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This cheat sheet provides a review of the RESTful API for Rexster. Note that beyond the query parameters provided in the table below, the standard Rexster parameters rexster.offset.start, rexster.offset.end, and rexster.returnKeys also work in cases where it makes sense. The <graph> is the unique name of a graph configured within Rexster. The base of the URI, when running locally, is generally localhost:8182.

Please note that there are Rexster MIME Types that affect operations within the API.

GET Operations

returns uri description
graphs /graphs get all the graphs
graph /graphs/<graph> get the graph named
vertices /graphs/<graph>/vertices get all vertices
vertices /graphs/<graph>/vertices?key=<key>&value=<value> get all vertices for a key index given the specified <key>/<value>
vertex /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id> get vertex with id <id>
vertices /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/out get the adjacent out vertices of vertex <id> 4
vertices /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/in get the adjacent in vertices of vertex <id> 4
vertices /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/both get the both adjacent in and out vertices of vertex <id> 4
long /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/outCount get the number of out vertices of vertex <id> 4
long /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/inCount get the number of in vertices of vertex <id> 4
long /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/bothCount get the number of adjacent in and out vertices of vertex <id> 4
longs /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/outIds get the identifiers of out vertices of vertex <id> 4
longs /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/inIds get the identifiers of in vertices of vertex <id> 4
longs /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/bothIds get the identifiers of adjacent in and out vertices of vertex <id> 4
edges /graphs/<graph>/edges get all edges
edges /graphs/<graph>/edges?key=<key>&value=<value> get all edges for a key index given the specified <key>/<value>
edge /graphs/<graph>/edges/<id> get edge with id <id>
edges /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/outE get the out edges of vertex <id> 4
edges /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/inE get the in edges of vertex <id> 4
edges /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>/bothE get the both in and out edges of vertex <id> 4
indices /graphs/<graph>/indices get all the indices associated with the graph
elements /graphs/<graph>/indices/index?key=<key>&value=<value> get all elements with <key> property equal to <value> in index
long /graphs/<graph>/indices/index/count?key=<key>&value=<value> get a count of all elements with <key> property equal to <value> in index
keys /graphs/<graph>/keyindices/ get the combination of vertex and edge keys
keys /graphs/<graph>/keyindices/vertex get vertex keys
keys /graphs/<graph>/keyindices/edge get edge keys
prefixes 1 /graphs/<graph>/prefixes get the list of SailGraph prefixes
prefix 1 /graphs/<graph>/prefixes/prefix get a specific prefix value

POST Operations

returns uri description
vertex /graphs/<graph>/vertices create a vertex with no specified identifier
vertex /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id> create a vertex with id <id> 2
vertex /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>?<key>=<value>&<key'>=<value'> create a vertex with id <id> and the provided properties (or update vertex properties if vertex already exists). 2
edge /graphs/<graph>/edges?_outV=<id>&_label=friend&_inV=2&<key>=<key'> create an out edge with no specified identifier from vertex <id> to vertex 2 labeled “friend” with provided properties. 2
edge /graphs/<graph>/edges/3?_outV=<id>&_label=friend&_inV=2&<key>=<key'> create an out edge with id 3 from vertex <id> to vertex 2 labeled “friend” with provided properties. 2
edge /graphs/<graph>/edges/3?<key>=<key'> update the properties of the edge with id 3
index 3 /graphs/<graph>/indices/index?class=vertex create a new manual index named index
void /graphs/<graph>/keyindices/vertex/<key> create a new key index for a vertex
void /graphs/<graph>/keyindices/edge/<key> create a new key index for an edge
void 1 /graphs/<graph>/prefixes?namespace=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ggl.com&prefix=pf add a new SailGraph prefix with namespace http://www.ggl.com and prefix pf

PUT Operations

returns uri description
vertex /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>?<key>=<value>&<key'>=<value'> replaces the all existing properties of the vertex <id> with those specified
edge /graphs/<graph>/edges/<id>?<key>=<value>&<key'>=<value'> replaces the all existing properties of the edge <id> with those specified
void /graphs/<graph>/indices/index?key=<key>&value=<value>&id=<id> put vertex with id <id> into index at <key>/<value>

DELETE Operations

returns uri description
void /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id> remove vertex <id>
void /graphs/<graph>/vertices/<id>?<key>&<key'> remove properties <key> and <key'> from vertex <id>
void /graphs/<graph>/edges/3 remove the edge with id 3
void /graphs/<graph>/edges/3?<key>&<key'> remove properties <key> and <key'> from edge 3
void /graphs/<graph>/indices/index drop the index named index
void /graphs/<graph>/indices/index?key=<key>&value=<value>&class=vertex&id=<id> remove the vertex <id> from index at <key>/<value>
void 1 /graphs/<graph>/prefixes/prefix remove the specified prefix

1 Only applies to SailGraph configurations.
2 Underlying graph database implementations must support the ability to assign the edge/vertex identifier. In cases where the graph database does not support the identifier (ie. Neo4j), the identifier supplied with be ignored and the graph assigned identifier will be returned in the JSON after successful graph element creation.
3 Note that when POSTing an index you may also pass a params query string argument. This argument allows configuration parameters to be passed into the index itself (support of this feature is specific to the graph implementation itself). Please read the Neo4j Blueprints implementation for an example on how to configure an index. The params argument is parsed to JSON so a query string that looked like params.to_lower_case=true&params.type=fulltext&params.provider=lucene would construct a map of three index parameters.
4 Rexster utilizes Vertex Query capabilities of Blueprints for these noted operations. These operations accept the following parameters: _label, _properties and limit.

  • _label filters edges by label and may be either a single value or an array of values as in _label=[created,knows]
  • _skip the number of elements to ignore before taking results
  • _take the number of elements to take from the returned set
  • _properties is an array of edge properties to filter on in the following fashion: _properties=[ [weight,>,(f,0.5)], [weight,<,(f,1.0)] ]. Note that property values respect Rexster Data Typing and the following comparators: <=, <, <>, >, >=.

Since these REST operations are returning lists, the standard Rexster Parameters (discussed below) apply. Choosing to use rexster.offset.end to limit to the top N results, is different than using _take in that _take pushes this filtering operation down to the underlying graph making it more efficient than rexster.offset.end which does that filtering within Rexster itself. The same can be said of the use of _skip and rexster.offset.start. This approach also helps those buffering large results sets from Rexster, where the _take size greater than the the desired buffer.

In all cases, parameters may be POSTed or PUTed on the URI or as JSON using one of the Rexster MIME Types.

Rexster Parameters

  • rexster.offset.start – Expects a numeric value that represents the start point for returning a set of records and is used in conjunction with rexster.offset.end to allow for paging of results. If used without a valid rexster.offset.end parameter specified, Rexster will return all remaining records in the set.
  • rexster.offset.end – Expects a numeric value that represents the end point for returning a set of records and is used in conjunction with rexster.offset.start to allow for paging of results. If used without a valid rexster.offset.start parameter specified, Rexster will assume the start value to be zero.
  • rexster.returnKeys – Expects a comma separated list of property names to return in the results. Element meta-data will always be returned even if rexster.returnKeys are specified. If a valid value for this parameter is not specified, then all properties are returned.
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