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Change EDK II to BSD Patent License

Michael Kinney edited this page Apr 8, 2019 · 6 revisions

Change EDK II to BSD+Patent License

This change is based on the following emails:

RFCs with detailed process for the license change:

Bugzilla

https://bugzilla.tianocore.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1373

Patch Reviews

The patch series for review has been posted on the following branch using 7ed72121b7 as the base for the patch series.

https://github.com/mdkinney/edk2/tree/Bug_1373_BsdPatentLicense_V3

The commits in patch series can be viewed here:

https://github.com/mdkinney/edk2/commits/Bug_1373_BsdPatentLicense_V3

The patch series has one patch per package along with a few patches to update the license information in the root of the edk2 repository as described in the RFC V3.

Due to the size of the patch series, the preference is to not send the patch emails. Instead, please perform code reviews using content from the branch.

All EDK II package maintainers and package reviewers should provide review feedback for their packages. The critical part of the review is:

  1. Any changes that cause build breaks or logic changes. These code changes are intended to only modify license contents in comment blocks.
  2. Any file that has been changed to BSD+Patent, but should remain with the current license.
  3. Any file that that has not changed to BSD+Patent, but should be changed to BSD+Patent.

Feedback and Reviewed-by emails should identify the patch the feedback applies using the patch summary listed below. The goal is to complete all reviews to support the commit of these patches on April 9, 2019.

The following table provide a summary of the patches, the list of reviewers, and the Reviewed-by status.

Patch Reviewers Reviewed-by
edk2: Remove Contributions.txt and update Readme.md Andrew Fish afish@apple.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
DONE
OvmfPkg: Change License.txt from 2-Clause BSD to BSD+Patent Jordan Justen jordan.l.justen@intel.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
StdLibPrivateInternalFiles: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Daryl McDaniel edk2-lists@mc2research.org
Jaben Carsey jaben.carsey@intel.com
DONE
StdLib: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Daryl McDaniel edk2-lists@mc2research.org
Jaben Carsey jaben.carsey@intel.com
DONE
AppPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Daryl McDaniel edk2-lists@mc2research.org
Jaben Carsey jaben.carsey@intel.com
DONE
Vlv2TbltDevicePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Zailiang Sun zailiang.sun@intel.com
Yi Qian yi.qian@intel.com
DONE
Vlv2DeviceRefCodePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Zailiang Sun zailiang.sun@intel.com
Yi Qian yi.qian@intel.com
DONE
UefiCpuPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Eric Dong eric.dong@intel.com
Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
DONE
StandaloneMmPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Achin Gupta achin.gupta@arm.com
Jiewen Yao jiewen.yao@intel.com
Supreeth Venkatesh supreeth.venkatesh@arm.com
DONE
SourceLevelDebugPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Hao Wu hao.a.wu@intel.com DONE
SignedCapsulePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Jiewen Yao jiewen.yao@intel.com
Chao Zhang chao.b.zhang@intel.com
DONE
ShellPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Jaben Carsey jaben.carsey@intel.com
Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
DONE
ShellBinPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Jaben Carsey jaben.carsey@intel.com
M: Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
SecurityPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Chao Zhang chao.b.zhang@intel.com
Jiewen Yao jiewen.yao@intel.com
Jian Wang jian.j.wang@intel.com
DONE
QuarkSocPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Kelly Steele kelly.steele@intel.com DONE
QuarkPlatformPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Kelly Steele kelly.steele@intel.com DONE
PcAtChipsetPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com DONE
OvmfPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Jordan Justen jordan.l.justen@intel.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
OptionRomPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com DONE
Omap35xxPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
Nt32Pkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
Hao Wu hao.a.wu@intel.com
DONE
NetworkPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Siyuan Fu siyuan.fu@intel.com
Jiaxin Wu jiaxin.wu@intel.com
DONE
MdePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Liming Gao liming.gao@intel.com DONE
MdeModulePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Jian J Wang jian.j.wang@intel.com
Hao Wu hao.a.wu@intel.com
Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
Star Zeng star.zeng@intel.com
DONE
IntelSiliconPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
Rangasai V Chaganty rangasai.v.chaganty@intel.com
DONE
IntelFspWrapperPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Chasel Chiu chasel.chiu@intel.com
Nate DeSimone nathaniel.l.desimone@intel.com
Star Zeng star.zeng@intel.com
DONE
IntelFspPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Chasel Chiu chasel.chiu@intel.com
Nate DeSimone nathaniel.l.desimone@intel.com
Star Zeng star.zeng@intel.com
DONE
IntelFsp2WrapperPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Chasel Chiu chasel.chiu@intel.com
Nate DeSimone nathaniel.l.desimone@intel.com
Star Zeng star.zeng@intel.com
DONE
IntelFsp2Pkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Chasel Chiu chasel.chiu@intel.com
Nate DeSimone nathaniel.l.desimone@intel.com
Star Zeng star.zeng@intel.com
DONE
IntelFrameworkPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Liming Gao liming.gao@intel.com DONE
IntelFrameworkModulePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Liming Gao liming.gao@intel.com DONE
FmpDevicePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Liming Gao liming.gao@intel.com DONE
FatPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com DONE
EmulatorPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Jordan Justen jordan.l.justen@intel.com
Andrew Fish afish@apple.com
Ray Ni ray.ni@intel.com
DONE
EmbeddedPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
DynamicTablesPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Sami Mujawar Sami.Mujawar@arm.com
Alexei Fedorov Alexei.Fedorov@arm.com
CryptoPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Ting Ye ting.ye@intel.com
Gang Wei gang.wei@intel.com
Jian Wang jian.j.wang@intel.com
DONE
CorebootPayloadPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Maurice Ma maurice.ma@intel.com
Prince Agyeman prince.agyeman@intel.com
Benjamin You benjamin.you@intel.com
DONE
CorebootModulePkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Maurice Ma maurice.ma@intel.com
Prince Agyeman prince.agyeman@intel.com
Benjamin You benjamin.you@intel.com
DONE
BeagleBoardPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
ArmVirtPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
ArmPlatformPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
ArmPkg: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
DONE
BaseTools: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Bob Feng bob.c.feng@intel.com
Liming Gao liming.gao@intel.com
Yonghong Zhu yonghong.zhu@intel.com
DONE
edk2: Replace BSD License with BSD+Patent License Andrew Fish afish@apple.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
DONE
edk2: Change License.txt from 2-Clause BSD to BSD+Patent Andrew Fish afish@apple.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
DONE
edk2: Add License-History.txt Andrew Fish afish@apple.com
Laszlo Ersek lersek@redhat.com
Leif Lindholm leif.lindholm@linaro.org
DONE

RFC V3

This RFC follows up on the proposal from Mark Doran to change the EDK II Project to a BSD+Patent License.

https://lists.01.org/pipermail/edk2-devel/2019-February/036260.html

The review period for this license change is 30 days. If there is no unresolved feedback on April 9, 2019, then commits of the license change patches will begin on April 9, 2019.

** Please provide feedback on the proposal by Monday April 8, 2019. **

Feedback can be sent to edk2-devel at lists.01.org, the EDK II community manager or any of the EDK II stewards.

  • Stephano Cetola <stephano.cetola at intel.com> Community Manager
  • Leif Lindholm <leif.lindholm at linaro.org> Steward
  • Andrew Fish Steward
  • Laszlo Ersek Steward
  • Michael Kinney <michael.d.kinney at intel.com> Steward

The goal is to convert all of the files in the edk2 repository that are currently covered by the 2-Clause BSD License and the TianoCore Contribution Agreement to a BSD+Patent License.

I will be following up with pointers to public GitHub branches that contain the set of changes to the edk2 repository for review.

The proposal is to perform this change to edk2/master in the steps listed below. The license change will not be applied to any of the other existing branches in the edk2 repository.

  1. Add a License-History.txt file to the root of the edk2 repository that contains the 2-Clause BSD License and the TianoCore Contribution Agreement along with the details on the change to the BSD+Patent License.

  2. Change License.txt in the root of the edk2 repository from a 2-Clause BSD License to the BSD+Patent License. The following is the link to the BSD+Patent License and the new License.txt file contents.

    https://opensource.org/licenses/BSDplusPatent

    Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
    
    1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
       this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
    
    2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
       this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
       and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
    
    Subject to the terms and conditions of this license, each copyright holder
    and contributor hereby grants to those receiving rights under this license
    a perpetual, worldwide, non-exclusive, no-charge, royalty-free, irrevocable
    (except for failure to satisfy the conditions of this license) patent
    license to make, have made, use, offer to sell, sell, import, and otherwise
    transfer this software, where such license applies only to those patent
    claims, already acquired or hereafter acquired, licensable by such copyright
    holder or contributor that are necessarily infringed by:
    
    (a) their Contribution(s) (the licensed copyrights of copyright holders and
        non-copyrightable additions of contributors, in source or binary form)
        alone; or
    
    (b) combination of their Contribution(s) with the work of authorship to
        which such Contribution(s) was added by such copyright holder or
        contributor, if, at the time the Contribution is added, such addition
        causes such combination to be necessarily infringed. The patent license
        shall not apply to any other combinations which include the
        Contribution.
    
    Except as expressly stated above, no rights or licenses from any copyright
    holder or contributor is granted under this license, whether expressly, by
    implication, estoppel or otherwise.
    
    DISCLAIMER
    
    THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
    AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
    IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
    ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
    LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
    CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
    SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
    INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
    CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
    ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
    POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
    
  3. Change all files currently covered by a 2-Clause BSD License and the TianoCore Contribution Agreement to a BSD+Patent License using the following SPDX-License-Identifier statement:

    SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
    

    The use of SPDX-License-Identifier statement is based on the following:

     https://01.org/blogs/jc415/2018/open-source-hacks-one-question-interviews-open-source-experts-how-use-spdx-headers
    
  4. Update Readme.md in the root of the edk2 repository to state that content is covered by a BSD+Patent License. Also state that the BSD+Patent License is the preferred license for the EDK II project.

    a) Move the portions of Contributions.txt in the root of the edk2 repository Readme.md in the root of edk2 repository that describe how to contribute along with the commit message format.

    b) Add the following to Readme.md in the root of edk2 repository:

    # Developer Certificate of Origin
    
    Your change description should use the standard format for a
    commit message, and must include your `Signed-off-by` signature.
    
    In order to keep track of who did what, all patches contributed must
    include a statement that to the best of the contributor's knowledge
    they have the right to contribute it under the specified license.
    
    The test for this is as specified in the [Developer's Certificate of
    Origin (DCO) 1.1](https://developercertificate.org/). The contributor
    certifies compliance by adding a line saying
    
      Signed-off-by: Developer Name <developer@example.org>
    
    where `Developer Name` is the contributor's real name, and the email
    address is one the developer is reachable through at the time of
    contributing.
    
    Developer's Certificate of Origin 1.1
    
    By making a contribution to this project, I certify that:
    
     (a) The contribution was created in whole or in part by me and I
        have the right to submit it under the open source license
        indicated in the file; or
    
     (b) The contribution is based upon previous work that, to the best
        of my knowledge, is covered under an appropriate open source
        license and I have the right under that license to submit that
        work with modifications, whether created in whole or in part
        by me, under the same open source license (unless I am
        permitted to submit under a different license), as indicated
        in the file; or
    
     (c) The contribution was provided directly to me by some other
        person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
        it.
    
     (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
        are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
        personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
        maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
        this project or the open source license(s) involved.
    
  5. Remove the Contributions.txt file from the root of the edk2 repository that contains the TianoCore Contribution Agreement.

  6. Update all documentation to state that content submitted under the BSD+Patent License no longer requires the Tianocore Contribution Agreement which means the following line is not required in commit messages for changes to files that are covered by a BSD+Patent License.

    Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
    
  7. Create Wiki page(s) that provide the details of the BSD+Patent License change and provides the status of the license change for each TianoCore repository and package.

Once the conversion of the edk2 repository is complete, work will begin on the other repositories in the TianoCore project.

License-History.txt

                              License-History.txt
                             ===================

This file contains the history of license change and contributor's agreement
changes.

Unless otherwise noted in a specific file, the EDK2 project is now licensed
under the terms listed in the License.txt file.  Terms under which Contributions
made prior to the move to the License.txt formulation are shown below.  Those
terms require notice of the terms themselves be preserved and presented with the
contributions.  This file serves that preservation purpose as a matter of
documenting the history of the project.

Key Dates
----------
* August 3, 2017

 Update the TianoCore Contribution Agreement from Version 1.0
 to Version 1.1 to cover open source documentation associated
 with the TianoCore project.

 Version 1.0 covers source code files.  Version 1.1 is a
 backwards compatible extension that adds support for document
 files in both source form and compiled form.

 References:
     https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-2-Clause
     Complete text of TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.0 included below
     Complete text of TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1 included below

 Proposals (RFCs):
     https://lists.01.org/pipermail/edk2-devel/2017-March/008654.html

 TianoCore Bugzilla:
     https://bugzilla.tianocore.org/show_bug.cgi?id=629

* April 9, 2019

 Replace BSD 2-Clause License with BSD + Patent License removing the need for
 the TianoCore Contribution Agreement.

 References:
     https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-2-Clause
     Complete text of TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.0 included below
     Complete text of TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1 included below
     https://opensource.org/licenses/BSDplusPatent

 Proposals (RFCs):
     https://lists.01.org/pipermail/edk2-devel/2019-February/036260.html
     https://lists.01.org/pipermail/edk2-devel/2019-March/037500.html

 TianoCore Bugzilla:
     https://bugzilla.tianocore.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1373

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
License.txt: BSD 2-Clause License
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
   are met:

   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
     the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
     distribution.

   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
   FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
   COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
   INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
   LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
   CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
   LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
   ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
   POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Contributions.txt: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   ======================
   = Code Contributions =
   ======================

   To make a contribution to a TianoCore project, follow these steps.
   1. Create a change description in the format specified below to
      use in the source control commit log.
   2. Your commit message must include your "Signed-off-by" signature,
      and "Contributed-under" message.
   3. Your "Contributed-under" message explicitly states that the
      contribution is made under the terms of the specified
      contribution agreement.  Your "Contributed-under" message
      must include the name of contribution agreement and version.
      For example: Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
      The "TianoCore Contribution Agreement" is included below in
      this document.
   4. Submit your code to the TianoCore project using the process
      that the project documents on its web page.  If the process is
      not documented, then submit the code on development email list
      for the project.
   5. It is preferred that contributions are submitted using the same
      copyright license as the base project. When that is not possible,
      then contributions using the following licenses can be accepted:
      * BSD (2-clause): http://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-2-Clause
      * BSD (3-clause): http://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause
      * MIT: http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
      * Python-2.0: http://opensource.org/licenses/Python-2.0
      * Zlib: http://opensource.org/licenses/Zlib

      For documentation:
      * FreeBSD Documentation License
        https://www.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-doc-license.html

      Contributions of code put into the public domain can also be
      accepted.

      Contributions using other licenses might be accepted, but further
      review will be required.

   =====================================================
   = Change Description / Commit Message / Patch Email =
   =====================================================

   Your change description should use the standard format for a
   commit message, and must include your "Signed-off-by" signature
   and the "Contributed-under" message.

   == Sample Change Description / Commit Message =

   === Start of sample patch email message ===

   From: Contributor Name <contributor@example.com>
   Subject: [Repository/Branch PATCH] Module: Brief-single-line-summary

   Full-commit-message

   Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
   Signed-off-by: Contributor Name <contributor@example.com>
   ---

   An extra message for the patch email which will not be considered part
   of the commit message can be added here.

   Patch content inline or attached

   === End of sample patch email message ===

   === Notes for sample patch email ===

   * The first line of commit message is taken from the email's subject
     line following [Repository/Branch PATCH]. The remaining portion of the
     commit message is the email's content until the '---' line.
   * git format-patch is one way to create this format

   === Definitions for sample patch email ===

   * "Repository" is the identifier of the repository the patch applies.
     This identifier should only be provided for repositories other than
     'edk2'. For example 'edk2-BuildSpecification' or 'staging'.
   * "Branch" is the identifier of the branch the patch applies. This
     identifier should only be provided for branches other than 'edk2/master'.
     For example 'edk2/UDK2015', 'edk2-BuildSpecification/release/1.27', or
     'staging/edk2-test'.
   * "Module" is a short identifier for the affected code or documentation. For
     example 'MdePkg', 'MdeModulePkg/UsbBusDxe', 'Introduction', or
     'EDK II INF File Format'.
   * "Brief-single-line-summary" is a short summary of the change.
   * The entire first line should be less than ~70 characters.
   * "Full-commit-message" a verbose multiple line comment describing
     the change.  Each line should be less than ~70 characters.
   * "Contributed-under" explicitly states that the contribution is
     made under the terms of the contribution agreement. This
     agreement is included below in this document.
   * "Signed-off-by" is the contributor's signature identifying them
     by their real/legal name and their email address.

   ========================================
   = TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1 =
   ========================================

   INTEL CORPORATION ("INTEL") MAKES AVAILABLE SOFTWARE, DOCUMENTATION
   ("DOCUMENTATION"), INFORMATION AND/OR OTHER MATERIALS FOR USE IN THE
   TIANOCORE OPEN SOURCE PROJECT (COLLECTIVELY "CONTENT"). USE OF THE CONTENT
   IS GOVERNED BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT BETWEEN YOU AND
   INTEL AND/OR THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF LICENSE AGREEMENTS OR NOTICES
   INDICATED OR REFERENCED BELOW. BY USING THE CONTENT, YOU AGREE THAT YOUR
   USE OF THE CONTENT IS GOVERNED BY THIS AGREEMENT AND/OR THE TERMS AND
   CONDITIONS OF ANY APPLICABLE LICENSE AGREEMENTS OR NOTICES INDICATED OR
   REFERENCED BELOW. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS
   AGREEMENT AND THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF ANY APPLICABLE LICENSE
   AGREEMENTS OR NOTICES INDICATED OR REFERENCED BELOW, THEN YOU MAY NOT
   USE THE CONTENT.

   Unless otherwise indicated, all Content (except Documentation) made available
   on the TianoCore site is provided to you under the terms and conditions of the
   BSD License ("BSD"). A copy of the BSD License is available at
   http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php
   or when applicable, in the associated License.txt file.

   Unless otherwise indicated, all Documentation made available on the
   TianoCore site is provided to you under the terms and conditions of the
   FreeBSD Documentation License ("FreeBSD"). A copy of the license is
   available at https://www.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-doc-license.html or,
   when applicable, in the associated License.txt file.

   Certain other content may be made available under other licenses as
   indicated in or with such Content (for example, in a License.txt file).

   You accept and agree to the following terms and conditions for Your
   present and future Contributions submitted to TianoCore site. Except
   for the license granted to Intel hereunder, You reserve all right,
   title, and interest in and to Your Contributions.

   == SECTION 1: Definitions ==
   * "You" or "Contributor" shall mean the copyright owner or legal
     entity authorized by the copyright owner that is making a
     Contribution hereunder. All other entities that control, are
     controlled by, or are under common control with that entity are
     considered to be a single Contributor. For the purposes of this
     definition, "control" means (i) the power, direct or indirect, to
     cause the direction or management of such entity, whether by
     contract or otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent (50%)
     or more of the outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership
     of such entity.
   * "Contribution" shall mean any original work of authorship,
     including any modifications or additions to an existing work,
     that is intentionally submitted by You to the TianoCore site for
     inclusion in, or documentation of, any of the Content. For the
     purposes of this definition, "submitted" means any form of
     electronic, verbal, or written communication sent to the
     TianoCore site or its representatives, including but not limited
     to communication on electronic mailing lists, source code
     control systems, and issue tracking systems that are managed by,
     or on behalf of, the TianoCore site for the purpose of
     discussing and improving the Content, but excluding
     communication that is conspicuously marked or otherwise
     designated in writing by You as "Not a Contribution."

   == SECTION 2: License for Contributions ==
   * Contributor hereby agrees that redistribution and use of the
     Contribution in source and binary forms, with or without
     modification, are permitted provided that the following
     conditions are met:
   ** Redistributions of source code must retain the Contributor's
      copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
      disclaimer.
   ** Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the Contributor's
      copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
      disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
      with the distribution.
   * Disclaimer. None of the names of Contributor, Intel, or the names
     of their respective contributors may be used to endorse or
     promote products derived from this software without specific
     prior written permission.
   * Contributor grants a license (with the right to sublicense) under
     claims of Contributor's patents that Contributor can license that
     are infringed by the Contribution (as delivered by Contributor) to
     make, use, distribute, sell, offer for sale, and import the
     Contribution and derivative works thereof solely to the minimum
     extent necessary for licensee to exercise the granted copyright
     license; this patent license applies solely to those portions of
     the Contribution that are unmodified. No hardware per se is
     licensed.
   * EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN SECTION 3 BELOW, THE
     CONTRIBUTION IS PROVIDED BY THE CONTRIBUTOR "AS IS" AND ANY
     EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
     THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
     PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
     CONTRIBUTOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
     SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
     NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
     LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
     HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
     CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
     OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THE
     CONTRIBUTION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
     DAMAGE.

   == SECTION 3: Representations ==
   * You represent that You are legally entitled to grant the above
     license. If your employer(s) has rights to intellectual property
     that You create that includes Your Contributions, You represent
     that You have received permission to make Contributions on behalf
     of that employer, that Your employer has waived such rights for
     Your Contributions.
   * You represent that each of Your Contributions is Your original
     creation (see Section 4 for submissions on behalf of others).
     You represent that Your Contribution submissions include complete
     details of any third-party license or other restriction
     (including, but not limited to, related patents and trademarks)
     of which You are personally aware and which are associated with
     any part of Your Contributions.

   == SECTION 4: Third Party Contributions ==
   * Should You wish to submit work that is not Your original creation,
     You may submit it to TianoCore site separately from any
     Contribution, identifying the complete details of its source
     and of any license or other restriction (including, but not
     limited to, related patents, trademarks, and license agreements)
     of which You are personally aware, and conspicuously marking the
     work as "Submitted on behalf of a third-party: [named here]".

   == SECTION 5: Miscellaneous ==
   * Applicable Laws. Any claims arising under or relating to this
     Agreement shall be governed by the internal substantive laws of
     the State of Delaware or federal courts located in Delaware,
     without regard to principles of conflict of laws.
   * Language. This Agreement is in the English language only, which
     language shall be controlling in all respects, and all versions
     of this Agreement in any other language shall be for accommodation
     only and shall not be binding. All communications and notices made
     or given pursuant to this Agreement, and all documentation and
     support to be provided, unless otherwise noted, shall be in the
     English language.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Contributions.txt: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   ======================
   = Code Contributions =
   ======================

   To make a contribution to a TianoCore project, follow these steps.
   1. Create a change description in the format specified below to
      use in the source control commit log.
   2. Your commit message must include your "Signed-off-by" signature,
      and "Contributed-under" message.
   3. Your "Contributed-under" message explicitly states that the
      contribution is made under the terms of the specified
      contribution agreement.  Your "Contributed-under" message
      must include the name of contribution agreement and version.
      For example: Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.0
      The "TianoCore Contribution Agreement" is included below in
      this document.
   4. Submit your code to the TianoCore project using the process
      that the project documents on its web page.  If the process is
      not documented, then submit the code on development email list
      for the project.
   5. It is preferred that contributions are submitted using the same
      copyright license as the base project. When that is not possible,
      then contributions using the following licenses can be accepted:
      * BSD (2-clause): http://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-2-Clause
      * BSD (3-clause): http://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause
      * MIT: http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
      * Python-2.0: http://opensource.org/licenses/Python-2.0
      * Zlib: http://opensource.org/licenses/Zlib

      Contributions of code put into the public domain can also be
      accepted.

      Contributions using other licenses might be accepted, but further
      review will be required.

   =====================================================
   = Change Description / Commit Message / Patch Email =
   =====================================================

   Your change description should use the standard format for a
   commit message, and must include your "Signed-off-by" signature
   and the "Contributed-under" message.

   == Sample Change Description / Commit Message =

   === Start of sample patch email message ===

   From: Contributor Name <contributor@example.com>
   Subject: [PATCH] CodeModule: Brief-single-line-summary

   Full-commit-message

   Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.0
   Signed-off-by: Contributor Name <contributor@example.com>
   ---

   An extra message for the patch email which will not be considered part
   of the commit message can be added here.

   Patch content inline or attached

   === End of sample patch email message ===

   === Notes for sample patch email ===

   * The first line of commit message is taken from the email's subject
     line following [PATCH]. The remaining portion of the commit message
     is the email's content until the '---' line.
   * git format-patch is one way to create this format

   === Definitions for sample patch email ===

   * "CodeModule" is a short idenfier for the affected code.  For
     example MdePkg, or MdeModulePkg UsbBusDxe.
   * "Brief-single-line-summary" is a short summary of the change.
   * The entire first line should be less than ~70 characters.
   * "Full-commit-message" a verbose multiple line comment describing
     the change.  Each line should be less than ~70 characters.
   * "Contributed-under" explicitely states that the contribution is
     made under the terms of the contribtion agreement.  This
     agreement is included below in this document.
   * "Signed-off-by" is the contributor's signature identifying them
     by their real/legal name and their email address.

   ========================================
   = TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.0 =
   ========================================

   INTEL CORPORATION ("INTEL") MAKES AVAILABLE SOFTWARE, DOCUMENTATION,
   INFORMATION AND/OR OTHER MATERIALS FOR USE IN THE TIANOCORE OPEN SOURCE
   PROJECT (COLLECTIVELY "CONTENT"). USE OF THE CONTENT IS GOVERNED BY THE
   TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT BETWEEN YOU AND INTEL AND/OR THE
   TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF LICENSE AGREEMENTS OR NOTICES INDICATED OR
   REFERENCED BELOW. BY USING THE CONTENT, YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THE
   CONTENT IS GOVERNED BY THIS AGREEMENT AND/OR THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS
   OF ANY APPLICABLE LICENSE AGREEMENTS OR NOTICES INDICATED OR REFERENCED
   BELOW. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS
   AGREEMENT AND THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF ANY APPLICABLE LICENSE
   AGREEMENTS OR NOTICES INDICATED OR REFERENCED BELOW, THEN YOU MAY NOT
   USE THE CONTENT.

   Unless otherwise indicated, all Content made available on the TianoCore
   site is provided to you under the terms and conditions of the BSD
   License ("BSD"). A copy of the BSD License is available at
   http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php
   or when applicable, in the associated License.txt file.

   Certain other content may be made available under other licenses as
   indicated in or with such Content. (For example, in a License.txt file.)

   You accept and agree to the following terms and conditions for Your
   present and future Contributions submitted to TianoCore site. Except
   for the license granted to Intel hereunder, You reserve all right,
   title, and interest in and to Your Contributions.

   == SECTION 1: Definitions ==
   * "You" or "Contributor" shall mean the copyright owner or legal
     entity authorized by the copyright owner that is making a
     Contribution hereunder. All other entities that control, are
     controlled by, or are under common control with that entity are
     considered to be a single Contributor. For the purposes of this
     definition, "control" means (i) the power, direct or indirect, to
     cause the direction or management of such entity, whether by
     contract or otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent (50%)
     or more of the outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership
     of such entity.
   * "Contribution" shall mean any original work of authorship,
     including any modifications or additions to an existing work,
     that is intentionally submitted by You to the TinaoCore site for
     inclusion in, or documentation of, any of the Content. For the
     purposes of this definition, "submitted" means any form of
     electronic, verbal, or written communication sent to the
     TianoCore site or its representatives, including but not limited
     to communication on electronic mailing lists, source code
     control systems, and issue tracking systems that are managed by,
     or on behalf of, the TianoCore site for the purpose of
     discussing and improving the Content, but excluding
     communication that is conspicuously marked or otherwise
     designated in writing by You as "Not a Contribution."

   == SECTION 2: License for Contributions ==
   * Contributor hereby agrees that redistribution and use of the
     Contribution in source and binary forms, with or without
     modification, are permitted provided that the following
     conditions are met:
   ** Redistributions of source code must retain the Contributor's
      copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
      disclaimer.
   ** Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the Contributor's
      copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
      disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
      with the distribution.
   * Disclaimer. None of the names of Contributor, Intel, or the names
     of their respective contributors may be used to endorse or
     promote products derived from this software without specific
     prior written permission.
   * Contributor grants a license (with the right to sublicense) under
     claims of Contributor's patents that Contributor can license that
     are infringed by the Contribution (as delivered by Contributor) to
     make, use, distribute, sell, offer for sale, and import the
     Contribution and derivative works thereof solely to the minimum
     extent necessary for licensee to exercise the granted copyright
     license; this patent license applies solely to those portions of
     the Contribution that are unmodified. No hardware per se is
     licensed.
   * EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN SECTION 3 BELOW, THE
     CONTRIBUTION IS PROVIDED BY THE CONTRIBUTOR "AS IS" AND ANY
     EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
     THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
     PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
     CONTRIBUTOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
     SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
     NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
     LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
     HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
     CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
     OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THE
     CONTRIBUTION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
     DAMAGE.

   == SECTION 3: Representations ==
   * You represent that You are legally entitled to grant the above
     license. If your employer(s) has rights to intellectual property
     that You create that includes Your Contributions, You represent
     that You have received permission to make Contributions on behalf
     of that employer, that Your employer has waived such rights for
     Your Contributions.
   * You represent that each of Your Contributions is Your original
     creation (see Section 4 for submissions on behalf of others).
     You represent that Your Contribution submissions include complete
     details of any third-party license or other restriction
     (including, but not limited to, related patents and trademarks)
     of which You are personally aware and which are associated with
     any part of Your Contributions.

   == SECTION 4: Third Party Contributions ==
   * Should You wish to submit work that is not Your original creation,
     You may submit it to TianoCore site separately from any
     Contribution, identifying the complete details of its source
     and of any license or other restriction (including, but not
     limited to, related patents, trademarks, and license agreements)
     of which You are personally aware, and conspicuously marking the
     work as "Submitted on behalf of a third-party: [named here]".

   == SECTION 5: Miscellaneous ==
   * Applicable Laws. Any claims arising under or relating to this
     Agreement shall be governed by the internal substantive laws of
     the State of Delaware or federal courts located in Delaware,
     without regard to principles of conflict of laws.
   * Language. This Agreement is in the English language only, which
     language shall be controlling in all respects, and all versions
     of this Agreement in any other language shall be for accommodation
     only and shall not be binding. All communications and notices made
     or given pursuant to this Agreement, and all documentation and
     support to be provided, unless otherwise noted, shall be in the
     English language.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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