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html-react-parser

NPM

NPM version Build Status codecov NPM downloads Discord

HTML to React parser that works on both the server (Node.js) and the client (browser):

HTMLReactParser(string[, options])

The parser converts an HTML string to one or more React elements.

To replace an element with another element, check out the replace option.

Example

const parse = require('html-react-parser');
parse('<p>Hello, World!</p>'); // React.createElement('p', {}, 'Hello, World!')

Replit | JSFiddle | CodeSandbox | TypeScript | Examples

Table of Contents

Install

NPM:

npm install html-react-parser --save

Yarn:

yarn add html-react-parser

CDN:

<!-- HTMLReactParser depends on React -->
<script src="https://unpkg.com/react@18/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://unpkg.com/html-react-parser@latest/dist/html-react-parser.min.js"></script>
<script>
  window.HTMLReactParser(/* string */);
</script>

Usage

Import or require the module:

// ES Modules
import parse from 'html-react-parser';

// CommonJS
const parse = require('html-react-parser');

Parse single element:

parse('<h1>single</h1>');

Parse multiple elements:

parse('<li>Item 1</li><li>Item 2</li>');

Make sure to render parsed adjacent elements under a parent element:

<ul>
  {parse(`
    <li>Item 1</li>
    <li>Item 2</li>
  `)}
</ul>

Parse nested elements:

parse('<body><p>Lorem ipsum</p></body>');

Parse element with attributes:

parse(
  '<hr id="foo" class="bar" data-attr="baz" custom="qux" style="top:42px;">'
);

replace

The replace option allows you to replace an element with another element.

The replace callback's first argument is domhandler's node:

parse('<br>', {
  replace: domNode => {
    console.dir(domNode, { depth: null });
  }
});

Console output:

Element {
  type: 'tag',
  parent: null,
  prev: null,
  next: null,
  startIndex: null,
  endIndex: null,
  children: [],
  name: 'br',
  attribs: {}
}

The element is replaced if a valid React element is returned:

parse('<p id="replace">text</p>', {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode.attribs && domNode.attribs.id === 'replace') {
      return <span>replaced</span>;
    }
  }
});

replace with TypeScript

For TypeScript projects, you may need to check that domNode is an instance of domhandler's Element:

import { HTMLReactParserOptions, Element } from 'html-react-parser';

const options: HTMLReactParserOptions = {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode instanceof Element && domNode.attribs) {
      // ...
    }
  }
};

If you're having issues take a look at our Create React App example.

replace element and children

Replace the element and its children (see demo):

import parse, { domToReact } from 'html-react-parser';

const html = `
  <p id="main">
    <span class="prettify">
      keep me and make me pretty!
    </span>
  </p>
`;

const options = {
  replace: ({ attribs, children }) => {
    if (!attribs) {
      return;
    }

    if (attribs.id === 'main') {
      return <h1 style={{ fontSize: 42 }}>{domToReact(children, options)}</h1>;
    }

    if (attribs.class === 'prettify') {
      return (
        <span style={{ color: 'hotpink' }}>
          {domToReact(children, options)}
        </span>
      );
    }
  }
};

parse(html, options);

HTML output:

<h1 style="font-size:42px">
  <span style="color:hotpink">
    keep me and make me pretty!
  </span>
</h1>

replace element attributes

Convert DOM attributes to React props with attributesToProps:

import parse, { attributesToProps } from 'html-react-parser';

const html = `
  <main class="prettify" style="background: #fff; text-align: center;" />
`;

const options = {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode.attribs && domNode.name === 'main') {
      const props = attributesToProps(domNode.attribs);
      return <div {...props} />;
    }
  }
};

parse(html, options);

HTML output:

<div class="prettify" style="background:#fff;text-align:center"></div>

replace and remove element

Exclude an element from rendering by replacing it with <React.Fragment>:

parse('<p><br id="remove"></p>', {
  replace: ({ attribs }) => attribs && attribs.id === 'remove' && <></>
});

HTML output:

<p></p>

library

The library option specifies the UI library. The default library is React.

To use Preact:

parse('<br>', {
  library: require('preact')
});

Or a custom library:

parse('<br>', {
  library: {
    cloneElement: () => {
      /* ... */
    },
    createElement: () => {
      /* ... */
    },
    isValidElement: () => {
      /* ... */
    }
  }
});

htmlparser2

htmlparser2 options do not work on the client-side (browser) and only works on the server-side (Node.js). By overriding htmlparser2 options, universal rendering can break.

Default htmlparser2 options can be overridden in >=0.12.0.

To enable xmlMode:

parse('<p /><p />', {
  htmlparser2: {
    xmlMode: true
  }
});

trim

By default, whitespace is preserved:

parse('<br>\n'); // [React.createElement('br'), '\n']

But certain elements like <table> will strip out invalid whitespace:

parse('<table>\n</table>'); // React.createElement('table')

To remove whitespace, enable the trim option:

parse('<br>\n', { trim: true }); // React.createElement('br')

However, intentional whitespace may be stripped out:

parse('<p> </p>', { trim: true }); // React.createElement('p')

Migration

v2.0.0

Since v2.0.0, Internet Explorer (IE) is no longer supported.

v1.0.0

TypeScript projects will need to update the types in v1.0.0.

For the replace option, you may need to do the following:

import { Element } from 'domhandler/lib/node';

parse('<br class="remove">', {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode instanceof Element && domNode.attribs.class === 'remove') {
      return <></>;
    }
  }
});

Since v1.1.1, Internet Explorer 9 (IE9) is no longer supported.

FAQ

Is this XSS safe?

No, this library is not XSS (cross-site scripting) safe. See #94.

Does invalid HTML get sanitized?

No, this library does not sanitize HTML. See #124, #125, and #141.

Are <script> tags parsed?

Although <script> tags and their contents are rendered on the server-side, they're not evaluated on the client-side. See #98.

Attributes aren't getting called

The reason why your HTML attributes aren't getting called is because inline event handlers (e.g., onclick) are parsed as a string rather than a function. See #73.

Parser throws an error

If the parser throws an erorr, check if your arguments are valid. See "Does invalid HTML get sanitized?".

Is SSR supported?

Yes, server-side rendering on Node.js is supported by this library. See demo.

Elements aren't nested correctly

If your elements are nested incorrectly, check to make sure your HTML markup is valid. The HTML to DOM parsing will be affected if you're using self-closing syntax (/>) on non-void elements:

parse('<div /><div />'); // returns single element instead of array of elements

See #158.

Don't change case of tags

Tags are lowercased by default. To prevent that from happening, pass the htmlparser2 option:

const options = {
  htmlparser2: {
    lowerCaseTags: false
  }
};
parse('<CustomElement>', options); // React.createElement('CustomElement')

Warning: By preserving case-sensitivity of the tags, you may get rendering warnings like:

Warning: <CustomElement> is using incorrect casing. Use PascalCase for React components, or lowercase for HTML elements.

See #62 and example.

TS Error: Property 'attribs' does not exist on type 'DOMNode'

The TypeScript error occurs because DOMNode needs be an instance of domhandler's Element. See migration or #199.

Can I enable trim for certain elements?

Yes, you can enable or disable trim for certain elements using the replace option. See #205.

Webpack build warnings

If you see the Webpack build warning:

export 'default' (imported as 'parse') was not found in 'html-react-parser'

Then update your Webpack config to:

// webpack.config.js
module.exports = {
  // ...
  resolve: {
    mainFields: ['browser', 'main', 'module']
  }
};

See #238 and #213.

Performance

Run benchmark:

npm run test:benchmark

Output of benchmark run on MacBook Pro 2017:

html-to-react - Single x 415,186 ops/sec ±0.92% (85 runs sampled)
html-to-react - Multiple x 139,780 ops/sec ±2.32% (87 runs sampled)
html-to-react - Complex x 8,118 ops/sec ±2.99% (82 runs sampled)

Run Size Limit:

npx size-limit

Contributors

Code Contributors

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute. [Contribute].

Code Contributors

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Become a financial contributor and help us sustain our community. [Contribute]

Individuals

Financial Contributors - Individuals

Organizations

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Support

License

MIT