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Lists

Most applications need to display a list of items of one kind or another. Sometimes the items in the list are very simple, like the name of a contact, while other times they are complex, like a drawer containing prompts and buttons.

It's quite a challenge to create a List control supporting a large number of items that can be rendered and scrolled with good performance across the range of devices that Enyo supports. For this reason, Enyo has two broad strategies for dealing with lists of data. When an application needs a relatively small number of items (up to ~100) that are relatively complex, an enyo.Repeater should be used. When an application needs a large number of relatively simple items (into the millions), an enyo.List should be used.

Repeater

enyo.Repeater is a simple control for making lists of items. A repeater does just what its name implies--it repeats the set of controls that are contained within it. The components of a repeater are copied for each item created, and are wrapped in a control that keeps the state of the item index. Any control may be placed inside a repeater, and applications may interact with these controls normally.

The count property specifies the number of times the item controls are repeated; for each repetition, the onSetupItem event is fired. You may handle this event to customize the settings for individual rows, e.g.:

{kind: "Repeater", count: 2, onSetupItem: "setImageSource", components: [
    {kind: "Image"}
]}

setImageSource: function(inSender, inEvent) {
    var index = inEvent.index;
    var item = inEvent.item;
    item.$.image.setSrc(this.imageSources[index]);
    return true;
}

Be sure to return true from your onSetupItem handler to prevent other event handlers further up the tree from trying to modify your item control.

The repeater will always be rebuilt after a call to setCount, even if the count didn't change. This behavior differs from that of most properties, for which no action happens when a set-value call doesn't modify the value. This is done to accomodate potential changes to the data model for the repeater, which may or may not have the same item count as before.

(Note: If the contents of a repeater should scroll, then the repeater should be placed inside an enyo.Scroller.)

List

enyo.List is a control that displays a scrolling list of rows. It is designed to render a very large number of rows efficiently, having been optimized such that only a small portion of the list is rendered at a given time. This is done using a flyweight pattern, in which controls placed inside the list are created once, but rendered for each list item. For this reason, it's best to use only simple controls in a List, such as enyo.Control and enyo.Image.

(Note that enyo.List includes a scroller; therefore, it should not be placed inside an enyo.Scroller.)

A List's components block contains the controls to be used for a single row. This set of controls will be rendered for each row. You may customize the row rendering by handling the onSetupItem event. For example, given the following list...

components: [
    {kind: "List", fit: true, count: 100, onSetupItem: "setupItem", components: [
        {classes: "item", ontap: "itemTap", components: [
            {name: "name"},
            {name: "index", style: "float: right;"}
        ]}
    ]}
]

...one might write event handlers like so:

setupItem: function(inSender, inEvent) {
    // given some available data.
    var data = this.data[inEvent.index];
    // setup the controls for this item.
    this.$.name.setContent(data.name);
    this.$.index.setContent(inEvent.index);
},
itemTap: function(inSender, inEvent) {
    alert("You tapped on row: " + inEvent.index);
}

As this example illustrates, the identity of the row from which the event originated is available to us in the event's index property (i.e., inEvent.index).

Reordering List Items

Since the Enyo 2.2 release, enyo.List has shipped with built-in support for reordering items within the list. When a list has reorderable items, a tap-and-hold (or mouse click-and-hold) on an item will make the item moveable. The user may then drag the item to the desired location within the list, and drop the item to complete the reordering.

The developer controls the details of the reordering behavior in the handler methods for the onSetupReorderComponents, onSetupPinnedReorderComponents, and onReorder events.

By default, the items in a list are not reorderable; to enable reorderability, set the list's reorderable property to true.

For an example of reorderable list items in action, see the "Swipeable-Reorderable list" sample in the Layout > Lists section of the Enyo Sampler.

Swiping List Items

Also introduced in Enyo 2.2 was support for interacting with individual list items via swiping. When a list has swipeable items, a horizontal swipe gesture (or mouse click-and-flick) on an item triggers a series of events (onSetupSwipeItem, onSwipeDrag, onSwipe, and onSwipeComplete), which the developer may handle to achieve the desired behavior.

By default, the items in a list are swipeable; to disable swipeability, set the list's enableSwipe property to false.

Again, to see swipeable list items in action, check out the "Swipeable-Reorderable list" sample under Layout > Lists in the Enyo Sampler.

The Flyweight Pattern

If swipeable list items do not meet your needs for interactivity, be aware that there is an another way to alter the contents of a row in an enyo.List. In order to use it effectively, however, one must understand the implications of the flyweight pattern used in lists.

Any time a list row is rendered, the onSetupItem event is fired. An application can therefore control the rendering of the controls in a row by calling methods on those controls within this event's handler. An application can update a specific row by forcing it to render using the list's renderRow(inIndex) method.

In addition, it is possible to create controls with more complex interactions that are specifically tailored to function correctly in a flyweight context. Events for controls in a list will be decorated with both the index of the row being interacted with and the flyweight controller for the control (i.e., event.index and event.flyweight). The list's prepareRow(inIndex) method can be used to assign the list's controls to a specific list row, allowing persistent interactivity with that row. When the interaction is complete, the list's lockRow method should be called.

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