Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Igbinary is a drop in replacement for the standard php serializer. Check https://github.com/igbinary/igbinary for the freshest version
Branch: master
Pull request Compare This branch is 91 commits behind phadej:master.

Fetching latest commit…

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Failed to load latest commit information.
benchmark
tests
.gitignore
COPYING
CREDITS
ChangeLog
EXPERIMENTAL
NEWS
README
config.m4
config.w32
hash.h
hash_function.c
hash_function.h
hash_si.c
ig_win32.h
igbinary.c
igbinary.h
igbinary.php
igbinary.php.ini
igbinary.spec
package.xml
php_igbinary.h
tags.sh

README

igbinary
========

Igbinary is a drop in replacement for the standard php serializer. Instead of
time and space consuming textual representation, igbinary stores php data
structures in a compact binary form. Savings are significant when using
memcached or similar memory based storages for serialized data. You can
expect about 50% reduction in storage requirement and speed is at least on par
with the standard PHP serializer. Specific numbers depend on your data, of
course.

But where does the name "igbinary" come from? There was once a similar project
called fbinary but it has disappeared from the Internet a long time ago. Its
architecture wasn't particularly clean either. IG is an abbreviation for a
finnish social networking site IRC-Galleria (http://irc-galleria.net/)

Features
--------

- Supports same data types as the standard PHP serializer: null, bool, int,
  float, string, array and objects.
- ``__autoload`` & ``unserialize_callback_func``
- ``__sleep`` & ``__wakeup``
- Serializable -interface
- Data portability between platforms (32/64bit, endianess)
- Tested on Linux amd64, Mac OSX x86, HP-UX PA-RISC and NetBSD sparc64
- Compatible with PHP5 (tested with 5.2.4 and 5.2.5)

Implementation details
----------------------

Storing complex PHP data structures like arrays of associative arrays
with the standard PHP serializer is not very space efficient. The main
reasons in order of significance are (at least in our applications):

1. Array keys are repeated redundantly. 
2. Numerical values are plain text.
3. Human readability adds some overhead.

Igbinary uses two specific strategies to minimize the size of the serialized
output.

1. Strings are stored only once by using a hash table. Arrays of associate
   arrays with very verbose keys are stored very compactly.

2. Numerical values are stored in the smallest primitive data type
   available:
   *123* = ``int8_t``,
   *1234* = ``int16_t``,
   *123456* = ``int32_t``
   ... and so on.

3. Well, it is not human readable ;)

How to use
----------

Add the following lines to your php.ini:

  # Load igbinary extension
  extension=igbinary.so

  # Use igbinary as session serializer
  session.serialize_handler=igbinary

.. and in your php code replace serialize and unserialize function calls
with ``igbinary_serialize`` and ``igbinary_unserialize``.

Installing
----------

Note:
Sometimes you may have to substitute phpize with phpize5.
In such cases you probably should add "--with-php-config=.../php-config5" as
an option to configure script.

Compiling:

1. phpize

If you use GCC:
2. ./configure CFLAGS="-O2 -g" --enable-igbinary

If you use ICC (Intel C Compiler)
2. ./configure CFLAGS=" -no-prec-div -O3 -xO -unroll2 -g" CC=icc --enable-igbinary

3. make
4. ( make test)
5. make install
6. igbinary.so is installed in the default extensions directory

Bugs & Contributions
--------------------

To report bugs or to contribute fixes and improvements send email to
opensource@dynamoid.com

You can also fork at GitHub: http://github.com/dynamoid/igbinary

Utilizing in other extensions
-----------------------------

You can call igbinary from other extensions fairly easily. Igbinary installs its
header file to ext/igbinary/igbinary.h. There are just two straighforward
functions: igbinary_serialize and igbinary_unserialize. Look at igbinary.h for
prototypes and usage.

Add PHP_ADD_EXTENSION_DEP(yourextension, igbinary) to your config.m4 in case
someone wants to compile both of them statically into php.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.