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Bootplate

The Bootplate template provides a complete starter project that supports source control and cross-platform deployment out of the box. It can be used to facilitate both the creation of a new project and the preparation for its eventual deployment.

Quick Start with Bootplate

There are two ways to use the Bootplate template to start a new project. Whether or not you want your project to live on GitHub will determine which one is right for you.

The GitHub Way

  1. If you want your new project to be created as its own GitHub repository, the first step is to fork, or duplicate, the Bootplate template project.

    Refer to the document on Dupliforking for instructions on how to spawn a new repository from the Bootplate project.

  2. Load debug.html in a browser and see "Hello World".

Even if you don't plan to "duplifork" Bootplate so you can push back to GitHub, note that if you pull the bootplate repo from GitHub, you will still need to initialize the enyo/lib submodules by running the following command from within the Bootplate app's directory:

git submodule update --init

By default, Bootplate includes the layout and onyx libraries as submodules. We've chosen not to include g11n in the base project, since it's a fairly large library that not everyone will use. You may add it as a submodule in your by issuing the command:

git submodule add https://github.com/enyojs/g11n.git lib/g11n

and then editing the root package.js file to include the $lib/g11n folder in the list of dependencies.

Also note that the references to the submodules in the .gitmodules file may not work if you're behind a firewall that affects HTTP communication. You may manually edit this file in your local copy of Bootplate to tailor it for your specific environment. For example, in our Bootplate-based api-tool and sampler repos, we've modified the .gitmodules files to use relative URL references. (Be aware, however, that this particular change will only work for your project if you also fork enyo and its libraries into your own GitHub account.)

The Non-GitHub Way

  1. If you have downloaded the Enyo source from enyojs.com, the zip archive should contain a copy of the Bootplate template (without the source control hooks) in a top-level directory called bootplate. Locate this folder and open it.

  2. Load debug.html in a browser and see "Hello World".

Development

At this point, you would refine your project through the normal cycle of development and testing, starting with the source/App.js and source/App.css files provided in the template. As your app grows to include more and more JavaScript and CSS files, and libraries with their own package.js files, make sure to include these in your top-level source/package.js and the minify and deploy scripts described below will combine them all into a single JavaScript file and a single CSS file for deployment.

For the purposes of this article, let's assume that you've completed all of your work on the "HelloWorld" app, and turn our attention to the deployment process.

Preparing for Deployment

By following the structure established by the Bootplate template, you set yourself up for a relatively pain-free experience when it comes time to prepare your finished app for deployment:

  1. Check that you have the node.js runtime installed on your system. You'll need version 0.6 or later for the deployment scripts to work. You can download it from nodejs.org.

  2. Make a deployment build by doing the following:

    * Open a command prompt (Windows) or terminal window (Mac/Linux).
    
    * On the command line, navigate to root of your bootplate folder.
    
    * Run the `tools\deploy.bat` script (Windows) or `./tools/deploy.sh`
    (Mac/Linux).
    
    (Note: For releases prior to 2.1.1, navigate to the `tools` folder and
    run `deploy.bat` or `./deploy.sh`)
    

    The deploy script invokes the minify script; it is typically not necessary to call minify directly.

    minify creates one compressed JavaScript file and one compressed CSS file for your app, which it then writes to a folder called build.

    After minify completes, deploy copies a subset of the project files (including the build folder) into a subfolder within the deploy folder.

  3. Open the deployment folder, load index.html in a browser, and see "Hello World" (but faster!).

Now your project is ready to deploy to various HTML5-ready targets. For details about deploying an app to specific platforms, see Platform-Specific Deployment.

Additional Notes on Bootplate Projects

Embedded Enyo

Bootplate projects are set up to use embedded enyo. In other words, the Enyo library and other dependencies are stored completely inside the project folder. These resources are relatively small, and keeping all the dependencies together allows the developer to control versions and to easily deploy sealed packages (e.g., PhoneGap builds).

Submodules for Versioning

Resources from other repositories are included as git submodules. This way, you can control the versions of those resources in your project directly from git (you can lock to a version, update, or revert at will).

In particular, the enyo folder and package libraries in the lib folder are actually submodules.

Development vs. Deployment

When developing and debugging your project, it's common to need various source files and helper tools that are not needed in the final package. For this reason, we have the concept of making an application deployment. A deployment refers to a final production package, ready for inclusion in an app store or other method of distribution.

An important feature of Bootplate projects is that you can generate deployments from them with relative ease.

Folder Structure

A Bootplate project has the following structure:

api/
assets/
build/
enyo/
lib/
source/
tools/
debug.html
index.html
  • api has a minified version of the EnyoJS API tool with its manifest pointing to the copy of enyo and its libraries that come with Bootplate.

  • assets contains images or other data files for you projects. Files in this folder are intended to be necessary for deployment.

  • build contains JavaScript and CSS source files that have passed through the Enyo minifier script. If the build folder does not exist, it will be created when the minifier is run.

  • enyo contains the Enyo framework source files. This folder is only necessary for debugging, and can be deleted for deployment.

  • lib contains various plugin files. Individual folders in lib can come from various sources and may have custom rules for deployment. In general, assets or images folders are required, and other files are only for debugging.

  • source contains the code source files or other debug-only materials.

  • tools contains the deploy and minify shell scripts.

  • debug.html loads the application without using any built files; loading debug.html is generally the easiest way to debug.

  • index.html loads the application using built files only. If built files are not available, it will redirect to debug.html.

Updating the Submodules Manually

If you want to use top-of-tree versions of Enyo, Layout, and Onyx, you can do this with a couple of git commands:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout master'
git submodule foreach 'git pull'

The first command switches each submodule from being pinned to a specific commit to being on the master branch, while the second pulls any new source changes from GitHub. You can also manually check out specific tags or branches if you wish.

If you want to use stable code, the Enyo team manually updates the submodules links from time to time as we make updates to Bootplate, so you can just pull the bootplate repo and then use git submodule update to refresh your local tree.

Additional Reading

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