scripts and resources

Scripts, as well as resources can either be stored in the file system or in ZIP files. To load data from a zip file the format is <ZIP filename>=<ZIP entry name> (e.g. data.zip=mypic.bmp). DOjS can be started with a script, a script in a ZIP file or no parameters. If the script was loaded from a ZIP file the running script can obtain resources from the same ZIP file by using ZipPrefix() to obtain paths refering to that ZIP. If the script was not started from a ZIP ZipPrefix() just passes through the file name (thus loading the file from HDD). If no arameters are supplied DOjS will first try to load <name of the EXE>.ZIP=MAIN.JS and then JSBOOT.ZIP=MAIN.JS. Examples:

  • DOJS.EXE -r script.js will start script.js from the HDD, ZipPrefix("pic.bmp") will yield pic.bmp.
  • DOJS.EXE -r data.zip=script.js will start script.js from the ZIP file data.zip, ZipPrefix("pic.bmp") will yield data.zip=pic.bmp.
  • HURTZ.EXE DOjS was renamed to HURTZ.EXE. It will start MAIN.JS from the ZIP file HURTZ.ZIP, ZipPrefix("pic.bmp") will yield HURTZ.ZIP=pic.bmp.
  • DOJS.EXE The script was added to JSBOOT.ZIP. DOjS will start MAIN.JS from the ZIP file JSBOOT.ZIP, ZipPrefix("pic.bmp") will yield JSBOOT.ZIP=pic.bmp.

API documentation

You can find the full API doc in the doc/html/ directory. Go to the p5.js hompage for p5.js reference.

Script format

Scripts need to provide three functions: Setup(), Loop() and Input(). Scripts are loaded and executed top-own. After that Setup() is called once and then Loop() repeatedly. Input() is called whenever mouse of keyboard input happens.

Setup()

This function is called once at startup. It can initialize variables, setup hardware, etc.

Loop()

This function is called after setup repeatedly until Stop() is called. After calling Stop() the program ends when Loop() exits.

Input(event)

This function is called whenever mouse/keyboard input happens.

IPX networking

DOjS supports IPX networking. Node addresses are arrays of 6 numbers between 0-255. Default socket number and broadcast address definitions can be found in jsboot/ipx.js.

Drawing functions

See API doc for details.

Processing/p5js compatibility layer

Add Include('p5'); as first line to your script. After that you have (limited) p5.js compatibility. Things that don't work:

  • Anything 3D (objects, lights camera, etc)
  • Key release events work different for Allegro and are simulated for p5js.
  • Only simple vertices are supported.
  • no DOM

Logfile

All output via Print() and Println() is sent to the file JSLOG.TXT. You can use Debug() instead and output is only generated when you set the global variable DEBUG=true.

Remote logging/debugging

This feature allows you to debug a running script via IPX networking and a second machine. To use remote logging do the following:

  • Put both machines on the same network.
  • Run DOJS.EXE -r JSBOOT\LOGVIEW.JS on one machine.
  • Enable debugging by setting DEBUG=true and enable remote debugging by REMOTE_DEBUG=true. You can either modify JSBOOT\FUNC.JS or change the variables at the very beginning of your script.

This works fine with two instances of DOSBox as well. Please note that if the log messages are transmitted to fast the receiving instance of DOJS might skip some of these when displaying.