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This release brings several new features to torchvision, including models for semantic segmentation, object detection, instance segmentation and person keypoint detection, and custom C++ / CUDA ops specific to computer vision.

Note: torchvision 0.3 requires PyTorch 1.1 or newer

Highlights

Reference training / evaluation scripts

We now provide under the references/ folder scripts for training and evaluation of the following tasks: classification, semantic segmentation, object detection, instance segmentation and person keypoint detection.
Their purpose is twofold:

  • serve as a log of how to train a specific model.
  • provide baseline training and evaluation scripts to bootstrap research

They all have an entry-point train.py which performs both training and evaluation for a particular task. Other helper files, specific to each training script, are also present in the folder, and they might get integrated into the torchvision library in the future.

We expect users should copy-paste and modify those reference scripts and use them for their own needs.

TorchVision Ops

TorchVision now contains custom C++ / CUDA operators in torchvision.ops. Those operators are specific to computer vision, and make it easier to build object detection models.
Those operators currently do not support PyTorch script mode, but support for it is planned for future releases.

List of supported ops

  • roi_pool (and the module version RoIPool)
  • roi_align (and the module version RoIAlign)
  • nms, for non-maximum suppression of bounding boxes
  • box_iou, for computing the intersection over union metric between two sets of bounding boxes

All the other ops present in torchvision.ops and its subfolders are experimental, in particular:

  • FeaturePyramidNetwork is a module that adds a FPN on top of a module that returns a set of feature maps.
  • MultiScaleRoIAlign is a wrapper around roi_align that works with multiple feature map scales

Here are a few examples on using torchvision ops:

import torch
import torchvision

# create 10 random boxes
boxes = torch.rand(10, 4) * 100
# they need to be in [x0, y0, x1, y1] format
boxes[:, 2:] += boxes[:, :2]
# create a random image
image = torch.rand(1, 3, 200, 200)
# extract regions in `image` defined in `boxes`, rescaling
# them to have a size of 3x3
pooled_regions = torchvision.ops.roi_align(image, [boxes], output_size=(3, 3))
# check the size
print(pooled_regions.shape)
# torch.Size([10, 3, 3, 3])

# or compute the intersection over union between
# all pairs of boxes
print(torchvision.ops.box_iou(boxes, boxes).shape)
# torch.Size([10, 10])

Models for more tasks

The 0.3 release of torchvision includes pre-trained models for other tasks than image classification on ImageNet.
We include two new categories of models: region-based models, like Faster R-CNN, and dense pixelwise prediction models, like DeepLabV3.

Object Detection, Instance Segmentation and Person Keypoint Detection models

Warning: The API is currently experimental and might change in future versions of torchvision

The 0.3 release contains pre-trained models for Faster R-CNN, Mask R-CNN and Keypoint R-CNN, all of them using ResNet-50 backbone with FPN.
They have been trained on COCO train2017 following the reference scripts in references/, and give the following results on COCO val2017

Network box AP mask AP keypoint AP
Faster R-CNN ResNet-50 FPN 37.0    
Mask R-CNN ResNet-50 FPN 37.9 34.6  
Keypoint R-CNN ResNet-50 FPN 54.6   65.0

The implementations of the models for object detection, instance segmentation and keypoint detection are fast, specially during training.

In the following table, we use 8 V100 GPUs, with CUDA 10.0 and CUDNN 7.4 to report the results. During training, we use a batch size of 2 per GPU, and during testing a batch size of 1 is used.

For test time, we report the time for the model evaluation and post-processing (including mask pasting in image), but not the time for computing the precision-recall.

Network train time (s / it) test time (s / it) memory (GB)
Faster R-CNN ResNet-50 FPN 0.2288 0.0590 5.2
Mask R-CNN ResNet-50 FPN 0.2728 0.0903 5.4
Keypoint R-CNN ResNet-50 FPN 0.3789 0.1242 6.8

You can load and use pre-trained detection and segmentation models with a few lines of code

import torchvision

model = torchvision.models.detection.maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn(pretrained=True)
# set it to evaluation mode, as the model behaves differently
# during training and during evaluation
model.eval()

image = PIL.Image.open('/path/to/an/image.jpg')
image_tensor = torchvision.transforms.functional.to_tensor(image)

# pass a list of (potentially different sized) tensors
# to the model, in 0-1 range. The model will take care of
# batching them together and normalizing
output = model([image_tensor])
# output is a list of dict, containing the postprocessed predictions

Pixelwise Semantic Segmentation models

Warning: The API is currently experimental and might change in future versions of torchvision

The 0.3 release also contains models for dense pixelwise prediction on images.
It adds FCN and DeepLabV3 segmentation models, using a ResNet50 and ResNet101 backbones.
Pre-trained weights for ResNet101 backbone are available, and have been trained on a subset of COCO train2017, which contains the same 20 categories as those from Pascal VOC.

The pre-trained models give the following results on the subset of COCO val2017 which contain the same 20 categories as those present in Pascal VOC:

Network mean IoU global pixelwise acc
FCN ResNet101 63.7 91.9
DeepLabV3 ResNet101 67.4 92.4

New Datasets

New Models

Classification

Segmentation

  • Fully-Convolutional Network (FCN) with ResNet 101 backbone
  • DeepLabV3 with ResNet 101 backbone

Detection

  • Faster R-CNN R-50 FPN trained on COCO train2017 (#898) (#921)
  • Mask R-CNN R-50 FPN trained on COCO train2017 (#898) (#921)
  • Keypoint R-CNN R-50 FPN trained on COCO train2017 (#898) (#921) (#922)

Breaking changes

  • Make CocoDataset ids deterministically ordered (#868)

New Transforms

  • Add bias vector to LinearTransformation (#793) (#843) (#881)
  • Add Random Perspective transform (#781) (#879)

Bugfixes

  • Fix user warning when applying normalize (#810)
  • Fix logic error in check_integrity (#871)

Improvements

  • Fixing mutation of 2d tensors in to_pil_image (#762)
  • Replace tensor.view with tensor.unsqueeze(0) in make_grid (#765)
  • Change usage of view to reshape in resnet to enable running with mkldnn (#890)
  • Improve normalize to work with tensors located on any device (#787)
  • Raise an IndexError for FakeData.__getitem__() if the index would be out of range (#780)
  • Aspect ratio is now sampled from a logarithmic distribution in RandomResizedCrop. (#799)
  • Modernize inception v3 weight initialization code (#824)
  • Remove duplicate code from densenet load_state_dict (#827)
  • Replace endswith calls in a loop with a single endswith call in DatasetFolder (#832)
  • Added missing dot in webp image extensions (#836)
  • fix inconsistent behavior for ~ expression (#850)
  • Minor Compressions in statements in folder.py (#874)
  • Minor fix to evaluation formula of PILLOW_VERSION in transforms.functional.affine (#895)
  • added is_valid_file parameter to DatasetFolder (#867)
  • Add support for joint transformations in VisionDataset (#872)
  • Auto calculating return dimension of squeezenet forward method (#884)
  • Added progress flag to model getters (#875) (#910)
  • Add support for other normalizations (i.e., GroupNorm) in ResNet (#813)
  • Add dilation option to ResNet (#866)

Testing

  • Add basic model testing. (#811)
  • Add test for num_class in test_model.py (#815)
  • Added test for normalize functionality in make_grid function. (#840)
  • Added downloaded directory not empty check in test_datasets_utils (#844)
  • Added test for save_image in utils (#847)
  • Added tests for check_md5 and check_integrity (#873)

Misc

  • Remove shebang in setup.py (#773)
  • configurable version and package names (#842)
  • More hub models (#851)
  • Update travis to use more recent GCC (#891)

Documentation

  • Add comments regarding downsampling layers of resnet (#794)
  • Remove unnecessary bullet point in InceptionV3 doc (#814)
  • Fix crop and resized_crop docs in functional.py (#817)
  • Added dimensions in the comments of googlenet (#788)
  • Update transform doc with random offset of padding due to pad_if_needed (#791)
  • Added the argument transform_input in docs of InceptionV3 (#789)
  • Update documentation for MNIST datasets (#778)
  • Fixed typo in normalize() function. (#823)
  • Fix typo in squeezenet (#841)
  • Fix typo in DenseNet comment (#857)
  • Typo and syntax fixes to transform docstrings (#887)
Assets 2

This version introduces several improvements and fixes.

Support for arbitrary input sizes for models

It is now possible to feed larger images than 224x224 into the models in torchvision.
We added an adaptive pooling just before the classifier, which adapts the size of the feature maps before the last layer, allowing for larger input images.
Relevant PRs: #744 #747 #746 #672 #643

Bugfixes

  • Fix invalid argument error when using lsun method in windows (#508)
  • Fix FashionMNIST loading MNIST (#640)
  • Fix inception v3 input transform for trace & onnx (#621)

Datasets

  • Add support for webp and tiff images in ImageFolder #736 #724
  • Add K-MNIST dataset #687
  • Add Cityscapes dataset #695 #725 #739 #700
  • Add Flicker 8k and 30k datasets #674
  • Add VOCDetection and VOCSegmentation datasets #663
  • Add SBU Captioned Photo Dataset (#665)
  • Updated URLs for EMNIST #726
  • MNIST and FashionMNIST now have their own 'raw' and 'processed' folder #601
  • Add metadata to some datasets (#501)

Improvements

  • Allow RandomCrop to crop in the padded region #564
  • ColorJitter now supports min/max values #548
  • Generalize resnet to use block.extension #487
  • Move area calculation out of for loop in RandomResizedCrop #641
  • Add option to zero-init the residual branch in resnet (#498)
  • Improve error messages in to_pil_image #673
  • Added the option of converting to tensor for numpy arrays having only two dimensions in to_tensor (#686)
  • Optimize _find_classes in DatasetFolder via scandir in Python3 (#559)
  • Add padding_mode to RandomCrop (#489 #512)
  • Make DatasetFolder more generic (#527)
  • Add in-place option to normalize (#699)
  • Add Hamming and Box interpolations to transforms.py (#693)
  • Added the support of 2-channel Image modes such as 'LA' and adding a mode in 4 channel modes (#688)
  • Improve support for 'P' image mode in pad (#683)
  • Make torchvision depend on pillow-simd if already installed (#522)
  • Make tests run faster (#745)
  • Add support for non-square crops in RandomResizedCrop (#715)

Breaking changes

  • save_images now round to nearest integer #754

Misc

  • Added code coverage to travis #703
  • Add downloads and docs badge to README (#702)
  • Add progress to download_url #497 #524 #535
  • Replace 'residual' with 'identity' in resnet.py (#679)
  • Consistency changes in the models
  • Refactored MNIST and CIFAR to have data and target fields #578 #594
  • Update torchvision to newer versions of PyTorch
  • Relax assertion in transforms.Lambda.__init__ (#637)
  • Cast MNIST target to int (#605)
  • Change default target type of FakedDataset to long (#581)
  • Improve docs of functional transforms (#602)
  • Docstring improvements
  • Add is_image_file to folder_dataset (#507)
  • Add deprecation warning in MNIST train[test]_labels[data] (#742)
  • Mention TORCH_MODEL_ZOO in models documentation. (#624)
  • Add scipy as a dependency to setup.py (#675)
  • Added size information for inception v3 (#719)
Assets 2

@soumith soumith released this Apr 24, 2018 · 258 commits to master since this release

This version introduces several fixes and improvements to the previous version.

Better printing of Datasets and Transforms

  • Add descriptions to Transform objects.
# Now T.Compose([T.RandomHorizontalFlip(), T.RandomCrop(224), T.ToTensor()]) prints
Compose(
    RandomHorizontalFlip(p=0.5)
    RandomCrop(size=(224, 224), padding=0)
    ToTensor()
)
  • Add descriptions to Datasets
# now torchvision.datasets.MNIST('~') prints
Dataset MNIST
    Number of datapoints: 60000
    Split: train
    Root Location: /private/home/fmassa
    Transforms (if any): None
    Target Transforms (if any): None

New transforms

  • Add RandomApply, RandomChoice, RandomOrder transformations #402

    • RandomApply: applies a list of transformation with a probability
    • RandomChoice: choose randomly a single transformation from a list
    • RandomOrder: apply transformations in a random order
  • Add random affine transformation #411

  • Add reflect, symmetric and edge padding to transforms.pad #460

Performance improvements

  • Speedup MNIST preprocessing by a factor of 1000x
  • make weight initialization optional to speed VGG construction. This makes loading pre-trained VGG models much faster
  • Accelerate transforms.adjust_gamma by using PIL's point function instead of custom numpy-based implementation

New Datasets

  • EMNIST - an extension of MNIST for hand-written letters
  • OMNIGLOT - a dataset for one-shot learning, with 1623 different handwritten characters from 50 different alphabets
  • Add a DatasetFolder class - generalization of ImageFolder

Miscellaneous improvements

  • FakeData accepts a seed argument, so having multiple different FakeData instances is now possible
  • Use consistent datatypes in Dataset targets. Now all datasets that returns labels will have them as int
  • Add probability parameter in RandomHorizontalFlip and RandomHorizontalFlip
  • Replace np.random by random in transforms - improves reproducibility in multi-threaded environments with default arguments
  • Detect tif images in ImageFolder
  • Add pad_if_needed to RandomCrop, so that if the crop size is larger than the image, the image is automatically padded
  • Add support in transforms.ToTensor for PIL Images with mode '1'

Bugfixes

  • Fix passing list of tensors to utils.save_image
  • single images passed to make_grid now are now also normalized
  • Fix PIL img close warnings
  • Added missing weight initializations to densenet
  • Avoid division by zero in make_grid when the image is constant
  • Fix ToTensor when PIL Image has mode F
  • Fix bug with to_tensor when the input is numpy array of type np.float32.
Assets 2

This version introduced a functional interface to the transforms, allowing for joint random transformation of inputs and targets. We also introduced a few breaking changes to some datasets and transforms (see below for more details).

Transforms

We have introduced a functional interface for the torchvision transforms, available under torchvision.transforms.functional. This now makes it possible to do joint random transformations on inputs and targets, which is especially useful in tasks like object detection, segmentation and super resolution. For example, you can now do the following:

from torchvision import transforms
import torchvision.transforms.functional as F
import random

def my_segmentation_transform(input, target):
	i, j, h, w = transforms.RandomCrop.get_params(input, (100, 100))
	input = F.crop(input, i, j, h, w)
	target = F.crop(target, i, j, h, w)
	if random.random() > 0.5:
		input = F.hflip(input)
		target = F.hflip(target)
	F.to_tensor(input), F.to_tensor(target)
	return input, target

The following transforms have also been added:

  • F.vflip and RandomVerticalFlip
  • FiveCrop and TenCrop
  • Various color transformations:
    • ColorJitter
    • F.adjust_brightness
    • F.adjust_contrast
    • F.adjust_saturation
    • F.adjust_hue
  • LinearTransformation for applications such as whitening
  • Grayscale and RandomGrayscale
  • Rotate and RandomRotation
  • ToPILImage now supports RGBA images
  • ToPILImage now accepts a mode argument so you can specify which colorspace the image should be
  • RandomResizedCrop now accepts scale and ratio ranges as input parameters

Documentation

Documentation is now auto generated and publishing to pytorch.org

Datasets:

SEMEION Dataset of handwritten digits added
Phototour dataset patches computed via multi-scale Harris corners now available by setting name equal to notredame_harris, yosemite_harris or liberty_harris in the Phototour dataset

Bug fixes:

  • Pre-trained densenet models is now CPU compatible #251

Breaking changes:

This version also introduced some breaking changes:

  • The SVHN dataset has now been made consistent with other datasets by making the label for the digit 0 be 0, instead of 10 (as it was previously) (see #194 for more details)
  • the labels for the unlabelled STL10 dataset is now an array filled with -1
  • the order of the input args to the deprecated Scale transform has changed from (width, height) to (height, width) to be consistent with other transforms
Assets 2
  • Ability to switch image backends between PIL and accimage
  • Added more tests
  • Various bug fixes and doc improvements

Models

  • Fix for inception v3 input transform bug #144
  • Added pretrained VGG models with batch norm

Datasets

  • Fix indexing bug in LSUN dataset (#177)
  • enable ~ to be used in dataset paths
  • ImageFolder now returns the same (sorted) file order on different machines (#193)

Transforms

  • transforms.Scale now accepts a tuple as new size or single integer

Utils

  • can now pass a pad value to make_grid and save_image
Assets 2

New Features

Models

  • SqueezeNet 1.0 and 1.1 models added, along with pre-trained weights
  • Add pre-trained weights for VGG models
    • Fix location of dropout in VGG
  • torchvision.models now expose num_classes as a constructor argument
  • Add InceptionV3 model and pre-trained weights
  • Add DenseNet models and pre-trained weights

Datasets

  • Add STL10 dataset
  • Add SVHN dataset
  • Add PhotoTour dataset

Transforms and Utilities

  • transforms.Pad now allows fill colors of either number tuples, or named colors like "white"
  • add normalization options to make_grid and save_image
  • ToTensor now supports more input types

Performance Improvements

Bug Fixes

  • ToPILImage now supports a single image
  • Python3 compatibility bug fixes
  • ToTensor now copes with all PIL Image types, not just RGB images
  • ImageFolder now only scans subdirectories.
    • Having files like .DS_Store is now no longer a blocking hindrance
    • Check for non-zero number of images in ImageFolder
    • Subdirectories of classes have recursive scans for images
  • LSUN test set loads now
Assets 2

A small release, just needed a version bump because of PyPI.

Assets 2

New Features

  • Add torchvision.models: Definitions and pre-trained models for common vision models
    • ResNet, AlexNet, VGG models added with downloadable pre-trained weights
  • adding padding to RandomCrop. Also add transforms.Pad
  • Add MNIST dataset

Performance Fixes

  • Fixing performance of LSUN Dataset

Bug Fixes

  • Some Python3 fixes
  • Bug fixes in save_image, add single channel support
Assets 2
Pre-release

@soumith soumith released this Apr 3, 2017

Introduced Datasets and Transforms.

Added common datasets

  • COCO (Captioning and Detection)

  • LSUN Classification

  • ImageFolder

  • Imagenet-12

  • CIFAR10 and CIFAR100

  • Added utilities for saving images from Tensors.

Assets 2
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