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Jez Nicholson edited this page Jan 23, 2018 · 16 revisions

Symbolizer that specifies rendering of an image from any GDAL supported format using the GDAL plugin, from GeoTiff's using the Raster plugin or from PostGIS using the PgRaster plugin.

  • Mapnik supports on-the-fly reprojection of raster layers (like it does for vector layers)

  • However, for optimal performance it can be best to first (externally) warp an image to the Spatial Reference System (srs) used in the map (e.g. using the gdalwarp command from the gdal-utilities).

  • As of Mapnik 0.6.0 the RasterSymbolizer supports transparency and composition modes.

  • See the original ticket for details: #259

  • See also Compositing for some of the effects.

  • This Symbolizer is often used with DEM (digital elevation model) data containing missing values (for example NASA SRTM DEM data); to achieve nice rendering, the tool might be useful.

  • As of Mapnik 0.8 the RasterSymbolizer can be assigned a RasterColorizer to color a raw data raster according to a palette. This is useful for visualizing scientific data, dynamically changing the color gradient of a DEM, etc...

Processed as described in


parameter value description
opacity 0.0 - 1.0 1 is fully opaque while zero is fully transparent and .5 would be 50% transparent
comp-op (previously called mode in <= Mapnik 2.0.x) grain_merge, grain_merge2, multiply, multiply2, divide, divide2, screen, hard_light Compositing/Merging effects with image below raster level (?). The formulas for combinding foreground (raster) and background are: grain_merge: bg + fg - 0.5, grain_merge2: bg + 2fg - 1.0, multiply: fg * bg, multiply2: 2 * fg * bg, divide: bg / fg, divide2: 2bg / fg, screen: (1-fg)*(1-bg), hardlight: see
scaling fast, bilinear, bilinear8

There are three types of raster datasources: gdal, raster or pgraster:

  • The GDAL plugin is more convenient as it can read the file extents automatically and supports any GDAL-supported type of file
  • The Raster driver only works with Tiled or Stripped GeoTIFF files and requires manually setting the file bounds, but can be faster.
  • The PgRaster driver requires manually setting the band number to use as databand.

XML Layers

See the GDAL, Raster and PgRaster plugin pages for more info

XML Styles

Default (simply renders a copy of the raster)

    <Style name="My Style">

Using the new 0.6.0 release opacity / merging / scaling options:

    <Style name="raster">
                <!-- scaling="fast" -->
                <!-- scaling="bilinear8" -->

                <!-- mode="grain_merge" -->
                <!-- mode="grain_merge2" -->
                <!-- mode="multiply" -->
                <!-- mode="divide" -->
                <!-- mode="divide2" -->
                <!-- mode="screen" -->
                <!-- mode="hard_light" -->
                <!-- optional <RasterColorizer/> goes here -->

Python Styles

    s = Style()



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