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Jul 31, 2018
Mar 8, 2020

e.g. for webhook hashes


Example inputs:

Variable Value
key the shared secret key here
message the message to hash here

Reference outputs for example inputs above:

Type Hash
as hexit 4643978965ffcec6e6d73b36a39ae43ceb15f7ef8131b8307862ebc560e7f988
as base64 RkOXiWX/zsbm1zs2o5rkPOsV9++BMbgweGLrxWDn+Yg=

PHP

<?php

$key = 'the shared secret key here';
$message = 'the message to hash here';

// to lowercase hexits
hash_hmac('sha256', $message, $key);

// to base64
base64_encode(hash_hmac('sha256', $message, $key, true));

NodeJS

var crypto = require('crypto');

var key = 'the shared secret key here';
var message = 'the message to hash here';

var hash = crypto.createHmac('sha256', key).update(message);

// to lowercase hexits
hash.digest('hex');

// to base64
hash.digest('base64');

JavaScript ES6

Using the Web Crypto API, available in all modern browsers. [1]

const key = 'the shared secret key here';
const message = 'the message to hash here';

const getUtf8Bytes = str =>
  new Uint8Array(
    [...unescape(encodeURIComponent(str))].map(c => c.charCodeAt(0))
  );

const keyBytes = getUtf8Bytes(key);
const messageBytes = getUtf8Bytes(message);

const cryptoKey = await crypto.subtle.importKey(
  'raw', keyBytes, { name: 'HMAC', hash: 'SHA-256' },
  true, ['sign']
);
const sig = await crypto.subtle.sign('HMAC', cryptoKey, messageBytes);

// to lowercase hexits
[...new Uint8Array(sig)].map(b => b.toString(16).padStart(2, '0')).join('');

// to base64
btoa(String.fromCharCode(...new Uint8Array(sig)));

Ruby

require 'openssl'
require 'base64'

key = 'the shared secret key here'
message = 'the message to hash here'

# to lowercase hexits
OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest('sha256', key, message)

# to base64
Base64.encode64(OpenSSL::HMAC.digest('sha256', key, message))

Elixir

key = 'the shared secret key here'
message = 'the message to hash here'

signature = :crypto.hmac(:sha256, key, message)

# to lowercase hexits
Base.encode16(signature, case: :lower)

# to base64
Base.encode64(signature)

Go

package main

import (
	"crypto/hmac"
	"crypto/sha256"
	"encoding/base64"
	"encoding/hex"
)

func main() {
	secret := []byte("the shared secret key here")
	message := []byte("the message to hash here")
	
	hash := hmac.New(sha256.New, secret)
	hash.Write(message)
	
	// to lowercase hexits
	hex.EncodeToString(hash.Sum(nil))
	
	// to base64
	base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(hash.Sum(nil))
}

Python 2

import hashlib
import hmac
import base64

message = bytes('the message to hash here').encode('utf-8')
secret = bytes('the shared secret key here').encode('utf-8')

hash = hmac.new(secret, message, hashlib.sha256)

# to lowercase hexits
hash.hexdigest()

# to base64
base64.b64encode(hash.digest())

Python 3

import hashlib
import hmac
import base64

message = bytes('the message to hash here', 'utf-8')
secret = bytes('the shared secret key here', 'utf-8')

hash = hmac.new(secret, message, hashlib.sha256)

# to lowercase hexits
hash.hexdigest()

# to base64
base64.b64encode(hash.digest())

C#

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

class MainClass {
  public static void Main (string[] args) {
    string key = "the shared secret key here";
    string message = "the message to hash here";
    
    byte[] keyByte = new ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(key);
    byte[] messageBytes = new ASCIIEncoding().GetBytes(message);
    
    byte[] hashmessage = new HMACSHA256(keyByte).ComputeHash(messageBytes);
    
    // to lowercase hexits
    String.Concat(Array.ConvertAll(hashmessage, x => x.ToString("x2")));
    
    // to base64
    Convert.ToBase64String(hashmessage);
  }
}

Java

import javax.crypto.Mac;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter;

class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
  	try {
	    String key = "the shared secret key here";
	    String message = "the message to hash here";
	    
	    Mac hasher = Mac.getInstance("HmacSHA256");
	    hasher.init(new SecretKeySpec(key.getBytes(), "HmacSHA256"));
	    
	    byte[] hash = hasher.doFinal(message.getBytes());
	    
	    // to lowercase hexits
	    DatatypeConverter.printHexBinary(hash);
	    
	    // to base64
	    DatatypeConverter.printBase64Binary(hash);
  	}
  	catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {}
  	catch (InvalidKeyException e) {}
  }
}

Rust

extern crate hmac;
extern crate sha2;
extern crate base64;
extern crate hex;

use sha2::Sha256;
use hmac::{Hmac, Mac};

fn main() {
    type HmacSha256 = Hmac<Sha256>;

    let secret = "the shared secret key here";
    let message = "the message to hash here";

    let mut mac = HmacSha256::new_varkey(secret.as_bytes()).unwrap();

    mac.input(message.as_bytes());

    let hash_message = mac.result().code();

    // to lowercase hexits
    hex::encode(&hash_message);

    // to base64
    base64::encode(&hash_message);
}

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SHA256 HMAC in different languages (both hex & base64 encoding)

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