StructuredText

garyo edited this page Dec 13, 2014 · 1 revision

Structured text is text that uses indentation and simple symbology to indicate the structure of a document. For the next generation of structured text, see [!MoinMoin ReStructuredText desc="ReStructuredText] and here.

A structured string consists of a sequence of paragraphs separated by one or more blank lines. Each paragraph has a level which is defined as the minimum indentation of the paragraph. A paragraph is a sub-paragraph of another paragraph if the other paragraph is the last preceding paragraph that has a lower level.

Special symbology is used to indicate special constructs:

  • A single-line paragraph whose immediately succeeding paragraphs are lower level is treated as a header.
  • A paragraph that begins with a '-', '*', or 'o' is treated as an unordered list (bullet) element.
  • A paragraph that begins with a sequence of digits followed by a white-space character is treated as an ordered list element.
  • A paragraph that begins with a sequence of sequences, where each sequence is a sequence of digits or a sequence of letters followed by a period, is treated as an ordered list element.
  • A paragraph with a first line that contains some text, followed by some white-space and '--' is treated as a descriptive list element. The leading text is treated as the element title.
  • Sub-paragraphs of a paragraph that ends in the word 'example' or the word 'examples', or '::' is treated as example code and is output as is.
  • Text enclosed single quotes (with white-space to the left of the first quote and whitespace or puctuation to the right of the second quote) is treated as example code.
  • Text surrounded by '' characters (with white-space to the left of the first '' and whitespace or puctuation to the right of the second '*') is emphasized.
  • Text surrounded by '' characters (with white-space to the left of the first '' and whitespace or puctuation to the right of the second '**') is made strong.
  • Text surrounded by '_' underscore characters (with whitespace to the left and whitespace or punctuation to the right) is made underlined.
  • Text encloded by double quotes followed by a colon, a URL, and concluded by punctuation plus white space, or just white space, is treated as a hyper link. For example: * "Zope":http://www.zope.org/ is ... Is interpreted as '<a href="http://www.zope.org/">Zope</a> is ....'

Note: This works for relative as well as absolute URLs.

  • Text enclosed by double quotes followed by a comma, one or more spaces, an absolute URL and concluded by punctuation plus white space, or just white space, is treated as a hyper link. For example: * "mail me", mailto:amos@digicool.com. Is interpreted as '<a href="mailto:amos@digicool.com">mail me</a>.'

  • Text enclosed in brackets which consists only of letters, digits, underscores and dashes is treated as hyper links within the document. For example: * As demonstrated by Smith [12] this technique is quite effective. Is interpreted as '... by Smith <a href="#12">[12]</a> this ...'. Together with the next rule this allows easy coding of references or end notes.

  • Text enclosed in brackets which is preceded by the start of a line, two periods and a space is treated as a named link. For example: * . [12] "Effective Techniques" Smith, Joe ... Is interpreted as '<a name="12">[12]</a> "Effective Techniques" ...'. Together with the previous rule this allows easy coding of references or end notes.

  • A paragraph that has blocks of text enclosed in '||' is treated as a table. The text blocks correspond to table cells and table rows are denoted by newlines. By default the cells are center aligned. A cell can span more than one column by preceding a block of text with an equivalent number of cell separators '||'. Newlines and '|' cannot be a part of the cell text. For example:

|||| Ingredients || || Name || Amount || ||Spam||10|| ||Eggs||3||

   * [[!table header="no" class="mointable" data="""
 **Ingredients** ||
 *Name*  |  *Amount* 
Spam | 10
Eggs | 3
"""]]
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