wxSQLite3 - SQLite3 database wrapper for wxWidgets (including SQLite3 encryption extension)
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readme.md

wxSQLite3 - a lightweight wrapper for SQLite

wxSQLite3 is a C++ wrapper around the public domain SQLite 3.x database and is specifically designed for use in programs based on the wxWidgets library.

wxSQLite3 does not try to hide the underlying database, in contrary almost all special features of the current SQLite3 version are supported, like for example the creation of user defined scalar or aggregate functions.

Since SQLite stores strings in UTF-8 encoding, the wxSQLite3 methods provide automatic conversion between wxStrings and UTF-8 strings. This works best for the Unicode builds of wxWidgets. In ANSI builds the current locale conversion object (wxConvCurrent) is used for conversion to/from UTF-8. Special care has to be taken if external administration tools are used to modify the database contents, since not all of these tools operate in Unicode or UTF-8 mode.

Version history

  • 3.4.1 - October 2016
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.15.0
  • 3.4.0 - August 2016
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.14.1
    • Added method wxSQLite3Statement::GetExpandedSQL
    • Added method wxSQLite3ResultSet::GetExpandedSQL
    • Started to modify the build system to compile and statically link the SQLite3 library together with wxSQLite3
    • Added the CSV extension module as part of the SQLite3 library with encryption extension
  • 3.3.1 - April 2016
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.12.1
    • Added method wxSQLite3Database::GetSystemErrorCode
  • 3.3.0 - December 2015
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.9.2 (including adjusted SQLite amalgamation source to fix problem with the user authentication module)
    • Transition from SourceForge to GitHub
  • 3.2.1 - March 2015
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.8.3
    • Fixed a bug in method GetParamName
  • 3.2.0 - December 2014
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.7.4
    • Added support for the SQLite user authentication module
  • 3.1.1 - June 2014
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.5
  • 3.1.0 - May 2014
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.4.3
    • Added flag isDeterministic to method wxSQLite3Database::CreateFunction
    • Added new GUI sample
    • Changed implementation of encryption extension (see readme file in sqlite3 subfolder)
  • 3.0.6 - December 2013
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.2
  • 3.0.5 - September 2013
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.0.2
    • Added support for setting the temporary directory for SQLite on Windows
  • 3.0.4 - August 2013
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.8.0
    • Added support for querying performance characteristics of prepared statements
  • 3.0.3 - March 2013
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.16
  • 3.0.2 - Dezember 2012
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.15.1
    • Corrected an internal SQLite data structure to avoid compile time warnings
    • Changed method wxSQLite3Exception::ErrorCodeAsString to return the error messages provided by SQLite
  • 3.0.1 - November 2012
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.14.1
    • Cleaned up and optimized Finalize methods
    • Modified wxSQLite3Database::Close to avoid potential memory leaks
    • Added method wxSQLite3Database::GetWrapperVersion
    • Added method wxSQLite3Database::IsReadOnly
    • Added method wxSQLite3Statement::BindUnixDateTime
    • Added method wxSQLite3ResultSet::GetUnixDateTime
    • Added method wxSQLite3ResultSet::GetAutomaticDateTime
    • Fixed a potential memory leak in method wxSQLite3Database::ExecuteUpdate
    • Added a wxsqlite3.pc file on request of the Fedora Project developers
    • Replaced assert by wxASSERT in wxSQLite3Transaction constructor
  • 3.0.0 - January 2012
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.10
    • Added method wxSQLite3Database::Vacuum
    • Added method wxSQLite3Database::GetDatabaseFilename
    • Added method wxSQLite3Database::ReleaseMemory
    • Added method wxSQLite3ResultSet::CursorMoved
    • Added method wxSQLite3Statement::IsBusy
    • Fixed a bug in method operator= of wxSQLite3StringCollection causing an endless recursion on assignment
    • Dropped the concept of SQLite3 pointer ownership in favor of reference counted pointers allowing much more flexible use of wxSQLite3 classes
    • Modified SQLite3 encryption extension (defining int64 datatype for SHA2 algorithm)
    • Dropped dbadmin sample from build files
    • Added Premake support for SQLite3 library with encryption support and for wxSQLite3 (experimental)
  • 2.1.3 - August 2011
    • Corrected default behaviour for attached databases in case of an encrypted main database. (Now the attached database uses the same encryption key as the main database if no explicit key is given. Previously the attached database remained unencrypted.)
    • Added an optional progress callback for metheods Backup & Restore
    • Added method SetBackupRestorePageCount to set the number of pages to be copied in one cycle of the backup/restore process
  • 2.1.2 - July 2011
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.7.1
    • Modified wxSQLite3Transaction class to make it exception safe
  • 2.1.1 - April 2011
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.6.1
    • Added convenience method wxSQLite3Statement::ExecuteScalar
    • Changed write-ahead log checkpoint method to new version (v2)
  • 2.1.0 - March 2011
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.5
    • Added wxSQLite+, a database administration application written by Fred Cailleau-Lepetit, as a GUI sample for wxSQLite3. Minor adjustments were applied to make wxSQLite+ compatible with wxWidgets 2.9.x. To compile and link wxSQLite+ successfully using wxWidgets 2.8.x it is required to build the "stc" library (scintilla) in the "contrib" folder of wxWidgets. Please note that wxSQLite+ is under GPL license.
  • 2.0.2 - December 2010
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.4
  • 2.0.1 - October 2010
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.3
    • Added parameter transferStatementOwnership to method wxSQLite3Statement::ExecuteQuery to allow using the returned result set beyond the life time of the wxSQLite3Statement instance
  • 2.0.0.1 - August 2010
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.0.1
    • Added missing function interfaces in wxsqlite3dyn.h
    • Adjusted code to eliminate a reference to sqlite3_mprintf
  • 2.0.0 - July 2010
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.7.0
    • Fixed a bug in class wxSQLite3ResultSet
    • Added support for SQLite's write-ahead log journal mode
    • Added support for named collections (see class wxSQLite3NamedCollection)
    • Changed UTF-8 string handling to use methods To/FromUTF8 of the wxString class (requires wxWidgets 2.8.4 or higher)
    • Compatible with wxWidgets 2.9.1
  • 1.9.9 - March 2010
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.23
    • Fixed a bug when compiling for dynamic loading of SQLite
    • Added static methods to class wxSQLite3Database for accessing the run-time library compilation options diagnostics
    • Added mathod FormatV to class wxSQLite3StatementBuffer
  • 1.9.8 - February 2010
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.22
    • Fixed a bug when compiling without precompiled header support (by including wx/arrstr.h)
    • Added experimental support for 256 bit AES encryption to the optional key based encryption extension
  • 1.9.7 - November 2009
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.20
    • Added methods to query, enable or disable foreign key support
  • 1.9.6 - September 2009
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.18
    • Added method to get the SQLite library source id
    • Added flags parameter to wxSQLite3Database::Open to allow additional control over the database connection (see http://www.sqlite.org/c3ref/open.html for further information)
    • Fixed a potential memory leak in wxSQLite3Statement class
    • Converted encryption extension from C++ to pure C to make it compatible with the SQLite amalgamation.
  • 1.9.5 - February 2009
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.11
    • Added user defined function class for REGEXP operator
    • Added support for SQLite backup/restore API, introduced with SQLite 3.6.11
  • 1.9.4 - January 2009
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.10
    • Added support for SQLite savepoints, introduced with SQLite 3.6.8
    • Added IsOk methods to several classes
  • 1.9.3 - Dezember 2008
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.7
    • Fixed a bug in method wxSQLite3Table::GetDouble (conversion from string to double failed in non-US locales)
    • Build system upgraded using Bakefile 0.2.5
  • 1.9.2 - November 2008
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.6
    • Added RAII transaction class (see docs for details)
  • 1.9.1 - September 2008
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.2
    • Introduced own step counting for aggregate user functions since the sqlite3_aggregate_count function is now deprecated.
    • Enhanced wxSQLite3Database::TableExists method to query an attached database for existence of a table or to query all open databases.
  • 1.9.0 - July 2008
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.6.0
    • The optional key based encryption support has been adapted to support SQLite version 3.6.0.
    • Added static methods to initialize and shutdown the SQLite library.
    • Changed build system to support static library build against shared wxWidgets build on Linux.
    • Changed behaviour of Close method of class wxSQLite3Database to finalize all unfinalized prepared statements.
  • 1.8.5 - June 2008
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.5.9
    • Integration of the optional key based encryption support into SQLite has been made easier. Changes to original SQLite source files are no longer necessary.
  • 1.8.4 - April 2008
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.5.8
    • Added support for accessing database limits
    • Changed method TableExists to check a table name case insensitive
    • Fixed several minor issues in the build files.
  • 1.8.3 - January 2008
    • Added support for shared cache mode
    • Added support for access to original SQL statement for prepared statements (requires SQLite 3.5.3 or above)
    • Fixed broken SQLite DLLs
  • 1.8.2 - Dezember 2007
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.5.4
    • Fixed a bug in in wxSQLite3Database::Begin (wrong transaction type)
  • 1.8.1 - November 2007
    • Fixed a bug in in wxSQLite3Database::Close (resetting flag m_isEncrypted)
    • Eliminated several compile time warnings (regarding unused parameters)
    • Fixed a compile time bug in wxSQLite3Database::GetBlob (missing explicit type cast)
  • 1.8.0 - November 2007
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.5.2
    • Support for SQLite incremental BLOBs
    • Changed source code in the SQLite3 encryption extension to eliminate several warnings
    • Changed default wxWidgets version to 2.8.x
    • Adjusted sources for SQLite encryption support are included for all SQLite version from 3.3.1 up to 3.5.2
    • SQLite link libraries for MinGW on Windows are included
    • Added WXMAKINGLIB_WXSQLITE3 compile time option to support building wxSQLite3 as a static library while using the shared libraries of wxWidgets.
  • 1.7.3 - May 2007
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.3.17
    • Fixed a bug in the SQLite3 encryption extension (MD5 algorithm was not aware of endianess on big-endian platforms, resulting in non-portable database files)
  • 1.7.2 - February 2007
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.3.11
    • Support for loadable extensions is now optional
    • Check for optional wxSQLite3 features at runtime
    • wxSQLite3 API independent of optional features
  • 1.7.1 - January 2007
    • Fixed a bug in the key based database encryption feature (The call to sqlite3_rekey in wxSQLite3Database::ReKey could cause a program crash, when used to encrypt a previously unencrypted database.)
  • 1.7.0 - January 2007
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.3.10
    • Added support for BLOBs as wxMemoryBuffer objects
    • Added support for loadable extensions
    • Optional support for key based database encryption
  • 1.6.0 - July 2006
    • Added support for user-defined collation sequences
  • 1.5.3 - June 2006
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.3.6
    • Added support for optional SQLite meta data methods
  • 1.5.2 - March 2006
    • Fixed a bug in wxSQLite3Database::Prepare
    • Added wxSQLite3Database::IsOpen for convenience
  • 1.5.1 - February 2006
    • SQLite DLL upgraded to version 3.3.4
  • 1.5 - February 2006
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.3.3
    • Added support for commit, rollback and update callbacks
  • 1.4.2 - November 2005
    • Optimized code for wxString arguments
  • 1.4.1 - November 2005
    • Fixed a bug in TableExists, eliminated some compiler warnings
    • Changed handling of Unicode string conversion
    • Added support for different transaction types
  • 1.4 - November 2005
    • Optionally load SQLite library dynamically at run time
  • 1.3.1 - November 2005
    • Corrected wxSQLite3ResultSet::GetInt64,
    • Added wxSQLite3Table::GetInt64
  • 1.3 - October 2005
    • Added wxGTK build support
  • 1.2 - October 2005
    • Corrected error in wxSQLite3Table::FindColumnIndex
  • 1.1 - October 2005
    • Upgrade to SQLite version 3.2.7
  • 1.0 - July 2005
    • First public release

Installation

wxMSW

When building on win32, you can use the makefiles in the BUILD folder.

The SQLite version, on which the current wxSQLite3 version is based, is included. The included link library was built with MS Visual C++ 2010. For other compilers it can be necessary to regenerate the link library based on the sqlite.def file in the LIB folder.

mingw: dlltool -d sqlite3.def -D sqlite3.dll -l sqlite3.a

(As demanded by several users sqlite3.a for mingw is now included.)

The directory sqlite3/lib contains the original DLL from the SQLite distribution.

In prior versions of wxSQLite3 the directory sqlite3/meta contained a special DLL version including support for the optional SQLite meta data methods. Since meta data support is now enabled in the SQLite binary distribution as a default, the DLL has been dropped from the wxSQLite3 distribution.

To get the sample application to work the SQLite DLL to be used has to be copied to the samples directory.

If you want to use the optional SQLite meta data methods SQLite needs to be compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA. Additionally the preprocessor symbol WXSQLITE3_HAVE_METADATA must be defined when compiling wxSQLite3.

All included SQLite DLLs have the FTS3 module enabled.

On user request a precompiled SQLite shell program supporting encrypted databases is included. Use

PRAGMA KEY="encryption key";

to create or open an encrypted database. Use

ATTACH DATABASE x AS y KEY z;

to attach an encryted database.

wxGTK

When building on an autoconf-based system (like Linux/GNU-based systems), you can use the existing configure script in the component's ROOT folder or you can recreate the configure script doing:

  cd build
  ./acregen.sh
  cd ..

  ./configure [here you should use the same flags you used to configure wxWidgets]
  make

Type ./configure --help for more info.

Note: Recreating the configure script requires the following prerequisites:

  • automake 1.9.6 or higher
  • bakefile 0.2.5

The autoconf-based systems also support a make install target which builds the library and then copies the headers of the component to /usr/local/include and the lib to /usr/local/lib.

The SQLite amalgamation source code of the version, on which wxSQLite3 is based, is included.

Use the configure option --with-sqlite3-prefix to specify the path to your SQLite3 installation.

Optional features

Optional Meta Data support

If you want to use the optional SQLite meta data methods SQLite needs to be compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA. Additionally the preprocessor symbol WXSQLITE3_HAVE_METADATA must be defined when compiling wxSQLite3.

Optional key based database encryption support

The public release of SQLite contains hooks for key based database encryption, but the code for implementing this feature is not freely available. D. Richard Hipp offers a commercial solution (see http://www.hwaci.com/sw/sqlite/prosupport.html#crypto).

If you want to use the optional SQLite key based database encryption you need to have the implementation of this feature and you have to compile SQLite with the option SQLITE_HAS_CODEC.

Additionally the preprocessor symbol WXSQLITE3_HAVE_CODEC must be defined when compiling wxSQLite3.

There exist other commercial solutions, among them:

Both use a slightly different encryption API, which is currently NOT supported by wxSQLite3.

For Windows based systems there exists an open source solution: System.Data.SQLite. Encrypted database files can be shared across Windows platforms only.

The author of wxSQLite3 has created a key based AES database encryption implementation for SQLite such that sharing encrypted database files across different platforms is supported. The implementation is based on knowledge gained from implementing encryption support for the wxCode component wxPdfDocument and from inspecting the source code of System.Data.SQLite. The code implementing this feature is available in directory sqlite3/secure/src. You may use this code on your own risk. The subdirectory codec-c contains the necessary source files; the SQLite amalgamation source code is included. Optionally SQLite can be compiled including the extension function module created by Liam Healy.

Starting with the release of wxSQLite3 1.9.6 the encryption extension has been converted from C++ to pure C and is now compatible with the SQLite amalgamation source distribution. Just compile the file sqlite3secure.c which includes all required source files.

Starting with the release of wxSQLite3 1.9.8 the encryption extension includes an implementation of 256 bit AES encryption. The code comes without any warranty, use it at your own risk. Currently the decision whether to use 128 bit or 256 bit AES encryption has to be made at compile time. To enable 256 bit AES encryption define CODEC_TYPE=CODEC_TYPE_AES256 (Default: CODEC_TYPE=CODEC_TYPE_AES128).

Don't forget to specify the preprocessor symbols from the following list corresponding to your needs to get a valid SQLite library.

The following 2 symbols enable encryption support:

SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
CODEC_TYPE=CODEC_TYPE_AES128

In the latter symbol you may specify CODEC_TYPE_AES256 instead of CODEC_TYPE_AES128 to enable the support for AES 256 bit encryption.

The following 2 symbols are usually always required resp. recommended:

SQLITE_CORE
THREADSAFE=1

The following 3 symbols are optional to enable specific SQLite features:

SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
SQLITE_SOUNDEX
SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA

The following 3 symbols enable optional extension modules:

SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS
SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE

For wxMSW the directory sqlite3/secure/aes128 resp. sqlite3/secure/aes128 contains a special DLL version including support for the optional SQLite meta data methods and the optional key based database encryption (128 resp. 256 bit AES). The modules FTS3, RTREE and ExtensionFunctions are included as well.

Using statically linked SQLite library on Windows

If you want or need to compile wxSQLite3 lib in such a way that it does not require the sqlite3.dll at run-time, you have to build a static sqlite3 library. No modifications to wxSQLite3 are required.

The following steps are required:

  • You have to download the complete source code for sqlite from http://www.sqlite.org/download.html. Look for the SQLite amalganation archive since it already includes all generated sources and is ready to compile without the need for additional tools.
  • Unfortunately no makefile is included. That is, you have to create a makefile or project file yourself. You have to build a static library from the amalgamation C source files.
  • Replace the file sqlite3.lib in the wxSQLite3 distribution by the sqlite3.lib created as stated above and compile wxSQLite3 as a static library.
  • Don't forget to set USE_DYNAMIC_SQLITE3_LOAD=0.

Acknowledgements

The following people have contributed to wxSQLite3:

  • Francesco Montorsi (enhancement of the build system)
  • Neville Dastur (enhancement of the method TableExists)
  • Tobias Langner (RAII class for managing transactions)