handling microservices error avoiding lost of control flow
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README.md

Microservices Error Handling

License: MIT Build Status codecov

info

The idea behind that project is to check how we could avoid to use ControllerAdvice and ExceptionHandler, and even checked exceptions when handling errors in our Microservices.

Checked exceptions some times could leak the implementation details of our components, and they could even break our control flow.

Spring ControllerAdvice or ExceptionHandler could become the ultimate GOTOs, that some people my use to get errors and sent back to the consumers of the Microservice, jumping out on the execution of our business logic.

The approach described in the example is to handle errors as part of our business logic, avoiding unnecessary lost of our control flow.

This example is not about stop using ControllerAdvice, we may need to still using it to handle unexpected Runtime Exceptions, however relaying on it for handling our business errors isn't ideal.

Approach like the one in this example may become a better way to do it, however this is not the unique, neither definitive, solution.

usage

We have created one wrapper class to support this concept named Result<type>, this class has two creation methods.

  • Result.create(object); : That will create a wrapper containing the data to be returned.
  • Result.error(object) : That will create a wrapper containing an error.

How to use this class is simple, for example:

public Result get(int id) {
  if (id == 1) return Result.create(new Customer(1, "super customer"));
  else if (id == -1)
    return Result.error(new BadParameters("bad parameters"));
  else
    return Result.error(new NotFound("customer not found"));
}

BadParameters and NotFound are entities for our business logic that contain the desired information for handling these responses.

For handling the result we could just use the methods isError() and getData().

Result result = operation();

if(result.isError()){
  //do something with the error
}else{
  Customer customer = result.getValue();
}

Finally we use in our mapping a generic ResponseEntity we could return the wrapper value without needing to understand what contains.

For example:

@GetMapping("/customer/{id}")
  public ResponseEntity<?> get(@PathVariable() int id) {
  final Result result = customerService.get(id);
  final HttpStatus status = getStatus(result);

  return new ResponseEntity<>(result.getValue(), status);
}

Since we may like to return different HTTP status, based on the error contained, we could create a helper that use the type of the class held on the wrapper.

private HttpStatus getStatus(final Result result){
  if (result.isError()) {
    if (result.getValue() instanceof NotFound)
      return HttpStatus.NOT_FOUND;
    else
      return HttpStatus.BAD_REQUEST;
  } else return HttpStatus.OK;
}

runing

To just run the example microservice you could just do from the command line:

$ mvnw spring-boot run

To test the output when sending a correct customer id:

$ curl -i http://localhost:8080/customer/1
HTTP/1.1 200
X-Application-Context: application
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 09:33:01 GMT

{
  "data" : "super customer",
  "id" : 1
}

To test the output when sending a invalid customer id

$curl -i http://localhost:8080/customer/-1
 HTTP/1.1 400
 X-Application-Context: application
 Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
 Transfer-Encoding: chunked
 Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 09:34:03 GMT
 Connection: close

 {
   "message" : "bad parameters"
 }

To test the output when sending a not found customer id

$ curl -i http://localhost:8080/customer/2
HTTP/1.1 404
X-Application-Context: application
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 09:34:48 GMT

{
  "message" : "customer not found"
}