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Compressor.js

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JavaScript image compressor. Uses the Browser's native canvas.toBlob API to do the compression work, which means it is lossy compression, asynchronous, and has different compression effects in different browsers. General use this to precompress a client image file before upload it.

Table of contents

Main

dist/
├── compressor.js        (UMD)
├── compressor.min.js    (UMD, compressed)
├── compressor.common.js (CommonJS, default)
└── compressor.esm.js    (ES Module)

Getting started

Install

npm install compressorjs

Usage

Syntax

new Compressor(file[, options])

file

The target image file for compressing.

options

  • Type: Object
  • Optional

The options for compressing. Check out the available options.

Example

<input type="file" id="file" accept="image/*">
import axios from 'axios';
import Compressor from 'compressorjs';

document.getElementById('file').addEventListener('change', (e) => {
  const file = e.target.files[0];

  if (!file) {
    return;
  }

  new Compressor(file, {
    quality: 0.6,

    // The compression process is asynchronous,
    // which means you have to access the `result` in the `success` hook function.
    success(result) {
      const formData = new FormData();

      // The third parameter is required for server
      formData.append('file', result, result.name);

      // Send the compressed image file to server with XMLHttpRequest.
      axios.post('/path/to/upload', formData).then(() => {
        console.log('Upload success');
      });
    },
    error(err) {
      console.log(err.message);
    },
  });
});

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Options

You may set compressor options with new Compressor(file, options). If you want to change the global default options, You may use Compressor.setDefaults(options).

strict

  • Type: boolean
  • Default: true

Indicates if output the original image instead of the compressed one when the size of the compressed image is greater than the original one's, except the following cases:

  • The mimeType option is set and its value is different from the mime type of the image.
  • The width option is set and its value is greater than the natural width of the image.
  • The height option is set and its value is greater than the natural height of the image.
  • The minWidth option is set and its value is greater than the natural width of the image.
  • The minHeight option is set and its value is greater than the natural height of the image.
  • The maxWidth option is set and its value is less than the natural width of the image.
  • The maxHeight option is set and its value is less than the natural height of the image.

checkOrientation

  • Type: boolean
  • Default: true

Indicates if read the image's Exif Orientation value (JPEG image only), and then rotate or flip the image automatically with the value.

Notes:

  • Don't trust this all the time as some JPEG images have incorrect (not standard) Orientation values.
  • If the size of the target image is too large (e.g., greater than 10 MB), you should disable this option to avoid an out-of-memory crash.
  • The image's Exif information will be removed after compressed, so if you need the Exif information, you may need to upload the original image as well.

maxWidth

  • Type: number
  • Default: Infinity

The max-width of the output image. The value should be greater than 0.

Avoid getting a blank output image, you might need to set the maxWidth and maxHeight options to limited numbers, because of the size limits of a canvas element, recommend to use 4096 or lesser.

maxHeight

  • Type: number
  • Default: Infinity

The max height of the output image. The value should be greater than 0.

minWidth

  • Type: number
  • Default: 0

The min-width of the output image. The value should be greater than 0 and should not be greater than the maxWidth.

minHeight

  • Type: number
  • Default: 0

The min-height of the output image. The value should be greater than 0 and should not be greater than the maxHeight.

width

  • Type: number
  • Default: undefined

The width of the output image. If not specified, the natural width of the original image will be used, or if the height option is set, the width will be computed automatically by the natural aspect ratio.

height

  • Type: number
  • Default: undefined

The height of the output image. If not specified, the natural height of the original image will be used, or if the width option is set, the height will be computed automatically by the natural aspect ratio.

resize

  • Type: string
  • Default: "none"
  • Options: "none", "contain", and "cover".

Sets how the size of the image should be resized to the container specified by the width and height options.

Note: This option only available when both the width and height options are specified.

quality

  • Type: number
  • Default: 0.8

The quality of the output image. It must be a number between 0 and 1. If this argument is anything else, the default values 0.92 and 0.80 are used for image/jpeg and image/webp respectively. Other arguments are ignored. Be careful to use 1 as it may make the size of the output image become larger.

Note: This option only available for image/jpeg and image/webp images.

Check out canvas.toBlob for more detail.

Examples:

Quality Input size Output size Compression ratio Description
0 2.12 MB 114.61 KB 94.72% -
0.2 2.12 MB 349.57 KB 83.90% -
0.4 2.12 MB 517.10 KB 76.18% -
0.6 2.12 MB 694.99 KB 67.99% Recommend
0.8 2.12 MB 1.14 MB 46.41% Recommend
1 2.12 MB 2.12 MB 0% Not recommend
NaN 2.12 MB 2.01 MB 5.02% -

mimeType

  • Type: string
  • Default: 'auto'

The mime type of the output image. By default, the original mime type of the source image file will be used.

convertTypes

  • Type: Array or string (multiple types should be separated by commas)
  • Default: ['image/png']
  • Examples:
    • ['image/png', 'image/webp']
    • 'image/png,image/webp'

Files whose file type is included in this list, and whose file size exceeds the convertSize value will be converted to JPEGs.

convertSize

  • Type: number
  • Default: 5000000 (5 MB)

Files whose file type is included in the convertTypes list, and whose file size exceeds this value will be converted to JPEGs. To disable this, just set the value to Infinity.

Examples:

convertSize Input size (type) Output size (type) Compression ratio
5 MB 1.87 MB (PNG) 1.87 MB (PNG) 0%
5 MB 5.66 MB (PNG) 450.24 KB (JPEG) 92.23%
5 MB 9.74 MB (PNG) 883.89 KB (JPEG) 91.14%

beforeDraw(context, canvas)

  • Type: Function
  • Default: null
  • Parameters:
    • context: The 2d rendering context of the canvas.
    • canvas: The canvas for compression.

The hook function to execute before drawing the image into the canvas for compression.

new Compressor(file, {
  beforeDraw(context, canvas) {
    context.fillStyle = '#fff';
    context.fillRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
    context.filter = 'grayscale(100%)';
  },
});

drew(context, canvas)

  • Type: Function
  • Default: null
  • Parameters:
    • context: The 2d rendering context of the canvas.
    • canvas: The canvas for compression.

The hook function to execute after drawing the image into the canvas for compression.

new Compressor(file, {
  drew(context, canvas) {
    context.fillStyle = '#fff';
    context.font = '2rem serif';
    context.fillText('watermark', 20, canvas.height - 20);
  },
});

success(result)

  • Type: Function
  • Default: null
  • Parameters:
    • result: The compressed image (a File (read only) or Blob object).

The hook function to execute when successful to compress the image.

error(err)

  • Type: Function
  • Default: null
  • Parameters:
    • err: The compression error (an Error object).

The hook function executes when fails to compress the image.

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Methods

abort()

Abort the compression process.

const compressor = new Compressor(file);

// Do something...
compressor.abort();

No conflict

If you have to use another compressor with the same namespace, just call the Compressor.noConflict static method to revert to it.

<script src="other-compressor.js"></script>
<script src="compressor.js"></script>
<script>
  Compressor.noConflict();
  // Code that uses other `Compressor` can follow here.
</script>

Browser support

  • Chrome (latest)
  • Firefox (latest)
  • Safari (latest)
  • Opera (latest)
  • Edge (latest)
  • Internet Explorer 10+

Contributing

Please read through our contributing guidelines.

Versioning

Maintained under the Semantic Versioning guidelines.

License

MIT © Chen Fengyuan

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