Apache Thrift
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Jens-G THRIFT-4609 keep InnerException wherever appropriate
Client: C#
Patch: Jens Geyer

This closes #1576
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aclocal THRIFT-4351: use travis build stages to optimize build, Oct 19, 2017
build Minor updates for cl, dlang, go versions in Bionic CI builds Jul 30, 2018
compiler/cpp THRIFT-4614: Generate missing @nullable annotation (#1577) Aug 7, 2018
contrib THRIFT-4571: Updated ZeroMQ examples to ZeroMQ version >= 3.0. (#1556) May 14, 2018
debian THRIFT-4342: update ruby tests to use rspec 3, updated all dependenci… Mar 23, 2018
doc THRIFT-4569: Fix 'requiredness' typo May 10, 2018
lib THRIFT-4609 keep InnerException wherever appropriate Aug 7, 2018
test THRIFT-4579: Move up to Ubuntu Bionic for CI builds Jun 16, 2018
tutorial THRIFT-4580: fix erlang tutorial unpack on windows (#1561) Jun 7, 2018
.clang-format THRIFT-2729: C++ - .clang-format created and applied Nov 18, 2014
.dockerignore THRIFT-3474 Docker: thrift-compiler Dec 6, 2015
.editorconfig THRIFT-2967 Add .editorconfig to root Jun 5, 2015
.gitattributes THRIFT-2724 - Coding standards template added all over project Feb 5, 2015
.gitignore THRIFT-4590 running the test client using HTTP transport leads to "Co… Jun 22, 2018
.rustfmt.toml THRIFT-4176: Implement threaded server for Rust Apr 27, 2017
.travis.yml move autotools builds in front of cmake builds in Travis CI Jun 27, 2018
CHANGES Document breaking changes since 0.11.0 May 1, 2018
CMakeLists.txt THRIFT-4165: better cmake support for C++ language level selection; f… Apr 5, 2017
CONTRIBUTING.md modify contributing markdown and add pull request template markdown f… Apr 6, 2018
LANGUAGES.md Minor updates for cl, dlang, go versions in Bionic CI builds Jul 30, 2018
LICENSE THRIFT-3664 Remove md5.c Feb 22, 2016
Makefile.am THRIFT-4525: add ruby cross test ssl support Mar 22, 2018
NOTICE THRIFT-4351: use travis build stages to optimize build, Oct 19, 2017
README.md Update README with build status badges Jun 27, 2018
Thrift-swift3.podspec THRIFT-3773: Swift 3 changes, Squashed (#1084) Apr 8, 2018
Thrift.podspec THRIFT-2905 Cocoa compiler should have option to produce "modern" Obj… Oct 9, 2015
appveyor.yml THRIFT-4476: Typecasting problem on double list items, Mar 20, 2018
bootstrap.sh THRIFT-4605: bootstrap.sh fails if automake=1.16.1 (#1574) Jul 31, 2018
bower.json Remove deprecated bower json property Jan 28, 2017
cleanup.sh svn ignore and remove php artifacts left by phpize in bootstrap.sh Sep 7, 2010
composer.json THRIFT-4460: Use PSR-2 as php library coding standard Jan 24, 2018
configure.ac THRIFT-4515: cross server test improvement: graceful test server shut… Mar 19, 2018
doap.rdf THRIFT-4396 inconsistent (or plain wrong) version numbers in master/t… Nov 30, 2017
package-lock.json THRIFT-4551: Add Prettier for consistent JS code formatting (#1536) Apr 18, 2018
package.json THRIFT-4551: Add Prettier for consistent JS code formatting (#1536) Apr 18, 2018
phpcs.xml.dist THRIFT-4475: PSR-2 support for lib/php/test Jan 29, 2018
pull_request_template.md Update pull request template to be more helpful Apr 9, 2018
sonar-project.properties THRIFT-(1418|1507|3983|4120|4178|4259|4294): Multiple issues Jan 24, 2018


Apache Thrift


Thrift is a lightweight, language-independent software stack with an associated code generation mechanism for point-to-point RPC. Thrift provides clean abstractions for data transport, data serialization, and application level processing. The code generation system takes a simple definition language as input and generates code across programming languages that uses the abstracted stack to build interoperable RPC clients and servers.

Apache Thrift Layered Architecture

Thrift makes it easy for programs written in different programming languages to share data and call remote procedures. With support for 25 programming languages, chances are Thrift supports the languages that you currently use.

Thrift is specifically designed to support non-atomic version changes across client and server code.

For more details on Thrift's design and implementation, see the Thrift whitepaper included in this distribution, or at the README.md file in your particular subdirectory of interest.


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master Build Status Build status Coverity Scan Build Status Website


Thrift does not maintain a specific release calendar at this time.

We strive to release twice yearly. Download the current release.


Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Project Hierarchy



Contains the Thrift compiler, implemented in C++.


Contains the Thrift software library implementation, subdivided by
language of implementation.



Contains sample Thrift files and test code across the target programming


Contains a basic tutorial that will teach you how to develop software
using Thrift.


To build the same way Travis CI builds the project you should use docker. We have comprehensive building instructions for docker.


See http://thrift.apache.org/docs/install for a list of build requirements (may be stale). Alternatively see the docker build environments for a list of prerequisites.


More information about Thrift can be obtained on the Thrift webpage at:



Thrift was inspired by pillar, a lightweight RPC tool written by Adam D'Angelo, and also by Google's protocol buffers.


If you are building from the first time out of the source repository, you will need to generate the configure scripts. (This is not necessary if you downloaded a tarball.) From the top directory, do:


Once the configure scripts are generated, thrift can be configured. From the top directory, do:


You may need to specify the location of the boost files explicitly. If you installed boost in /usr/local, you would run configure as follows:

./configure --with-boost=/usr/local

Note that by default the thrift C++ library is typically built with debugging symbols included. If you want to customize these options you should use the CXXFLAGS option in configure, as such:

./configure CXXFLAGS='-g -O2'
./configure CFLAGS='-g -O2'

To enable gcov required options -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage enable them:

./configure  --enable-coverage

Run ./configure --help to see other configuration options

Please be aware that the Python library will ignore the --prefix option and just install wherever Python's distutils puts it (usually along the lines of /usr/lib/pythonX.Y/site-packages/). If you need to control where the Python modules are installed, set the PY_PREFIX variable. (DESTDIR is respected for Python and C++.)

Make thrift:


From the top directory, become superuser and do:

make install

Note that some language packages must be installed manually using build tools better suited to those languages (at the time of this writing, this applies to Java, Ruby, PHP).

Look for the README.md file in the lib// folder for more details on the installation of each language library package.


There are a large number of client library tests that can all be run from the top-level directory.

      make -k check

This will make all of the libraries (as necessary), and run through the unit tests defined in each of the client libraries. If a single language fails, the make check will continue on and provide a synopsis at the end.

To run the cross-language test suite, please run:

      make cross

This will run a set of tests that use different language clients and servers.