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master builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Centec Centec(arm64) Innovium Mellanox Marvell(armhf) Marvell(arm64) Nephos VS

202305 builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Centec Centec(arm64) Innovium Mellanox Marvell(armhf) Nephos VS

202211 builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Centec Centec(arm64) Innovium Mellanox Marvell(armhf) Nephos VS

202205 builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Centec Centec(arm64) Innovium Mellanox Marvell(armhf) Nephos VS

202111 builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Centec Centec(arm64) Innovium Mellanox Marvell(armhf) Nephos VS

202012 builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Centec Centec(arm64) Innovium Marvell(armhf) Mellanox Nephos VS

201911 builds:

Barefoot Broadcom Innovium Mellanox Nephos VS

201811 builds:

Broadcom Mellanox Innovium Nephos VS


Build SONiC Switch Images


Following are the instructions on how to build an (ONIE) compatible network operating system (NOS) installer image for network switches, and also how to build docker images running inside the NOS. Note that SONiC images are build per ASIC platform. Switches using the same ASIC platform share a common image. For a list of supported switches and ASIC, please refer to this list


Any server can be a build image server as long as it has:

  • Multiple cores to increase build speed
  • Plenty of RAM (less than 8 GiB is likely to cause issues)
  • 300G of free disk space
  • KVM Virtualization Support.

Note: If you are in a VM, make sure you have support for nested virtualization. Some cases (e.g. building OVS image) also requires extra configuration options to expose the full KVM interface to the VM (e.g. the KVM paravirtualization support on VirtualBox).

A good choice of OS for building SONiC is currently Ubuntu 20.04.


  • Install pip and jinja in host build machine, execute below commands if j2/j2cli is not available:
sudo apt install -y python3-pip
pip3 install --user j2cli
  • Install Docker and configure your system to allow running the 'docker' command without 'sudo':
    • Add current user to the docker group: sudo gpasswd -a ${USER} docker
    • Log out and log back in so that your group membership is re-evaluated
    • If you are using Linux kernel 5.3 or newer, then you must use Docker 20.10.10 or newer. This is because older Docker versions did not allow the clone3 syscall, which is now used in Bookworm.

Note: If a previous installation of Docker using snap was present on the system, remove it and also remove docker from snap before reinstallating docker. This will avoid known bugs that falsely report read-only filesystems issues during the build process.

Clone the repository with all the git submodules

To clone the code repository recursively:

git clone --recurse-submodules


To build SONiC installer image and docker images, run the following commands:

# Ensure the 'overlay' module is loaded on your development system
sudo modprobe overlay

# Enter the source directory
cd sonic-buildimage

# (Optional) Checkout a specific branch. By default, it uses master branch.
# For example, to checkout the branch 201911, use "git checkout 201911"
git checkout [branch_name]

# Execute make init once after cloning the repo,
# or after fetching remote repo with submodule updates
make init

# Execute make configure once to configure ASIC
make configure PLATFORM=[ASIC_VENDOR]

# Build SONiC image with 4 jobs in parallel.
# Note: You can set this higher, but 4 is a good number for most cases
#       and is well-tested.

The supported ASIC vendors are:

  • PLATFORM=barefoot
  • PLATFORM=broadcom
  • PLATFORM=marvell
  • PLATFORM=mellanox
  • PLATFORM=cavium
  • PLATFORM=centec
  • PLATFORM=nephos
  • PLATFORM=innovium

Usage for ARM Architecture

sudo apt-get install --allow-downgrades -y docker-ce=5:18.09.0~3-0~ubuntu-xenial
sudo apt-get install --allow-downgrades -y docker-ce-cli=5:18.09.0~3-0~ubuntu-xenial

To build Arm32 bit for (ARMHF) platform

# Execute make configure once to configure ASIC and ARCH
make target/sonic-[ASIC_VENDER]-armhf.bin


make configure PLATFORM=marvell PLATFORM_ARCH=armhf
make target/sonic-marvell-armhf.bin

To build Arm32 bit for (ARMHF) Marvell platform on amd64 host for debian buster using cross-compilation, run the following commands:

# Execute make configure once to configure ASIC and ARCH for cross-compilation build

make configure PLATFORM=marvell PLATFORM_ARCH=armhf

# Execute Arm32 build using cross-compilation environment

NOJESSIE=1 NOSTRETCH=1 BLDENV=buster CROSS_BLDENV=1 make target/sonic-marvell-armhf.bin

Running the above Arm32 build using cross-compilation instead of qemu emulator drastically reduces the build time.

To build Arm64 bit for platform

# Execute make configure once to configure ASIC and ARCH


# example:

make configure PLATFORM=marvell PLATFORM_ARCH=arm64


  • Recommend reserving at least 100G free space to build one platform with a single job. The build process will use more disk if you are setting SONIC_BUILD_JOBS to more than 1.

  • If Docker's workspace folder, /var/lib/docker, resides on a partition without sufficient free space, you may encounter an error like the following during a Docker container build job:

    /usr/bin/tar: /path/to/sonic-buildimage/<some_file>: Cannot write: No space left on device

    The solution is to move the directory to a partition with more free space.

  • Use http_proxy=[your_proxy] https_proxy=[your_proxy] no_proxy=[your_no_proxy] make to enable http(s) proxy in the build process.

  • Add your user account to docker group and use your user account to make. root or sudo are not supported.

The SONiC installer contains all docker images needed. SONiC uses one image for all devices of a same ASIC vendor.

For Broadcom ASIC, we build ONIE and EOS image. EOS image is used for Arista devices, ONIE image is used for all other Broadcom ASIC based devices.

make configure PLATFORM=broadcom
# build debian stretch required targets
BLDENV=stretch make stretch
# build ONIE image
make target/sonic-broadcom.bin
# build EOS image
make target/sonic-aboot-broadcom.swi

You may find the rules/config file useful. It contains configuration options for the build process, like adding more verbosity or showing dependencies, username and password for base image etc.

Every docker image is built and saved to target/ directory. So, for instance, to build only docker-database, execute:

make target/docker-database.gz

Same goes for debian packages, which are under target/debs/:

make target/debs/swss_1.0.0_amd64.deb

Every target has a clean target, so in order to clean swss, execute:

make target/debs/swss_1.0.0_amd64.deb-clean

It is recommended to use clean targets to clean all packages that are built together, like dev packages for instance. In order to be more familiar with build process and make some changes to it, it is recommended to read this short Documentation.

Build debug dockers and debug SONiC installer image

SONiC build system supports building dockers and ONIE-image with debug tools and debug symbols, to help with live & core debugging. For details refer to SONiC Buildimage Guide.

SAI Version

Please refer to SONiC roadmap on the SAI version for each SONiC release.


  • If you are running make for the first time, a sonic-slave-${USER} docker image will be built automatically. This may take a while, but it is a one-time action, so please be patient.
  • The root user account is disabled. However, the created user can sudo.
  • The target directory is ./target, containing the NOS installer image and docker images.
    • sonic-generic.bin: SONiC switch installer image (ONIE compatible)
    • sonic-aboot.bin: SONiC switch installer image (Aboot compatible)
    • docker-base.gz: base docker image where other docker images are built from, only used in build process (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-database.gz: docker image for in-memory key-value store, used as inter-process communication (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-fpm.gz: docker image for quagga with fpm module enabled (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-orchagent.gz: docker image for SWitch State Service (SWSS) (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-syncd-brcm.gz: docker image for the daemon to sync database and Broadcom switch ASIC (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-syncd-cavm.gz: docker image for the daemon to sync database and Cavium switch ASIC (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-syncd-mlnx.gz: docker image for the daemon to sync database and Mellanox switch ASIC (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-syncd-nephos.gz: docker image for the daemon to sync database and Nephos switch ASIC (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-syncd-invm.gz: docker image for the daemon to sync database and Innovium switch ASIC (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-sonic-p4.gz: docker image for all-in-one for p4 software switch (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-sonic-vs.gz: docker image for all-in-one for software virtual switch (gzip tar archive)
    • docker-sonic-mgmt.gz: docker image for managing, configuring and monitoring SONiC (gzip tar archive)

SONiC Image Azure Pipelines

All SONiC project build pipeline could be found at Download Portal for SONiC Images

Contribution Guide

All contributors must sign a contribution license agreement before contributions can be accepted. Visit EasyCLA - Linux Foundation.

GitHub Workflow

We're following basic GitHub Flow. If you have no idea what we're talking about, check out GitHub's official guide. Note that merge is only performed by the repository maintainer.

Guide for performing commits:

  • Isolate each commit to one component/bugfix/issue/feature
  • Use a standard commit message format:

[component/folder touched]: Description intent of your changes

[List of changes]

Signed-off-by: Your Name

For example:

swss-common: Stabilize the ConsumerTable

  • Fixing autoreconf
  • Fixing unit-tests by adding checkers and initialize the DB before start
  • Adding the ability to select from multiple channels
  • Health-Monitor - The idea of the patch is that if something went wrong with the notification channel, we will have the option to know about it (Query the LLEN table length).

Signed-off-by: user@dev.null

  • Each developer should fork this repository and add the team as a Contributor
  • Push your changes to your private fork and do "pull-request" to this repository
  • Use a pull request to do code review
  • Use issues to keep track of what is going on

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact with any additional questions or comments.