A set of Gulp plugins for transforming and formatting Design Tokens
JavaScript
Latest commit aea20c0 Jul 29, 2016 @kaelig kaelig committed on GitHub Merge pull request #52 from salesforce-ux/hotfix/style-property-react
Remove semicolon in style property value

README.md

Theo logo Theo

Build Status NPM version

Theo is a set of Gulp plugins for transforming and formatting Design Tokens

Example

var gulp = require('gulp');
var theo = require('theo');

gulp.src('design/props.json')
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'))
  .pipe(theo.plugins.format('scss'))
  .pipe(gulp.dest('dist'));

Design Tokens

Theo consumes Design Token files which are a central location to store design related information such as colors, fonts, widths, animations, etc. These raw values can then be transformed and formatted to meet the needs of any platform.

Let's say you have a web, native iOS, and native Android application that would like to share information such as background colors.

The web might like to consume the colors as hsla values formatted as Sass variables in an .scss file.

iOS might like rgba values formatted as .json.

Finally, Android might like 8 Digit Hex values formatted as .xml.

Instead of hard coding this information in each platform/format, Theo can consume the centralized Design Tokens and output files for each platform.

Spec

A Design Token file is written in either json or yml and should conform to the following spec:

{
  // Required
  // A map of property names and value objects
  "props": {
    "color_brand": {
      // Required
      // Can be any valid JSON value
      "value": "#ff0000",

      // Required
      // Describe the type of value
      // [color|number|...]
      "type": "color",

      // Required
      // Describe the category of this property
      // Often used for style guide generation
      "category": "background",

      // Optional
      // This value will be included during transform
      // but excluded during formatting
      ".meta": {
        // This value might be needed for some special transform
        "foo": "bar"
      },

      // Optional
      // Additional keys can be included and depending on the formatter,
      // might be visible in the final output
      "some": "value"
    }
  },

  // Optional
  // This object will be merged into each property
  // Values defined on a property level will take precedence
  "global": {
    "category": "some-category",
    ".meta": {
      "foo": "baz"
    }
  },

  // Optional
  // Share values across multiple props
  // Aliases are resolved like: {!sky}
  "aliases": {
    "sky": "blue"
  },

  // Optional
  // Array of design token files to be imported
  // "aliases" will be imported as well
  // "aliases" will already be resolved
  // "global" will already be merged into each prop
  "imports": [
    "./some/dir/file.json"
  ]
}

Plugins Overview

Theo is divided into two primary plugins:

transform

This plugin is responsible for transforming raw values into platform specific values.

For example, the Design Tokens might specify a color value as an rgba (rgba(255, 0, 0, 1)), but an Android app might prefer to consume colors as an 8 digit hex (#ffff0000)

format

This plugin is responsible for taking transformed tokens and outputting them into a new file format.

An Android app might prefer to consume the final values as XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
  <color name="colorBrand" type="color">#ffbada55</color>
</resources>

API

theo.plugins.file(filePath)

Push a new file into a transform stream and return the stream. This is an alternative to using gulp.

@param {string} filePath The name of the registered transform

Example:

let propsFile = path.resolve(__dirname, 'design/props.json')
theo.plugins
  .file(propsFile)
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'));

theo.plugins.transform(type, [options])

Transform the values for each Design Token file according to the specified type.

A transform is list of valueTransforms that should be applied to each property.

@param {string} type The name of the registered transform

@param {object} [options] Additional options

@param {boolean} [options.includeMeta] Don't remove ".meta" key from a prop

Example:

gulp.src('./design/props.json')
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'));

theo.registerTransform(type, valueTransforms)

Register a new transform. Existing transforms with the same name will be overwritten.

@param {string} type The name of the transform

@param {array} valueTransforms An array of registered value transforms

Example:

theo.registerTransform('windows', [
  'color/rgb'
]);

Pre-defined Transforms:

Below is a list of pre-defined transforms and the corresponding valueTransforms that will be applied.

Note: Generally speaking, the pre-defined transforms assume the original Design Tokens are formatted for the web.

raw: No valueTransforms will be applied

web: ['color/rgb']

ios: ['color/rgb', 'relative/pixelValue', 'percentage/float']

android: ['color/hex8', 'relative/pixelValue', 'percentage/float']

aura: ['color/hex']


theo.registerValueTransform(name, matcher, transformer)

Register a new valueTransform. Existing valueTransforms with the same name will be overwritten.

@param {string} type The name of the valueTransform

@param {function} matcher An function that should return a boolean indicating if the provided property should be transformed

@param {function} transformer An function that should return a new value for the provided property

Example:

theo.registerValueTransform('animation/web/curve',
  // Only run the transform for props that pass the matcher
  (prop, meta) => prop.type === 'animation-curve',
  // Return the transformed value
  (prop, meta) => {
    let [a,b,c,d] = prop.value;
    return `cubic-bezier(${a}, ${b}, ${c}, ${d})`;
  }
);

Pre-defined ValueTransforms:

color/rgb Parse the value as a color and return an rgb(a) string

color/hex Parse the value as a color and return an 6 digit hex string

color/hex8 Parse the value as a color and return an 8 digit hex string

percentage/float Parse a string percentage value and return a float representation

relative/pixel Parse a relative size value (em/rem) and return a pixel representation. By default, the baseFontSize is set to 16 and the baseFontPercentage is set to 1. These values can be overwritten in a property's .meta object.

relative/pixelValue Same as relative/pixel, but removes the px extension


theo.plugins.format(type, [options])

Format the output for each Design Token file according to the specified type.

Note: This plugin will almost always run after a transform call.

@param {string} type The name of the registered format

@param {object} [options] Additional options to be passed along to the formatter

@param {function} [options.propsFilter] A filter function that can be used to filter down the props before formatting

@param {function} [options.propsMap] A map function that can be used modify the props before formatting

Example:

gulp.src('design/props.json')
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'))
  .pipe(theo.plugins.format('scss'))
  .pipe(gulp.dest('dist'));
// Only output props with a "color" type
gulp.src('design/props.json')
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'))
  .pipe(theo.plugins.format('scss', {
    // Only return props with the type of "color"
    propsFilter: prop => prop.type === 'color',
    // Prefix each prop name with "PREFIX_"
    propsMap: prop => {
      prop.name = `PREFIX_${prop.name}`;
      return prop;
    }
  }))
  .pipe(gulp.dest('dist'));

theo.registerFormat(name, formatter)

Register a new format. Existing formats with the same name will be overwritten.

@param {string} type The name of the format

@param {function} formatter An function that should return a string representation of the reformatted Design Tokens.

The formatter will be called with two arguments:

json - an object with the following layout:

Example:

/**
 * @param {object} json - see below
 * @param {object} options - any options that were passed via the `.format()` plugin
 * @param {string} options.name - The file name
 */
theo.registerFormat('scss', (json, options) => {
  return json.propKeys.map(key => {
    let prop = json.props[key];
    // Here is a good spot to reformat the name (camelCase, upperCase, etc)
    return `$${prop.name}: ${prop.value};`;
  }).join('\n');
});

Here is the layout of the json argument

{
  // An object containing the transformed tokens
  "props": {},
  // An array of the keys for easy iteration
  "propKeys": []
}

Pre-defined Formats:

json
{
  "PROP_NAME": "PROP_VALUE"
}
raw.json
{
  "props": {
    "PROP_NAME": {
      "value": "PROP_VALUE",
      "type": "PROP_TYPE",
      "category": "PROP_CATEGORY"
    }
  }
}
ios.json
{
  "properties": [
    {
      "name": "propName",
      "value": "PROP_VALUE",
      "type": "PROP_TYPE",
      "category": "PROP_CATEGORY"
    }
  ]
}
android.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
  <property name="PROP_NAME" type="PROP_TYPE" category="PROP_CATEGORY">PROP_VALUE</property>
  <color name="PROP_NAME" type="color" category="PROP_CATEGORY">PROP_VALUE</color>
</resources>

Note: PROP_NAME will be set to upper case

scss
$prop-name: PROP_VALUE;
map.scss
$file-name-map: (
  "prop-name": (PROP_VALUE),
);
map.variables.scss
$file-name-map-variables: (
  "prop-name": ($prop-name)
);
sass
$prop-name: PROP_VALUE
less
@prop-name: PROP_VALUE;
aura.theme
<aura:theme>
  <aura:var name="propName" value="PROP_VALUE" />
</aura:theme>
aura.tokens
<aura:tokens>
  <aura:token name="propName" value="PROP_VALUE" />
</aura:tokens>
common.js
module.exports = {
  propName: PROP_VALUE
};
amd.js
define(function() {
  return {
    propName: PROP_VALUE
  };
});
Styleguide

See https://salesforce-ux.github.io/design-properties.


theo.plugins.getResult([callback])

Get the result of a transform/format

@param {function} [callback] The function to call for each result in the stream

Example:

// Get the transformed Design Tokens
gulp.src('design/props.json')
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'))
  .pipe(theo.plugins.getResult(result => {
    let designProps = JSON.parse(result);
  }));
// Get the formatted Design Tokens
gulp.src('design/props.json')
  .pipe(theo.plugins.transform('web'))
  .pipe(theo.plugins.format('android.xml'))
  .pipe(theo.plugins.getResult(result => {
    // result will be an XML string
  }))
  // The result can still be written to a file
  .pipe(gulp.dest('dist'));

License

Copyright (c) 2015, salesforce.com, inc. All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Neither the name of salesforce.com, inc. nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.