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@imiric imiric released this Sep 21, 2020 · 77 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.28.0 is here! 🎉 It's a small release that adds some much requested features and a few important bugfixes!

Starting with this release, we'll be trying to stick to a new 8-week fixed release schedule for new k6 versions. This release comes ~8 weeks after v0.27.0 was released, and k6 v0.29.0 should be released in mid-November.

New features and enhancements!

Cloud execution logs (#1599)

Logs from distributed k6 cloud test runs will now be shown in the terminal that executed the k6 cloud command, as well as in the k6 cloud web app on app.k6.io! 🎉 This means that, if your script contains console.log() / console.warn() / etc. calls, or some of your requests or iterations fail, you'd be able to see that and debug them much more easily! Even --http-debug data should be proxied, up to 10000 bytes per message. To prevent abuse and not to overwhelm any user terminals, cloud logs are rate-limited at 10 messages per second per instance, for now, but that should be more than enough to debug most issues!

This feature is enabled by default, though you can disable it with k6 cloud --show-logs=false script.js.

Pushing k6 logs to loki (#1576)

k6 can now push its execution logs to a loki server! This can be done via the new --log-output CLI flag or the K6_LOG_OUTPUT environment variable option. For example, k6 run --log-output "loki=https://my-loki-server/loki/api/v1/push,limit=100,level=info,msgMaxSize=10000" will push up to 100 k6 log messages per second, of severity INFO and up, truncated to 10000 bytes, to https://my-loki-server.

Optional port to host mappings (#1489)

@calavera added an extension for the host mapping feature. Now you can specify different port numbers via the hosts option, like this:

import http from 'k6/http';

export let options = {
    hosts: {
        'test.k6.io': '127.0.0.1:8080',
    },
};

Support for specifying data types to InfluxDB fields (#1395)

@TamiTakamiya added support for specifying the data type (int/float/bool/string) of fields that are emitted to InfluxDB outputs.

In order to specify the data type, you should:

  • Use the environment variable K6_INFLUXDB_TAGS_AS_FIELDS, which is used to specify which k6 metric tag values should be sent as nonindexable fields (instead of tags) to an InfluxDB output. This is specified as a comma-separated string, and is now extended to optionally allow specifying a data type to each name.
  • Each pair of field name and its data type is represented in the format (name):(data_type), for example, event_processing_time:int.
  • One of four data types (int, float, bool and string) can be specified to one field name.
  • When the colon and a data_type are omitted, for example transaction_id, it is interpreted as a string field.

A complete example can look like this: export K6_INFLUXDB_TAGS_AS_FIELDS="vu:int,iter:int,url:string,boolField:bool,floatField:float"

Note: If you have existing InfluxDB databases that contain fields whose data types are different from the ones that you want to save in future k6 test executions, you may want to create a new database or change field names as the current InfluxDB offers limited support for changing fields' data type. See the InfluxDB documentation for more details.

Support for automatic gzip-ing of the CSV output result (#1566)

@thejasbabu added support to gzip archiving the file emitted by the CSV output on the fly. To use it, simply append .gz at the end of the file name, like this: k6 run --out csv=test.csv.gz test.js

UX

  • Various spacing and progress bar rendering issues were improved (#1580).
  • The k6 ASCII logo was made a bit more proportional (#1615). Thanks, @rawtaz!
  • The docker-compose example setup from the k6 repo now contains a built-in simple dashboard (#1610). Thanks, @jeevananthank!
  • Some logs now have a source field specifying if a log comes from console, http-debug or stacktrace (when an exception has bubbled to the top of the iteration).

Bugs fixed!

  • Network: IPv6 support was fixed as a part of the new hosts port mapping (#1489). Thanks, @calavera!
  • Metrics: Fixed the wrong name metric tag for redirected requests (#1474).
  • UI: Fixed a divide by zero panic caused by some unusual execution environments that present a TTY, but return 0 for the terminal size (#1581).
  • Config: Fixed the parsing of K6_DATADOG_TAG_BLACKLIST (#1602).
  • Config: Fixed marshaling of tlsCipherSuites and tlsVersion (#1603). Thanks, @berndhartzer!
  • WebSockets: Fixed a ws.SetTimeout() and ws.SetInterval() panic when float values were passed (#1608).

Internals

  • goja, the JavaScript runtime k6 uses, was updated to the latest version. This means that k6 with --compatibility-mode=base now supports some standard library features from ES6 (goja's PR), though no new syntax yet. In future versions we plan to drop some current core.js modules that are no longer needed, which should greatly reduce memory usage per VU (#1588).
  • Go modules are now used to manage the k6 dependencies instead of dep (#1584).

Breaking changes

  • k6 cloud will now proxy execution logs back to the client machine. To disable this behavior, use k6 cloud --show-logs=false.

  • --http-debug request and response dumps are now emitted through the logging sub-system, to facilitate the cloud log proxying (#1577).

Assets 8

@na-- na-- released this Jul 30, 2020 · 167 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.27.1 is a minor release with a few bugfixes and almost no functional changes compared to v0.27.0.

The biggest fix was resolving a panic (and some k6 login errors) when k6 was ran through git bash / Mintty on Windows (#1559).

k6 will now work in those terminals, however, if you're using git bash or Mintty as your terminal on Windows, you might not get the best user experience out of k6. Consider using a different terminal like Windows Terminal, PowerShell or Cmder. Alternatively, to work around the issues with the incompatible terminals, you can try running k6 through winpty, which should already be preinstalled in your git bash environment: winpty k6 run script.js.

If you're using the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), you are probably going to get better experience by using the official Linux k6 binary or .deb package. For all other cases of running k6 on Windows, the normal k6 Windows binary / .msi package should work well.

Other minor fixes and changes:

  • The Go version that k6 is compiled with was updated to 1.14.6, to incorporate the latest Go fixes (#1563).
  • If the throw option is enabled, warnings for failed HTTP requests will no longer be logged to the console (#1199).
  • Metric sample packets sent to the cloud with k6 run --out cloud can now be sent in parallel via the new K6_CLOUD_METRIC_PUSH_CONCURRENCY option, with a default value of 1 (#1569).
  • The gracefulRampDown VU requirement calculations for the ramping-vus executor were greatly optimized for large test runs (#1567).
  • Fixed a rare bug where dropped_iterations wouldn't be emitted by the per-vu-iterations executor on time due to a race (#1357).
  • Metrics, including checks, from setup() and teardown(), were not correctly shown in local k6 runs (#949).
Assets 8

@na-- na-- released this Jul 14, 2020 · 190 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.27.0 is here! 🎉

This is a milestone release containing a major overhaul to the execution subsystem of k6, along with many improvements and bug fixes.

New features and enhancements!

New execution engine (#1007)

After 1.5 years in the making, the k6 team is proud to release the first public version of the new execution engine, offering users new ways of modeling advanced load testing scenarios that can more closely represent real-world traffic patterns.

These new scenarios are entirely optional, and the vast majority of existing k6 scripts and options should continue to work the same as before. There are several minor breaking changes and fixes of previously undefined behavior, but please create a new issue if you find some issue we haven't explicitly noted as a breaking change.

See the documentation for details and examples, or keep reading for the summary.

New executors

Some of the currently possible script execution patterns were formalized into standalone executors:

  • shared-iterations: a fixed number of iterations are "shared" by all VUs, and the test ends once all iterations are executed. This executor is equivalent to the global vus and iterations (plus optional duration) options.
  • constant-vus: a fixed number of VUs execute as many iterations as possible for a specified amount of time. This executor is equivalent to the global vus and duration options.
  • ramping-vus: a variable number of VUs execute as many iterations as possible for a specified amount of time. This executor is equivalent to the global stages option.
  • externally-controlled: control and scale execution at runtime via k6's REST API or the CLI.

You'd still be able to use the global vus, iterations, duration, and stages options, they are not deprecated! They are just transparently converted to one of the above executors underneath the hood. And if your test run needs just a single, simple scenario, you may never need to use more than these shortcut options. For more complicated use cases however, you can now fine-tune any of these executors with additional options, and use multiple different executors in the same test run, via the new scenarios option, described below.

Additionally, besides the 4 "old" executor types, there are 3 new executors, added to support some of the most frequently requested load testing scenarios that were previously difficult or impossible to model in k6:

  • per-vu-iterations: each VU executes a fixed number of iterations (#381).
  • constant-arrival-rate: iterations are started at a specified fixed rate, for a specified duration. This allows k6 to dynamically change the amount of active VUs during a test run, to achieve the specified amount of iterations per period. This can be very useful for a more accurate representation of RPS (requests per second), for example. See #550 for details.
  • ramping-arrival-rate: a variable number of iterations are executed in a specified period of time. This is similar to the ramping VUs executor, but instead of specifying how many VUs should loop through the script at any given point in time, the iterations per second k6 should execute at that point in time can be specified.

It's important to also note that all of these executors, except the externally-controlled one, can be used both in local k6 execution with k6 run, and in the distributed cloud execution with k6 cloud. This even includes "old" executors that were previously unavailable in the cloud, like the shared-iterations one. Now, you can execute something like k6 cloud --iterations 10000 --vus 100 script.js without any issues.

Execution scenarios and executor options

Multiple execution scenarios can now be configured in a single test run via the new scenarios option. These scenarios can run both sequentially and in parallel, and can independently execute different script functions, have different executor types and execution options, and have custom environment variables and metrics tags.

An example using 3 scenarios:

import http from 'k6/http';
import { sleep } from 'k6';

export let options = {
    scenarios: {
        my_web_test: { // some arbitrary scenario name
            executor: 'constant-vus',
            vus: 50,
            duration: '5m',
            gracefulStop: '0s', // do not wait for iterations to finish in the end
            tags: { test_type: 'website' }, // extra tags for the metrics generated by this scenario
            exec: 'webtest', // the function this scenario will execute
        },
        my_api_test_1: {
            executor: 'constant-arrival-rate',
            rate: 90, timeUnit: '1m', // 90 iterations per minute, i.e. 1.5 RPS
            duration: '5m',
            preAllocatedVUs: 10, // the size of the VU (i.e. worker) pool for this scenario
            maxVUs: 10, // we don't want to allocate more VUs mid-test in this scenario

            tags: { test_type: 'api' }, // different extra metric tags for this scenario
            env: { MY_CROC_ID: '1' }, // and we can specify extra environment variables as well!
            exec: 'apitest', // this scenario is executing different code than the one above!
        },
        my_api_test_2: {
            executor: 'ramping-arrival-rate',
            startTime: '30s', // the ramping API test starts a little later
            startRate: 50, timeUnit: '1s', // we start at 50 iterations per second
            stages: [
                { target: 200, duration: '30s' }, // go from 50 to 200 iters/s in the first 30 seconds
                { target: 200, duration: '3m30s' }, // hold at 200 iters/s for 3.5 minutes
                { target: 0, duration: '30s' }, // ramp down back to 0 iters/s over the last 30 second
            ],
            preAllocatedVUs: 50, // how large the initial pool of VUs would be
            maxVUs: 100, // if the preAllocatedVUs are not enough, we can initialize more

            tags: { test_type: 'api' }, // different extra metric tags for this scenario
            env: { MY_CROC_ID: '2' }, // same function, different environment variables
            exec: 'apitest', // same function as the scenario above, but with different env vars
        },
    },
    discardResponseBodies: true,
    thresholds: {
        // we can set different thresholds for the different scenarios because
        // of the extra metric tags we set!
        'http_req_duration{test_type:api}': ['p(95)<250', 'p(99)<350'],
        'http_req_duration{test_type:website}': ['p(99)<500'],
        // we can reference the scenario names as well
        'http_req_duration{scenario:my_api_test_2}': ['p(99)<300'],
    }
};

export function webtest() {
    http.get('https://test.k6.io/contacts.php');
    sleep(Math.random() * 2);
}

export function apitest() {
    http.get(`https://test-api.k6.io/public/crocodiles/${__ENV.MY_CROC_ID}/`);
    // no need for sleep() here, the iteration pacing will be controlled by the
    // arrival-rate executors above!
}

As shown in the example above and the documentation, all executors have some additional options that improve their flexibility and facilitate code reuse, especially in multi-scenario test runs:

  • Each executor has a startTime property, which defines at what time, relative to the beginning of the whole test run, the scenario will start being executed.
  • Executors have a new gracefulStop property that allows for iterations to complete gracefully for some amount of time after the normal executor duration is over (#879, #1033). The ramping-vus executor additionally also has gracefulRampDown, to give iterations time to finish when VUs are ramped down. The default value for both options is 30s, so it's a slight breaking change, but the old behavior of immediately interrupting iterations can easily be restored by setting these options to 0s.
  • Different executors can execute different functions other than the default exported one. This can be specified by the exec option in each scenarios config, and allows for more flexibility in organizing your tests, easier code reuse, building test suites, etc.
  • To allow for even greater script flexibility and code reuse, you can specify different environment variables and tags in each scenario, via the new env and tags executor options respectively.
  • k6 may now emit a new dropped_iterations metric in the shared-iterations, per-vu-iterations, constant-arrival-rate and ramping-arrival-rate executors; this is done if it can't run an iteration on time, depending on the configured rates (for the arrival-rate executors) or scenario maxDuration (for the iteration-based executors), so it's generally a sign of a poor config or an overloaded system under test (#1529).

We've also introduced new --execution-segment and --execution-segment-sequence options, which allow for relatively easy partitioning of test runs across multiple k6 instances. Initially this applies to the test execution (all new executor types are supported!), but opens the door to test data partitioning, an often requested feature. See #997 for more details.

UX

  • CLI: There are separate descriptions and real-time thread-safe progress bars for each individual executor.
  • CLI: Improve module import error message (#1439).
  • JS: The __VU variable is now available in the script init context, allowing easier splitting of test input data per VU and reducing RAM usage (#889).
  • A new method to stop engine execution via the REST API (#1352). Thanks @hynd!

Bugs fixed!

  • CLI: Stop --http-debug from exiting k6 on request dump error (#1402). Thanks @berndhartzer!
  • CLI: JSON output is now less noisy (#1469). Thanks @michiboo!
  • CLI: k6 doesn't exit when using iterations with stages (#812).
  • CLI: Mismatch in check counts in the end-of-test summary (#1033).
  • Config: Better validation of stages (#875).
  • JS: Rare panics in goja (#867,#1552).
  • HTTP: Fix request timeout and wrong context used for pushing metrics (#1260).
  • Execution: Fix sometimes skipping iterations with a context cancelled error when rapidly ramping up and down (#1283).
  • WebSockets: Fix possible connection hanging when the main context is cancelled (#1260).
  • WebSockets: Avoid leaking goroutines (#1513).
  • WebSockets: Emit WS metrics as soon as possible instead of when the connection is closed (#885).

Internals

  • As mentioned above, #1007 was almost a complete re-write of the execution scheduling parts of k6. This involved deep architectural changes in how test runs are executed and improved overall code coverage by around 2%.
  • Switched to Go 1.14 for building and testing k6, bringing some fixes and performance improvements.
  • WebSockets: Updated gorilla/websocket library bringing minor performance improvements (#1515).
  • Code cleanup and formatting. Thanks @thinkerou!

Breaking changes

  • Execution config options (scenarios, stages, iterations, duration) from "upper" config layers overwrite execution options from "lower" (i.e. CLI flags > environment variables > JS options > JSON options) config layers. For example, the --iterations CLI flag will overwrite any execution options set as environment variables (e.g. K6_DURATION, K6_STAGES, etc.) or script options (stages: [ /* ... */], scenarios: { /* ... */ }, etc. ).

  • Previously, if the iterations and vus script options were specified, but duration was not, the script could have ran practically indefinitely, given a sufficiently large number or length of the used iterations. There was no implicit or explicit time limit, one of the reasons this execution pattern was not allowed in k6 cloud test runs before. From k6 v0.27.0, by default, if the specified iterations haven't finished, these scripts will abort after 10 minutes, the default maxDuration value of shared-iterations executors. This default value can easily be changed by either setting the maxDuration option in the corresponding scenarios entry, or, if just the execution shortcuts were used to run the script, by setting the duration / --duration / K6_DURATION script option.

  • Previously, all iterations were interruptible - as soon as the specified duration expired, or when VUs were ramped down in a stage, any running iterations were interrupted. Now all executors besides the externally-controlled one have a gracefulStop period of 30s by default (#898). Additionally, the ramping-vus executor has a gracefulRampDown parameter that configures the ramp-down grace period. For those periods, no new iterations will be started by the executors, but any currently running iterations will be allowed up to the specified periods to finish their execution.

  • Using different execution config options on the same level is now a configuration conflict error and will abort the script. For example, executing k6 run --duration 10s --stages 5s:20 script.js won't work (#812). The only exception is combining duration and iterations, which will result in a shared-iterations executor with the specified non-default maxDuration (#1058).

  • The k6 REST API for controlling script execution (i.e. the k6 pause, k6 scale commands) now only works when a externally-controlled executor is configured in the scenarios config. The initial pausing of a test (i.e. k6 run --paused script.js) still works with all executor types, but once the test is started with k6 resume (or the corresponding REST API call), it can't be paused again unless only the externally-controlled executor is used.

  • Previously, running a script with k6 run --paused script.js would have still executed the script's setup() function (if it was present and wasn't explicitly disabled with --no-setup) and paused immediately after. Now, k6 will pause before it executes setup().

  • Previously, if you ramped down and ramped up VUs via stages, the __VU global variables would have been incremented on the ramp-ups. This will no longer happen, the max value of __VU across a test run will never exceed the number of initialized VUs.

  • The vusMax / K6_VUS_MAX / -m / --max option is deprecated - it was previously used for the control of the initialized VUs by the REST API. Since that has now been restricted to the externally-controlled executor, the equivalent option there is called maxVUs.

  • Tests with infinite duration are now only possible via the externally-controlled executor.

  • k6 will now exit with an error if --address is specified but the API server is unable to start. Previously this would've resulted in a warning message.

  • The format returned by Date.prototype.toUTCString() was changed from Thu Jan 01 1970 00:00:00 GMT+0000 (UTC) to Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT. This is a fix that aligns it with the ECMAScript spec. See dop251/goja#119 .

  • The default setupTimeout and teardownTimeout values were changed from 10s to 60s (#1356).

Assets 9

@imiric imiric released this Mar 18, 2020 · 628 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.26.2 is a minor release that updates the used Go version for the Windows builds to Go 1.13.8. Due to an oversight, previous v0.26 k6 builds for Windows used an old Go version, while builds of other OSes used the correct one. This is meant to address an issue in the Go net/http package: golang/go#34285 .

There are no functional changes compared to v0.26.1.

Assets 8

@na-- na-- released this Feb 24, 2020 · 628 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.26.1 is here! This is a minor release that supports the rebranding of LoadImpact to k6, the new k6.io website, and the new k6 cloud service! 🎉

In practical terms, all that it means for k6 is that the URLs for cloud tests will point to https://app.k6.io, instead of https://app.loadimpact.com. The old URLs (and old k6 versions) will still continue to work - for the next 3 months the old app and the new one would work in parallel, and after that period the old app will redirect to the new one. Nothing changes in regards to the k6 open source project and our commitment to it!

You can find more information about the rebranding in our blog post about it: https://k6.io/blog/load-impact-rebranding-to-k6

Changes in this release compared to v0.26.0:

  • Fix how HTTP request timeouts are specified internally. This is not a bug in current k6 releases, it only affects k6 if it is compiled with Go 1.14, which at this time is still not officially released. (#1261)
  • Improve the official docker image to use an unprivileged user. Thanks, @funkypenguin! (#1314)
  • Fix the unintentional sharing of __ENV between VUs, which could result in data races and crashes of k6. (#1329)
  • Update cloud URLs to point to https://app.k6.io instead of https://app.loadimpact.com. (#1335)
Assets 8

@na-- na-- released this Dec 16, 2019 · 650 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.26.0 is here! 🎉

This release contains mostly bug fixes, though it also has several new features and enhancements! They include a new JS compatibility mode option, exporting the end-of-test summary to a JSON report file, speedups to the InfluxDB and JSON outputs, http.batch() improvements, a brand new CSV output, multiple layered HTTP response body decompression, being able to use console in the init context, a new optional column in the summary, and Docker improvements!

Thanks to @Sirozha1337, @openmohan, @MMartyn, @KajdeMunter, @dmitrytokarev and @dimatock for contributing to this release!

New features and enhancements!

A new JavaScript compatibility mode option (#1206)

This adds a way to disable the automatic script transformation by Babel (v6.4.2) and loading of core-js (v2) polyfills, bundled in k6. With the new base compatibility mode, k6 will instead rely only on the goja runtime and what is built into k6.
This can be configured through the new --compatibility-mode CLI flag and the K6_COMPATIBILITY_MODE environment variable. The possible values currently are:

  • extended: this is the default and current compatibility mode, which uses Babel and core.js to achieve ES6+ compatibility.
  • base: an optional mode that disables loading of Babel and core.js, running scripts with only goja's native ES5.1+ compatibility. If the test scripts don't require ES6 compatibility (e.g. they were previously transformed by Babel), this option can be used to reduce RAM usage during test runs.

More info what this means can be found in the documentation.

Our benchmarks show a considerable drop in memory usage - around 80% for simple scripts, and around 50% in the case of 2MB script with a lot of static data in it. The CPU usage is mostly unchanged, except that k6 initializes test runs a lot faster. All of those benefits will be most noticeable if k6 is used with big number of VUs (1k+). More performance comparisons can be found in #1167.

JSON export of the end-of-test summary report (#1168)

This returns (from the very early days of k6) the ability to output the data from the end of test summary in a machine-readable JSON file.
This report can be enabled by the --summary-export <file_path> CLI flag or the K6_SUMMARY_EXPORT environment variable. The resulting JSON file will include data for all test metrics, checks and thresholds.

New CSV output (#1067)

There is an entirely new csv output that can be enabled by using the --out csv CLI flag. There are two things that can be configured: the output file with K6_CSV_FILENAME (by default it's file.csv), and the interval of pushing metrics to disk, which is configured with K6_CSV_SAVE_INTERVAL (1 second by default). Both of those can be configured by the CLI as well: --out csv=somefile.csv will output to somefile.csv and --out file_name=somefile.csv,save_interval=2s will output again to somefile.csv, but will flush the data every 2 seconds instead of every second.

The first line of the output is the names of columns and looks like:

metric_name,timestamp,metric_value,check,error,error_code,group,method,name,proto,status,subproto,tls_version,url,extra_tags
http_reqs,1573131887,1.000000,,,,,GET,http://httpbin.org/,HTTP/1.1,200,,,http://httpbin.org/,
http_req_duration,1573131887,116.774321,,,,,GET,http://httpbin.org/,HTTP/1.1,200,,,http://httpbin.org/,
http_req_blocked,1573131887,148.691247,,,,,GET,http://httpbin.org/,HTTP/1.1,200,,,http://httpbin.org/,
http_req_connecting,1573131887,112.593448,,,,,GET,http://httpbin.org/,HTTP/1.1,200,,,http://httpbin.org/,

All thanks to @Sirozha1337!

JSON output optimizations (#1114)

The JSON output no longer blocks the goroutine sending samples to the file, but instead (like all other outputs) buffers the samples and writes them at regular intervals (100ms and is currently not configurable). It also uses a slightly faster way of encoding the data, which should decrease the memory usage by a small amount.

Another improvement is the ability to compress the generated JSON file by simply adding .gz to the end of the file name. Compressed files are typically 30x smaller.

InfluxDB output improvements (#1113)

The InfluxDB output has been updated to use less memory and try to send smaller and consistent chunks of data to InfluxDB, in order to not drop packets and be more efficient. This is primarily done by sending data in parallel, as this seems to be better from a performance perspective, and more importantly, queuing data in separate packets, so that we don't send the data for a big time period all at once. Also, the used library was updated, which also decreased the memory usage.

Two new options were added:

  • K6_INFLUXDB_PUSH_INTERVAL - configures at what interval the collected data is queued to be sent to InfluxDB. By default this is "1s".
  • K6_INFLUXDB_CONCURRENT_WRITES - configures the number of concurrent write calls to InfluxDB. If this limit is reached the next writes will be queued and made when a slot is freed. By default this is 10.

console is now available in the init context (#982):

This wasn't supported for the longest time, which made debugging things outside of VU code much harder, but now it's here! 🎉

In order to get this feature shipped in a timely manner, it currently has a known bug. The output of console calls in the init context will always be written to the stderr, even if the --console-output option is specified. This bug is tracked in #1131

HTTP response body decompression with multiple layered algorithms (#1125)

In v0.25.0 compressing bodies was added and it had support for multiple layered algorithms. Now this is also true for decompressing bodies when k6 gets them as responses.

New optional count column in the end-of-test summary (#1143)

The --summary-trend-stats now also recognizes count as a valid column and will output the count of samples in all Trend metrics. This could be especially useful for custom Trend metrics, since with them you no longer need to specify a separate accompanying Counter metric.

Docker Compose refactor (#1183)

The example docker-compose that enabled easy running of InfluxDB+Grafana+k6 was refactored and all the images were updated to use the latest stable versions.

Thanks, @KajdeMunter!

Also the k6 Dockerfile Alpine version was bumped to 3.10. Thanks @dmitrytokarev!

http.batch() improvements and optimizations (#1259)

We made several small improvements to the mechanism for executing multiple HTTP requests simultaneously from a single VU:

  • Calling http.batch() should now be more efficient, especially for many requests, because of reduced locking, type conversions, and goroutine spawning.
  • The default value for batchPerHost has been reduced from 0 (unlimited) to 6, to more closely match browser behavior. The default value for the batch option remains unchanged at 20.
  • Calling http.batch(arg), where arg is an array, would now return an array. Previously, this would have returned an object with integer keys, as explained in #767... Now http.batch() will return an array when you pass it an array, and return an object when you pass an object.

UX

  • Better timeout messages for setup and teardown timeouts, including hints on how to fix them. (#1173)
  • When a folder is passed to open(), the resulting error message will now include the path to the specified folder. (#1238)
  • The k6 version output will now include more information - the git commit it was built from (in most cases), as well as the used Go version and architecture. (#1235)

Bugs fixed!

  • Cloud: Stop sending metrics to the cloud output when the cloud returns that you have reached the limit. (#1130)
  • JS: Fail a check if an uncaught error is thrown inside of it. (#1137)
  • HTTP: Replace any user credentials in the metric sample tags with * when emitting HTTP metrics. (#1132)
  • WS: Many fixes:
    • return an error instead of panicking if an error occurs during the making of the WebSocket connection (#1127)
    • calling the error handler on an error when closing the WebSocket, instead of calling with a null (#1118)
    • correctly handle server initiated close (#1186)
  • JSON: Better error messages when parsing JSON fails. Now telling you at which line and row the error is instead of just the offset. Thanks, @openmohan! (#905)
  • HTTP: Use Request's GetBody in order to be able to get the body multiple times for a single request as needed in 308 redirects of posts and if the server sends GOAWAY with no error. (#1093)
  • JS: Don't export internal go struct fields of script options.(#1151)
  • JS: Ignore minIterationDuration for setup and teardown. (#1175)
  • HTTP: Return error on any request that returns 101 status code as k6 currently doesn't support any protocol upgrade behavior. (#1172)
  • HTTP: Correctly capture TCP reset by peer and broken pipe errors and give them the appropriate error_code metric tag values. (#1164)
  • Config: Don't interpret non-K6_ prefixed environment variables as k6 configuration, most notably DURATION and ITERATIONS. (#1215)
  • JS/html: Selection.map was not wrapping the nodes it was outputting, which lead to wrongly using the internal Goquery.Selection instead of k6's Selection. Thanks to @MMartyn for reporting this! (#1198)
  • HTTP: When there are redirects, k6 will now correctly set the cookie for the current URL, instead of for the one the current response is redirecting to. Thanks @dimatock! (#1201)
  • Cloud: Add token to make calls to the cloud API idempotent. (#1208)
  • Cloud: Improve aggregation of HTTP metrics for requests to different URLs, but with the same explicitly set name tag. (#1220)
  • Cloud: Fix a bug where you weren't able to run a script, outputting to cloud, if it was using the shortcut URLs for github/cdnjs. (#1237)
  • Config: The previous default value for batchPerHost of 20 wasn't propagated properly and was instead 0. (#1264)

Internals

  • CI: Stop using external service for testing WebSockets (#1138) and remove the last use of the external httpbin.org. (#1213)
  • Switched to Go 1.13.5 for building and testing k6, removed official support for 1.11.
  • CI: Fix a test on MacOS. (#1142)
  • CI: Fixing flaky tests. (#1149, #1223)
  • Drop an external dependency for getting user's configdir. (#1162)
  • Use bitmask for checking whether system tags are enabled, adding some small speedup where this is required. (#1148)
  • Update envconfig as it was very old and the newer versions had fixes and features we want. (#1214)
  • Metrics: Emit iterations as part of netext.NetTrail, instead of as a standalone one. Also cutting down on amount of bytes we sent to the cloud output. (#1203)
  • JS: goja has been updated to the latest master version (commit 007eef3) (#1259)
  • All official binary packages now are built with -trimpath and CGO_ENABLED=0. Previously the GitHub release assets were built with CGO_ENABLED=0, making them unsuitable for non-glibc systems (like Alpine Linux). (#1244, #1245)

Breaking changes

  • The output of k6 version is different. It now contains not only the k6 version number, but also information about the git commit, build date, Go version and system architecture. For example, if previously the output of k6 version looked like k6 v0.25.1, now it is like this: k6 v0.26.0 (2019-12-16T10:58:59+0000/v0.26.0-0-gaeec9a7f, go1.13.5, linux/amd64). (#1235)

  • We had to make a few minor breaking changes in the course of improving http.batch() (#1259):

    • The default value for batchPerHost has been reduced from 0 (unlimited) to 6, to more closely match browser behavior. The default value for the batch option remains unchanged at 20.
    • Calling http.batch(arg), where arg is an array, would now return an array. Previously, this would have returned an object with integer keys, as explained in #767... Now http.batch() will return an array when you pass it an array, and return an object when you pass an object.
Assets 8
Sep 25, 2019
removed core-js and some cloud metrics
Sep 25, 2019
just some breakage to test things

@na-- na-- released this Aug 13, 2019 · 808 commits to master since this release

A minor release that fixes some of the issues in the v0.25.0 release.

Bugs fixed!

  • Config: Properly handle the systemTags JS/JSON option and the K6_SYSTEM_TAGS environment variable. Thanks, @cuonglm! (#1092)
  • HTTP: Fix how request bodies are internally specified so we can properly handle redirects and can retry some HTTP/2 requests. (#1093)
  • HTTP: Fix the handling of response decoding errors and slightly improve the digest auth and --http-debug code. (#1102)
  • HTTP: Always set the correct Content-Length header for all requests. (#1106)
  • JS: Fix a panic when executing archive bundles for scripts with unsuccessfull import / require() calls. (#1097)
  • JS: Fix some issues related to the handling of exports corner cases. (#1099)
Assets 8

@na-- na-- released this Jul 31, 2019 · 819 commits to master since this release

k6 v0.25.0 is here! 🎉

This release contains mostly bug fixes, though it also has a few new features, enhancements, and performance improvements. These include HTTP request compression, brotli and zstd support, massive VU RAM usage and initialization time decreases, support for importing files via https and file URLs, and opt-in TLS 1.3 support.

Thanks to @THoelzel, @matlockx, @bookmoons, @cuonglm, and @imiric for contributing to this release!

New features and enhancements!

HTTP: request body compression + brotli and zstd decompression (#989, #1082)

Now k6 can compress the body of any HTTP request before sending it (#989). That can be enabled by setting the new compression option in the http.Params object. Doing so will cause k6 to transparently compress the supplied request body and correctly set both Content-Encoding and Content-Length, unless they were manually set in the request headers by the user. The currently supported algorithms are deflate, gzip, brotli and zstd, as well as any combination of them separated by commas (,).

k6 now also transparently decompresses brotli and zstd HTTP responses - previously only deflate and gzip were supported. Thanks, @imiric! (#1082)

import http from 'k6/http';
import { check } from "k6";

export default function () {
    // Test gzip compression
    let gzippedReqResp = http.post("https://httpbin.org/post", "foobar".repeat(1000), { compression: "gzip" });
    check(gzippedReqResp, {
        "request gzip content-encoding": (r) => r.json().headers["Content-Encoding"] === "gzip",
        "actually compressed body": (r) => r.json().data.length < 200,
    });

    // Test br decompression
    let brotliResp = http.get("https://httpbin.org/brotli", {
        headers: {
            "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, br"
        },
    });
    check(brotliResp, {
        "br content-encoding header": (r) => r.headers["Content-Encoding"] === "br",
        "br confirmed in body": (r) => r.json().brotli === true,
    });

    // Test zstd decompression
    let zstdResp = http.get("https://facebook.com/", {
        headers: {
            "Accept-Encoding": "zstd"
        },
    });
    check(zstdResp, {
        "zstd content-encoding header": (r) => r.headers["Content-Encoding"] === "zstd",
        "readable HTML in body": (r) => r.body.includes("html"),
    });
};

Performance improvement: reuse the parsed core-js library across VUs (#1038)

k6 uses the awesome core-js library to support new JavaScript features. It is included as a polyfill in each VU (i.e. JS runtime) and previously, it was parsed anew for every VU initialization. Now, the parsing result is cached after the first time and shared between VUs, leading to over 2x reduction of VU memory usage and initialization times for simple scripts!

Thanks, @matlockx, for noticing this opportunity for massive optimization!

JS files can now be imported via https and file URLs (#1059)

Previously, k6 had a mechanism for importing files via HTTPS URLs, but required that the used URLs not contain the https scheme. As a move to align k6 more closely with the rest of the JS ecosystem, we now allow and encourage users to use full URLs with a scheme (e.g. import fromurlencoded from "https://jslib.k6.io/form-urlencoded/3.0.0/index.js") when they want to load remote files. file URLs are also supported as another way to load local modules (normal absolute and relative file paths still work) from the local system, which may be especially useful for Windows scripts.

The old way of importing remote scripts from scheme-less URLs is still supported, though except for the GitHub and cdnjs shortcut loaders, it is in the process of deprecation and will result in a warning.

Opt-in support for TLS 1.3 and more TLS ciphers (#1084)

Following its opt-in support in Go 1.12, you can now choose to enable support for TLS 1.3 in your k6 scripts. It won't be used by default, but you can enable it by setting the tlsVersion (or it's max sub-option) to tls1.3:

import http from 'k6/http';
import { check } from "k6";

export let options = {
    tlsVersion: {
        min: "tls1.2",
        max: "tls1.3",
    }
};

export default function () {
    let resp = http.get("https://www.howsmyssl.com/a/check");
    check(resp, {
        "status is 200": (resp) => resp.status === 200,
        "tls 1.3": (resp) => resp.json().tls_version === "TLS 1.3",
    });
};

Also, all cipher suites supported by Go 1.12 are now supported by k6 as well. Thanks, @cuonglm!

Bugs fixed!

  • JS: Many fixes for open(): (#965)

    • don't panic with an empty filename ("")
    • don't make HTTP requests (#963)
    • correctly open simple filenames like "file.json" and paths such as "relative/path/to.txt" as relative (to the current working directory) paths; previously they had to start with a dot (i.e. "./relative/path/to.txt") for that to happen
    • windows: work with paths starting with / or \ as absolute from the current drive
  • HTTP: Correctly always set response.url to be the URL that was ultimately fetched (i.e. after any potential redirects), even if there were non http errors. (#990)

  • HTTP: Correctly detect connection refused errors on dial. (#998)

  • JS: Run imports once per VU. (#975, #1040)

  • Config: Fix blacklistIPs JS configuration. Thanks, @THoelzel! (#1004)

  • HTTP: Fix a bunch of HTTP measurement and handling issues (#1047)

    • the http_req_receiving metric was measured incorrectly (#1041)
    • binary response bodies could get mangled in an http.batch() call (#1044)
    • timed out requests could produce wrong metrics (#925)
  • JS: Many fixes for importing files and for URL imports in archives. (#1059)

  • Config: Stop saving and ignore the derived execution values, which were wrongly saved in archive bundles' metadata.json by k6 v0.24.0. (#1057, #1076)

  • Config: Fix handling of commas in environment variable values specified as CLI flags. (#1077)

Internals

  • CI: removed the gometalinter check in CircleCI, since that project was deprecated and now exclusively rely on golangci-lint. (#1039)
  • Archive bundles: The support for URL imports included a lot of refactoring and internal k6 changes. This included significant changes in the structure of .tar archive bundles. k6 v0.25.0 is backwards compatible and can execute bundles generated by older k6 versions, but the reverse is not true. (#1059)
  • Archive bundles: The k6 version and the operating system are now saved in the archive bundles' metadata.json file. (#1057, #1059)

Breaking changes

  • Previously, the Content-Length header value was always automatically set by k6 - if the header value was manually specified by the user, it would have been ignored and silently overwritten. Now, k6 would set the Content-Length value only if it wasn't already set by the user. (#989, #1094)
Assets 8
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