Brainflayer is a Proof-of-Concept brainwallet cracking tool that uses libsecp256k1 for pubkey generation. It was originally released as part of my DEFCON talk about cracking brainwallets (slides, video, why).
The name is a reference to Mind Flayers, a race of monsters from the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. They eat brains, psionically enslave people and look like lovecraftian horrors.
The current release is more than four times faster than the DEFCON release, and many features have been added.
If brainflayer is useful to you, please get in touch to let me know. I'm very interested in any research it's being used for, and I'm generally happy to collaborate with academic groups.
Just because you can steal someone's money doesn't mean you should. Stealing would make you a jerk. Don't be a jerk.
No support will be provided at this time, and I may ignore or close issues requesting support without responding.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Precompute the bloom filter:
hex2blf example.hex example.blf
Run Brainflayer against it:
brainflayer -v -b example.blf -i phraselist.txt
your_generator | brainflayer -v -b example.blf
Brainflayer's design is heavily influenced by Unix philosophy. It (mostly) does one thing: hunt for tasty brainwallets. A major feature it does not have is generating candidate passwords/passphrases. There are plenty of other great tools that do that, and brainflayer is happy to have you pipe their output to it.
Unfortunately, brainflayer is not currently multithreaded. If you want to have it keep multiple cores busy, you'll have to come up with a way to distribute the work yourself (brainflayer's -n and -k options may help). In my testing, brainflayer benefits significantly from hyperthreading, so you may want to run two copies per physical core. Also worth noting is that brainflayer mmaps its data files in shared memory, so additional brainflayer processes do not use up that much additional RAM.
While not strictly required, it is highly recommended to use the following options:
-m FILELoad the ecmult table from
ecmtabgen) rather than computing it on startup. This will allow multiple brainflayer processes to share the same table in memory, and signifigantly reduce startup time when using a large table.
-f FILEVerify check bloom filter matches against
FILE, a list of all hash160s generated with
sort -u example.hex | xxd -r -p > example.binEnough addresses exist on the Bitcoin network to cause false positives in the bloom filter, this option will suppress them.
Brainflayer supports a few other types of input via the
-t keccakpassphrases to be hashed with keccak256 (some ethereum tools)
-t privraw private keys - this can be used to support arbitrary deterministic wallet schemes via an external program. Any trailing data after the hex encoded private key will be included in brainflayer's output as well, for reference. See also the
-Ioption if you want to crack a bunch of sequential keys, which has special speed optimizations.
-t warpsalts or passwords/passphrases for WarpWallet
-t bwiosalts or passwords/passphrases for brainwallet.io
-t bv2salts or passwords/passphrases for brainv2 - this one is very slow on CPU, however the parameter choices make it a great target for GPUs and FPGAs.
-t rushpasswords for password-protected rushwallets - pass the fragment (the part of the url after the #) using
-r. Almost all wrong passwords will be rejected even without a bloom filter.
Address types can be specified with the
-c uuncompressed addresses
-c ccompressed addresses
-c eethereum addresses
-c xmost signifigant bits of public point's x coordinate
It's possible to combine two or more of these, e.g. the default is
An incremental private key brute force mode is available for fans of directory.io, try
brainflayer -v -I 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001 -b example.blf
See the output of
brainflayer -h for more detailed usage info.
Also included is
blfchk - you can pipe it hex encoded hash160 to check a
bloom filter file for. It's very fast - it can easily check millions of
hash160s per second. Not entirely sure what this is good for but I'm sure
you'll come up with something.
Should compile on Linux with
make provided you have the required devel libs
installed (at least openssl and gmp are required along with libsecp256k1's
build dependencies). I really need to learn autotools. If you file an issue
about a build failure in libsecp256k1 I will close it.
Dependencies should install with
apt install build-essential libgmp-dev libssl-dev
Supported build target is currently Ubuntu 20.04 on amd64/x86_64. Issues with building for other platforms probably won’t be fixed. In particular, Kali Linux is not supported. Support for operating systems other than Linux would require extensive refactoring of Brainflayer's memory optimizations and is not happening.
Redistribution of compiled
brainflayer binaries is prohibited, and
unauthorized binaries probably contain malware.
The bulk of Brainflayer was written by Ryan Castellucci. Nicolas Courtois and
Guangyan Song contributed the code in
ec_pubkey_fast.c which more than
doubles the speed of public key computations compared with the stock secp256k1
library from Bitcoin. This code uses a much larger table for ec multiplication
and optimized routines for ec addition and doubling.