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raw formats

jeanlf edited this page Feb 23, 2022 · 17 revisions
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HOME » HOWTOs » RAW Formats

Overview

We discuss here how to work with RAW, uncompressed audio and video data in GPAC.

RAW Video

Extracting raw video from a file

gpac -i source.mp4 -o test.yuv

The above command will dump the video content from source.mp4 into a YUV420 8-bits test.yuv.
If the source contains other tracks such as audio or text, they will be ignored as described here.

Discussion
In GPAC, file extension are used to infer the type of data being produced. Note that unless data probing is disabled, this is not the case for input files. For most supported media types, this association is given by the writegen filter, in charge of forwarding media streams of type audio, video, ... into data streams of type file. For more information on codec <-> file extension associations, check the writegen filter capabilities using gpac -hh writegen.

For raw formats, the writegen filter performs a PID capability negotiation to enforce a pixel format (or an audio format) to match the type indicated by the file extension.

  • The association between pixel format and file extension is given here.
  • The association between audio format and file extension is given here.

You can enforce the format even when using a different extension.

gpac -i source.mp4 -o test.foo:ext=yuv

You are obviously not limited to physical file output, this works as well with pipes and sockets:

gpac -i source.mp4 -o pipe://mypipe:ext=yuv
gpac -i source.mp4 -o tcp://127.0.0.1:1234/:ext=yuv
gpac -i source.mp4 -o udp://127.0.0.1:1234/:ext=yuv

Note that in case of pipes or socket, the ext option shall be set to the desired format to solve the chain. See pipes and sockets.

Extracting and resizing raw video from a file

gpac -i source.mp4 ffsws:osize=128x128 -o test.yuv

The above command will dump the video content from source.mp4 into a YUV420 8-bits resized to 128x128 pixels test.yuv.

Discussion
Prior to GPAC 2.0, the following command had to be used:

gpac -i source.mp4 ffsws:osize=128x128 @ -o test.yuv

The link directive @ is used to prevent the decoded YUV/RGB data PID to link against the test.yuv destination, by enforcing the destination to only accept PIDs coming from ffsws, as described in the general documentation. GPAC 2.0 and above simplified command line processing to avoid link directives in most cases.

The simplest way to resize a video in GPAC at the current time is to use the ffmpeg-based rescaler.

The writegen filter used in the extraction process can be used to specify an extraction range using its start and dur options:

gpac -i source.mp4 ffsws:osize=128x128 -o test.yuv:start=10:dur=5

This will resize and extract the video from start time 10s until end range 15s.

Extracting multiple raw videos from a file

gpac -i source.mp4 -o dump_$ID$.yuv:clone

The above command will dump each video track from source.mp4 into a YUV420 8-bits dump_N.yuv with N the video track ID, thanks to URL templating. The clone directive is needed to instantiate 2 output filters, as explained here.

Extracting Frames from a file

gpac -i source.mp4 -o dump_$num$.yuv

The above command will dump each video frame from source.mp4 into a YUV420 8-bits test_N.yuv, with N the frame number.

You can also simply extract to compressed formats by changing destination type (here dump to PNG): gpac -i source.mp4 -o dump_$num$.png

Resizing images while extracting is similar as previously:

gpac -i source.mp4 ffsws:osize=128x128 -o dump_$num$.png

The writegen filter used in the extraction process can be used to specify an extraction range using its start and dur options:

gpac -i source.mp4 ffsws:osize=128x128 -o dump_$num$.png:start=10:dur=5

This will resize and extract the video frames from start time 10s until end range 15s.

Using raw video input

gpac -i source.yuv:size=128x128 vout

The above command will load a raw YUV420 planar 8-bits file using a resolution of 128x128 pixels, and display it using the video output filter. The default frame rate is 25, as indicated in the raw video reframer.

RAW Audio

This is very similar to raw video.

Extracting raw audio from a file

gpac -i source.mp4 -o test.pcm

The above command will dump the audio content from source.mp4 into a 16-bit little endian PCM test.pcm using sample rate and number of channels of source media.

Extracting and resampling raw audio from a file

gpac -i source.mp4 resample:sr=44100:ch=2 -o test.pcm

The above command will dump the audio content from source.mp4 into a 16-bit little endian PCM at test.pcm using 44100 Hz sample rate and two channels.

Using raw audio input

gpac -i source.pcm:sr=44100 aout

The above command will load a raw 16-bit little endian PCM file using 44100 Hz sample rate, and play it using the audio output filter. The default channel count is 2, as indicated in the raw audio reframer.

RAW Audio and Video

Direct extraction

gpac -i source.mp4 -o test.pcm -o test.yuv

The above command will do a one pass raw extraction of audio and video content from source.mp4.

Extraction with processing of raw data

gpac -i source.mp4 resample:sr=44100:ch=2 ffsws:osize=128x128 -o test.pcm -o test.yuv
#or with link directives
gpac -i source.mp4 resample:sr=44100:ch=2 ffsws:osize=128x128 -o test.pcm -o test.yuv

The above command lines will do a one pass raw extraction of audio and video content from source.mp4, performing audio resampling to 44100 Hz stereo and video resizing to 128x128 pixels.